I am trying to compile Nginx from source based on the original compiled Nginx server running on my DigitalOcean server ( Ubuntu-14.04 64x ) but with a few extra modules. I can get everything installed smoothly but I can not get it to start. I am sure the ini is correct because I copied the original source off the current running Nginx server [ Even though I see that Nginx now adds the ini when compiling fron source ].

Below is the [ lengthy process ] that I am performing - add sorry but I wanted to be thorough for those who are in need of the info ]. Because I am a newB to Nginx, I am sure I am missing something or just have it all wrong. If you may look over what I have done and see if you spot anything I need/need to change, I will greatly appreciate it. Thnx!

With the original Nginx server still running:

I check the current/running Nginx configuration so I can build the new Nginx instance the same but with the added modules:

nginx -V
# The out-put:
configure arguments: 
--with-cc-opt='-g -O2 -fstack-protector 
--param=ssp-buffer-size=4 -Wformat -Werror=format-security -D_FORTIFY_SOURCE=2' 
--with-ld-opt='-Wl,-Bsymbolic-functions -Wl,-z,relro' 

NOTE: The configure arguments below return errors during 'make' so I removed them. I don't know what they are - could this be related to my issue???

--with-cc-opt='-g -O2 -fstack-protector 
--param=ssp-buffer-size=4 -Wformat -Werror=format-security -D_FORTIFY_SOURCE=2' 
--with-ld-opt='-Wl,-Bsymbolic-functions -Wl,-z,relro'

Moving on:

# So I don't have to sudo every line:
sudo bash

# Check for updates first thing:
apt-get update

# Install various prerequisites needed to compile Nginx:
apt-get install build-essential libgd2-xpm-dev lsb-base zlib1g-dev libpcre3 libpcre3-dev libbz2-dev libxslt1-dev libxml2 libssl-dev libgeoip-dev tar unzip openssl

# Create System users [ if it doesn't exist - but I see its there on DigitalOceans' Droplets all-ready ]:
adduser --system --no-create-home --disabled-login --disabled-password --group www-data

# Download NGINX
wget http://nginx.org/download/nginx-1.7.4.tar.gz
tar -xvzf nginx-1.7.4.tar.gz

# Then Google PageSpeed:
wget https://github.com/pagespeed/ngx_pagespeed/archive/release-
unzip release-

# cd into the PageSpeed Directory
cd ngx_pagespeed-release-
# and add the PSOL files in there:
wget https://dl.google.com/dl/page-speed/psol/
tar -xzvf

# Get back to the root directory:

# I add the ngx_cache_purge module and will install the Nginx Helper plugin for WP later:
wget https://github.com/FRiCKLE/ngx_cache_purge/archive/2.1.zip
unzip 2.1.zip

# Add the headers-more-nginx-module:
wget https://github.com/openresty/headers-more-nginx-module/archive/v0.25.zip
unzip v0.25.zip

# and the naxsi module for added security:
wget https://github.com/nbs-system/naxsi/archive/0.53-2.tar.gz
tar -xvzf 0.53-2.tar.gz

# cd to the new Nginx directory
cd nginx-1.7.4

# Set up the configuration build based on the current running Nginx config args and add my additional modules:
./configure \
--add-module=$HOME/naxsi-0.53-2/naxsi_src \
--prefix=/usr/share/nginx \
--conf-path=/etc/nginx/nginx.conf \
--http-log-path=/var/log/nginx/access.log \
--error-log-path=/var/log/nginx/error.log \
--lock-path=/var/lock/nginx.lock \
--pid-path=/run/nginx.pid \
--http-client-body-temp-path=/var/lib/nginx/body \
--http-fastcgi-temp-path=/var/lib/nginx/fastcgi \
--http-proxy-temp-path=/var/lib/nginx/proxy \
--http-scgi-temp-path=/var/lib/nginx/scgi \
--http-uwsgi-temp-path=/var/lib/nginx/uwsgi \
--user=www-data \
--group=www-data \
--with-debug \
--with-pcre-jit \
--with-ipv6 \
--with-http_ssl_module \
--with-http_stub_status_module \
--with-http_realip_module \
--with-http_addition_module \
--with-http_dav_module \
--with-http_geoip_module \
--with-http_gzip_static_module \
--with-http_image_filter_module \
--with-http_spdy_module \
--with-http_sub_module \
--with-http_xslt_module \
--with-mail \
--with-mail_ssl_module \
--add-module=$HOME/ngx_pagespeed-release- \
--add-module=$HOME/ngx_cache_purge-2.1 \


Configuration Summary:

Configuration summary
  + using system PCRE library
  + using system OpenSSL library
  + md5: using OpenSSL library
  + sha1: using OpenSSL library
  + using system zlib library

  nginx path prefix: "/usr/share/nginx"
  nginx binary file: "/usr/share/nginx/sbin/nginx"
  nginx configuration prefix: "/etc/nginx"
  nginx configuration file: "/etc/nginx/nginx.conf"
  nginx pid file: "/run/nginx.pid"
  nginx error log file: "/var/log/nginx/error.log"
  nginx http access log file: "/var/log/nginx/access.log"
  nginx http client request body temporary files: "/var/lib/nginx/body"
  nginx http proxy temporary files: "/var/lib/nginx/proxy"
  nginx http fastcgi temporary files: "/var/lib/nginx/fastcgi"
  nginx http uwsgi temporary files: "/var/lib/nginx/uwsgi"
  nginx http scgi temporary files: "/var/lib/nginx/scgi"

Next step:

I cd to root and I check the old Nginx folder locations and double checked the 'make' output to see that they are the same:

whereis nginx
nginx: /usr/sbin/nginx /etc/nginx /usr/share/nginx

NOTE: Not sure about the '/usr/sbin/nginx' - Possible issue???

Next I copy the old /etc/nginx/nginx.conf, /etc/nginx/sites-available/default, /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/default, /etc/init.d/nginx to a text file locally for safe keeping to use in the new Nginx server.

Then stop the running Nginx server: service nginx stop , verify it's stopped: service --status-all and the output is: [ - ] nginx

To verify that there are two Nginx directories, I cd to: cd nginx* and the output is an error indicating there are two nginx folders - Cool Beans! :)

Now Install the new Nginx server: cd nginx-1.7.4 make install

# INSTALL OUTPUT ########################################
make -f objs/Makefile install
make[1]: Entering directory `/home/walkingfish/nginx-1.7.4'
test -d '/usr/share/nginx' || mkdir -p '/usr/share/nginx'
test -d '/usr/share/nginx/sbin'                 || mkdir -p '/usr/share/nginx/sbin'
test ! -f '/usr/share/nginx/sbin/nginx'                 || mv '/usr/share/nginx/sbin/nginx'                     '/usr/share/nginx/sbin/nginx.old'
cp objs/nginx '/usr/share/nginx/sbin/nginx'
test -d '/etc/nginx'            || mkdir -p '/etc/nginx'
cp conf/koi-win '/etc/nginx'
cp conf/koi-utf '/etc/nginx'
cp conf/win-utf '/etc/nginx'
test -f '/etc/nginx/mime.types'                 || cp conf/mime.types '/etc/nginx'
cp conf/mime.types '/etc/nginx/mime.types.default'
test -f '/etc/nginx/fastcgi_params'             || cp conf/fastcgi_params '/etc/nginx'
cp conf/fastcgi_params          '/etc/nginx/fastcgi_params.default'
test -f '/etc/nginx/fastcgi.conf'               || cp conf/fastcgi.conf '/etc/nginx'
cp conf/fastcgi.conf '/etc/nginx/fastcgi.conf.default'
test -f '/etc/nginx/uwsgi_params'               || cp conf/uwsgi_params '/etc/nginx'
cp conf/uwsgi_params            '/etc/nginx/uwsgi_params.default'
test -f '/etc/nginx/scgi_params'                || cp conf/scgi_params '/etc/nginx'
cp conf/scgi_params             '/etc/nginx/scgi_params.default'
test -f '/etc/nginx/nginx.conf'                 || cp conf/nginx.conf '/etc/nginx/nginx.conf'
cp conf/nginx.conf '/etc/nginx/nginx.conf.default'
test -d '/run'          || mkdir -p '/run'
test -d '/var/log/nginx' ||             mkdir -p '/var/log/nginx'
test -d '/usr/share/nginx/html'                 || cp -R html '/usr/share/nginx'
test -d '/var/log/nginx' ||             mkdir -p '/var/log/nginx'

I copy/create the files that I saved earlier to txt files in sites-available, the config, default and ini files then symlink them to sites-enabled, and so on.

And now to start the server: service nginx start

And this is where s#!+ hits the fan - Nada. I check to see if Nginx is running with service --status-all and its not. Also with nginx -V and its not installed??? I reboot the system too and still nothing. So I am not sure what is wrong here. The ini was copied over from the old server along with all the other config files after deleting the old files. When I opened the new compiled files, the nginx default data was present so I replaced them with my old original data prior to starting the new server for the first time.

Also to be safe, I rm /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/default and symlinked with ln -s /etc/nginx/sites-available/default /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/default with no errors and I verified that the data was in the sites-enabled/default file.

I don't think the server really/fully installed because of the nginx -V result:

The program 'nginx' can be found in the following packages:
 * nginx-core
 * nginx-extras
 * nginx-full
 * nginx-light
 * nginx-naxsi
Try: apt-get install <selected package>

Do/should I apt-get install nginx-1.7.4 ?? Or what package do I use being that its a custom package and make install earlier did nothing??

If you need to see the conf files I copied over from the old to the custom server, LMK and I'll post them.

Again your help here would be appreciated!

  • Welcome to SF. Thanks for making the effort to compile all information in your answer. However, the post ended up on the TL;DR side. Would you consider moving the long console snips to a permanent paste service and linking them instead? It will be easier to help if the question is as concise as possible, without loosing potentially important information. Aug 21 '14 at 23:52
  • Isn't ubuntu using one of them newfangled init replacements? I'm guessing that nginx probably doesn't include upstart support out of the box, you'll need to write a startup script for it (looks like there's an example here: wiki.nginx.org/InitScripts )
    – DerfK
    Aug 22 '14 at 0:04
  • @DerfK Nginx is now including the UpStart support when compiling; The script out of the box is UpStart and as stated above, I made sure it was there and even c&p'd it over the original and still nada. Thnx 4 asking. Aug 22 '14 at 0:17

Because I was compiling based on the current servers configuration using nginx -V, the output wasn't displaying a sbin path so I forgot about it even thought the compile should have set a default as per the docs. Basically, the folders were not compiled :P

--sbin-path=path — sets the name of an nginx executable file. This name is used only during installation. By default the file is named prefix/sbin/nginx.

  • cab you elaborate? I'm having same issue installing a compiled nginx w/pagespeed
    – Francesco
    Jun 18 '18 at 19:28

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.