I work in a company which uses 3 subnets, 10.0.0.0/16, 10.1.0.0/16 and 10.2.0.0/16. The 3 subnets are connected using layer 3 switches (10.0.100.200, 10.1.100.200, 10.2.100.200), all of the machines on each subnet use the layer 3 switch as it's default gateway, which then directs the traffic to the real gateway which currently is 10.1.0.2
I have recently configured a new gateway on 10.0.0.1, and have begun testing this new gateway, for my client machines on the 10.0.0.0/16 subnet this is not an issue, I simply changed the default gateway assigned via DHCP to these machines to the new address and the traffic went out through the new gateway instead of going to the layer 3 switch.
I want to test this on another site as well, as we have different teams in each building who need access to different websites, and I want to make sure before we switch everything over that each team can access what they need to do their work.
So on a Windows workstation on the 10.2.0.0/16 network I tried setting the default gateway of the machine to 10.0.0.1, I checked where the traffic went to and it still went out through the old gateway (using tracert to 22.214.171.124 it gets there but through the old gateway, using tracert 10.0.0.1, it reaches 10.0.0.1). I believe the default gateway setting is being overridden by the static route table on the layer 3 switches.
I'm trying to figure out if it possible to set a static route on the machines in question so they can direct their gateway traffic to 10.0.0.1 and avoid it being overridden by the Layer 3 switches.
route add 0.0.0.0 mask 0.0.0.0 10.0.0.1 if 0x2
This was accepted by Windows, but repeating my tracert tests the traffic still goes out through the old gateway. I was hoping I could do:
route add 0.0.0.0 mask 0.0.0.0 10.0.0.1 if 0x2 route add 10.0.0.1 mask 0.0.0.0 10.0.100.200 if 0x2 route add 10.0.100.200 mask 0.0.0.0 10.2.100.200 if 0x2
But this also failed, running the second and 3rd commands Windows reported:
The route addition failed: The specified mask parameter is invalid. (Destination & Mask) != Destination.
So I know the commands I am running won't work, but is it possible to force Windows to direct its traffic through the layer 3 switches to my new gateway or am I on a fruitless search?
If I need to alter the static routes on the layer 3 switches I don't mind doing this, I have a maintenance window planned on Sunday anyway so I can do some tinkering then. I would rather not do this during working hours, for obvious reasons.
Just to clarify the links between sites, each layer 3 switch has the following connections:
gateway , fibre link 1, fibre link 2 10.0.100.200, , 192.168.10.1 10.1.100.200, 192.168.20.1, 192.168.10.2 10.2.100.200, 192.168.20.2,
So in order for my traffic to get to 10.0.0.1 from 10.2.249.28 (my testing machine) it needs to go through 10.2.100.200 > 192.168.20.1 > 192.168.10.1 > 10.0.0.1
The layer 3 switches in question are Netgear FSM7326P and GSM7328FS.
If, as I am starting to suspect I cannot do this by setting the static routes within Windows, is it possible to define a static route for individual IP addresses on the layer 3 switches? Since I am currently testing I only want traffic from the 3 or 4 machines I will configure for testing to go through the new gateway for now, I want all the other traffic to continue to flow as before.