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I have 2 interfaces eth0(192.168.0.1) and eth1(10.1.1.15). And I do nat for all packets in this way.

iptables -t nat -A POSTROUTING -s 192.168.0.0/24 -j MASQUERADE

Now I want to keep source port for natted packets, like this:

192.168.0.1:8080 -> nat -> 10.1.1.15:8080

Is it possible to do this with iptables?

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By default MASQUERADE (like SNAT) tries to retain the original port of the machine establishing the connection. But of course, if two hosts use the same one then it will have to choose another one for the second host.

You can also explicitely set the the port range per protocol with :

/sbin/iptables -t nat -A POSTROUTING -p tcp -j MASQUERADE --to-ports <i>[-<n>]

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