I want to restrict the outbound security group from an EC2 instance. The instance only needs to access an S3 bucket. I just learned that S3 uses port HTTPS (443). I could just put that rule in place to allow any connection to any ip as long as it is HTTPS, but is it possible to just allow the EC2 instance to access the S3? Is there any ip connected to the S3 bucket or can I set one?
is it possible to just allow the EC2 instance to access the S3? Is there any ip connected to the S3 bucket or can I set one?
S3 uses many IPs. I suspect it would be difficult to nail down a list of them all. Additionally, there is no IP-to-bucket mapping, and it is not possible for you to specify an IP for a bucket. S3 is a managed service that AWS runs, and they have sole full control over their IP address usage for the service.
If you need to filter at this level, the easiest thing to do is to use a forward proxy (like squid) with a default deny ACL and then allowing only access to the S3 domain.
You may want to use VPC endpoints here.
"A VPC endpoint enables you to create a private connection between your VPC and another AWS service without requiring access over the Internet, through a NAT instance, a VPN connection, or AWS Direct Connect. Endpoints are virtual devices. They are horizontally scaled, redundant, and highly available VPC components that allow communication between instances in your VPC and AWS services without imposing availability risks or bandwidth constraints on your network traffic."
AWS provides a list of their public IP ranges via JSON. (perhaps other formats as well, but I'm not certain.) Building a tool to ensure the JSON is parsed and the proper firewall rules are applied should be relatively straightforward. Please see the following blog article for further information. :)
Building off of this answer, the AWS IP Ranges available in JSON here (https://ip-ranges.amazonaws.com/ip-ranges.json) now specify which services is available from which IP ranges (S3 has 136 entries as of writing this).
Therefore, if you have a security group with those entries, you could whitelist S3 as a service. The list will change and may include other AWS services, but it is a start.