SELinux is preventing the apache user from writing to a log file which it owns. When I do setenforce 0 it works. Otherwise it shows this error

IOError: [Errno 13] Permission denied: '/var/www/webapp/k/site/k.log'

The security context of the file:

$ ll -Z k.log 
-rw-r--r--. apache apache system_u:object_r:httpd_sys_content_t:s0 k.log

The file was created when the SELinux mode was set to permissive.

How to set the security context so the apache user can write in that directory? I did set that directory security context using chcon but I can't find a suitable file type.

From audit.log:

type=AVC msg=audit(1409945481.163:1561): avc:  denied  { append } for  pid=16862 comm="httpd" name="k.log" dev="dm-1" ino=201614333 scontext=system_u:system_r:httpd_t:s0 tcontext=system_u:object_r:httpd_sys_content_t:s0 tclass=file
type=SYSCALL msg=audit(1409945481.163:1561): arch=c000003e syscall=2 success=no exit=-13 a0=7fa8080847a0 a1=441 a2=1b6 a3=3 items=0 ppid=15256 pid=16862 auid=4294967295 uid=48 gid=48 euid=48 suid=48 fsuid=48 egid=48 sgid=48 fsgid=48 tty=(none) ses=4294967295 comm="httpd" exe="/usr/sbin/httpd" subj=system_u:system_r:httpd_t:s0 key=(null)

3 Answers 3


For files you want Apache to be able to write to, the type must be set to httpd_sys_rw_content_t.

  • The correct context-type for Apache to write logs is httpd_log_t, not anything content related. Sep 25, 2022 at 17:08

As already stated, you should instruct SELINUX to allow writing to that file. The right thing to do is to mark /var/www/webapp/k/site/ as of type httpd_sys_rw_content_t

To permanently mark that directory as httpd_sys_rw_content_t, you can use the command semanage fcontext -a -t httpd_sys_rw_content_t /var/www/webapp/k/site(/.*)?; restorecon -RF /var/www/webapp/k/site/ This will survive SELINUX binary policy updates and filesystem relabeling.

  • 4
    this should have been marked as the correct answer. and it is advised to permanently mark the directory (as stated in this answer).
    – skidadon
    Feb 10, 2016 at 15:38
  • 1
    You probably need to escape the parentheses from the shell. Nov 30, 2018 at 21:02

This will change the permissions:

chcon --type httpd_sys_rw_content_t /var/www/webapp/k/site/k.log
  • 1
    I get this error: -bash: syntax error near unexpected token `(' Nov 21, 2018 at 3:38

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