9

Our company's SPF record format is as follows:

"v=spf1 include:_spf.google.com ~all a mx ip4:X.X.0.0/23 include:spf.example.com ?all"

So we have an "~all" in the middle of our SPF record. On the openspf.com website, they say this regarding the "all" mechanism:

This mechanism always matches. It usually goes at the end of the SPF record.

So, they don't say "all" HAS to go at the end of the SPF record, but that it USUALLY goes at the end.

At our company, lately we've been seeing some soft fails in emails sent from servers listed in our SPF record, yet our SPF record passes all validation tools I've found so far.

What I'm wondering is, would this "~all" directly after the include for Google Apps (_spf.google.com) cause parsing to stop and not recognize the remaining pieces of the SPF record? Would passing vs. soft-failing depend on who is parsing it and their specific implementation of how they process SPF records? Is there any reason to have an "all" mechanism that is not at the end of an SPF record?

And yes, I know we could just change our SPF record. This question is more about clarifying how this all works and not necessarily about resolving our specific situation.

10

RFC 7208 § 5.1 is explicit about this: after all appears, everything after it MUST be ignored.

Mechanisms after "all" will never be tested. Mechanisms listed after "all" MUST be ignored. Any "redirect" modifier (Section 6.1) MUST be ignored when there is an "all" mechanism in the record, regardless of the relative ordering of the terms.

The RFC it obsoleted, RFC 4408, said much the same thing; the newer version of the RFC simply clarifies the intention.

Mechanisms after "all" will never be tested. Any "redirect" modifier (Section 6.1) has no effect when there is an "all" mechanism.

So, conforming implementations of SPF will completely ignore everything after the first ~all. This doesn't mean, however, that every implementation conforms to the spec. In particular, this was probably thought worthy of clarification precisely because one or more implementations did not conform.

It's not at all clear why an online validation tool would not catch this misconfiguration, but if you intend for anything after the first all to be used, you should correct the record, as proper implementations will ignore it.

5

"v=spf1 include:_spf.google.com ~all a mx ip4:X.X.0.0/23 include:spf.example.com ?all"

says in order:

"email passing SPF record of _spf.google.com is valid for our domain"

"softfail on all other senders for our domain"

"email coming from our A records are valid for our domain"

"email coming from our MX records are valid for our domain"

"email coming from IP range x.x.0.0/23 is valid for our domain"

"email passing SPF record of spf.example.com is valid for our domain"

"email from all other senders for our domain cannot be validated one way or the other"

Per the Record syntax:

Mechanisms are evaluated in order. If no mechanism or modifier matches, the default result is "Neutral".

So for yours once it hits the "softfail for all others" that's really about it...it should be ignoring the rest of the mechanisms you've specified.

Your SPF record should be as succinct as possible. I highly doubt you have an entire /23 network that should be sending email for your domain, nor should all your A records. Maybe so...but most likely not.

A nice clean SPF record should look something like:

"v=spf1 include:_spf.google.com include:spf.example.com mx -all"

Which would basically say that _spf.google.com, spf.example.com and your MX records are the only valid senders for your domain...everything else should be treated as invalid.

0

A properly implemented SPF checker will short-circuit on a mechanism match and the check_host() function will return the qualifier value as the result. I don't have any "real world" data to provide to you regarding whether or not most email servers follow the RFC or not.

Source: RFC7208 (see page 17)

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.