8

Following a complete re-installation we got a problem with the configuration: the sender address was wrong and some recipients (mail servers) rejected them.

So there is a bunch of mails stuck in the Postfix queue.

Ideally, a change of the sender address directly in the queued mails, and then flushing the queue would be optimal.

I tried this answer that addresses this very problem. But messages don't seem to be easily modifiable in the version I have (2.11.0).

For instance there is no /var/spool/mqueue dir, but, instead, /var/spool/postfix/...

active
bounce
corrupt
defer
deferred
dev
etc
flush
hold
incoming
lib
maildrop
pid
private
public
saved
trace
usr

and the dir of interest is deferred. I tried to modify a few files there changing the wrong domain with the correct one (and was careful to ensure only those were changed).

But then, those mails were moved to corrupt, meaning that a simple text change doesn't seem to work (done with vi).

Any other cleaner way to change the sender in queued mails?

19

I tried this answer that addresses this very problem. But messages don't seem to be easily modifiable in the version I have (2.11.0).

For instance there is no /var/spool/mqueue dir, but, instead, /var/spool/postfix/...

I want to clarify two things.

  • First, that answer was applied to sendmail NOT postfix.
  • Second, direct-manipulating-raw-queue-files was not supported at all.

So, you have several options here

1. smtp_generic_maps parameter

This answer inspired by this excellent answer. It will rewrite old-address to new-address automatically. You can define file to maps old-address to new-address.

/etc/postfix/main.cf:
    smtp_generic_maps = hash:/etc/postfix/generic

/etc/postfix/generic:
    account@localdomain.example.com       account@example.com

Don't forget to postmap /etc/postfix/generic and run postfix reload

  • Upside: You doesn't need to requeue the message
  • Downside: Postfix will rewriting sender and recipient address that matching account@localdomain.example.com.

2. sender_canonical_address

To overcome the downside of first option, you can use sender_canonical_maps. This solution based on Postfix author suggestion. Same as first option, you can define file to maps old-address to new-address.

/etc/postfix/main.cf:
    sender_canonical_maps = hash:/etc/postfix/sender_canonical

/etc/postfix/sender_canonical:
    account@localdomain.example.com       account@example.com

Run postmap /etc/postfix/sender_canonical then run postfix reload. Due the flow of postfix queue, you must re-queue the affected queue with command postsuper -r queueid

  • Upside: Postfix not rewriting recipient address.
  • Downside: You must requeue all affected message. But you can requeue all deferred with single command postsuper -r ALL deferred

3. direct manipulating of postfix queue

This is manual old ways to modify queue for advanced processing. This answer came from postfix-users mailing lists

In short

  • Extract queue

    # postsuper -h queueid
    # postcat -qbh queueid > tempfile.eml
    # vi tempfile.eml
    
  • Resubmit queue and delete old queue

    # sendmail -f $sender $recipient < tempfile.eml
    # postsuper -d queueid
    

For documentation of above command, refer to this page

Note:
Original solution from postfix-users mailing lists, use postcat -q queueid >tempfile to extract queue. This command will extract the header, body and meta-information of the queue. As pointed Azendale below, sendmail will refuse to send this malformed email because of meta-information.

Using -bh parameter in addition of q parameter will make postcat filter the output to header and body only, not including meta-information. A side benefit of this is the tempfile is in the format most email clients recognize as .eml format, allowing you to view the resulting (edited) message.

  • 1
    I tried this, and at least with my version of postfix, it didn't seem to send the message until I used something like postcat -qbh queueid >tempfile. (Side benefit: it is in .eml format then.) If I just used -q it seemed to do nothing when I ran sendmail. Postfix version 2.8.4. Can anyone confirm this? If so, let's edit this answer. – Azendale Apr 15 '15 at 3:20
  • Hi @Azendale, I retest the third solution and yes we need use qbh to make it work. Adding the explanation in the updated answer... :) – masegaloeh Apr 15 '15 at 5:22
  • Thanks ! Was looking for a third solution like. it's just perfect ! – JazZ Oct 4 '17 at 13:45

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