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This is my first post on Stack Exchange after years of roaming around.

I'm having difficulty deciding on a rack setup that meets our company's needs for scalability, management, and future proofing. I wish to purchase two server/network racks and put all of the networking equipment in one rack and all of the server equipment in another rack. This would allow us to have room for future growth within this office space. I wanted to know what are the options for connecting the server rack with the network rack. Do I use a patch panel to directly wire the racks together? Do I put a switch in the server rack and connect the uplink ports back to the network rack? All of the terminated connections will come to patch panels on the network rack.

Here is the equipment that will need to be racked:

  • x4 48 port 1U switches
  • x1 48 port 1U switch PoE
  • xN Patch panels
  • x1 2U Server
  • x1 2U Nas
  • x2 1U Mac Mini bracket
  • x1 1U KVM
  • x1 1U Server
  • x1 1U Firewall
  • x1 3U Shelf
  • x2 UPS (let's say 6U)

I wanted to get two 42U racks to plan for future growth for this office space. I was reading that people either put a patch panel in the server rack and another patch panel in the network rack and connect them together. That doesn't seem like it would scale well if we ever decided to get a third rack. Other people say to put a switch in the server rack and uplink to the network rack. That would scale better but we would waste the unused ports on the switch meanwhile. We are getting the office wired and unfortunately we will not have a separation between PoE lines and non-PoE lines at the patch panel level (i.e. there wouldn't be one panel devoted to just PoE connections). We want to be able to keep it as clean as possibly in respect to cable management. Any thoughts?

EDIT: I ended up going with the following layout. Two racks side by side with the networking equipment in one rack and the servers in another. I connected the two racks with a patch panel in each rack. This allows me to only use ports that I need because I couldn't spare (afford) to buy another switch to put in the server rack.

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I deal with a large number of small/medium-sized businesses and the plans for server room build-out and cleanup vary considerably, based on growth and infrastructure needs. In years past, when I had to house lots of large servers and rack mount equipment, I'd use a combination of multiple enclosures and dedicated network racks (example). However, virtualization changed that landscape, and the server needs are much lower in most environments I see.

Based on the equipment you've described, I'd strive to keep it simple.

  • Do you need a rack enclosure? You don't seem to have enough server equipment to justify it.
  • Will growth come in the form of more servers? Or just more ports? Leave space for more structured cabling and patch panels.
  • You could use a modular chassis switch (like the HP 5400zl) that can service PoE. If not, think about how your individual switches are arranged and whether they will be stacked. Don't daisy-chain them. You don't need a "top-of-rack switch".
  • Cable management is going to be important with that port density. Plan for horizontal and vertical managers to funnel cabling through. If you forego the vertical managers, at least look into something like a Neat-Patch unit.

I tend to use rack enclosures if they're already there, if I need physical security (lockable racks), if there's more than 10U of server equipment (example) and if there's requisite floor space.

Otherwise, for small installations, mid-mounting or center-mounting gear is an easy approach. Modern servers don't really have stringent cooling requirements and sparsely populated rack enclosures look silly :)

Also see: What to look for in a server rack?

And most importantly, talk to the low-voltage cabling people you're using. They can give you some ideas, examples or make a recommendation based on your location.

Some of my examples...


Simple dual relay racks with mid-mount server mounting brackets, horizontal and vertical cable management and an HP 5412zl modular chassis switch. The left relay rack is mainly empty, but was used because an enclosure wouldn't make sense in the space. enter image description here


Simple arrangement with a single relay rack and a single enclosure. The enclosure was previously full, but the 28U of servers were consolidated to 6U through virtualization. The empty spaces are filled with 1U blanking panels. Relay rack contains small HP 4208vl modular switch, horizontal and vertical cable management, a separate PoE switch for wireless access points, firewall and other network appliances. enter image description here

enter image description here

  • Thank you for the thorough reply and the pictures. To answer your questions no we don't NEED a rack, but they still want one/two for future growth for servers/storage. We already planned for future growth for cabling. Unfortunately we already ordered the switches so a chassis switch isn't coming. We are still looking at different enclosures to determine which would be the best for us. Could you perhaps go into a little more detail about your setup in the first picture at the end of your post under your "examples". How are the servers connected to the network rack? Chassis switch connection? – Matthew Sanabria Jun 7 '15 at 15:00
  • What did you order? Sometimes model information helps. In terms of the rack, sure, you can get an enclosure. But the environment you've described doesn't seem to warrant more than a relay rack and a single enclosure. – ewwhite Jun 7 '15 at 15:04
  • I edited my comment above because I hit post too early. If you can address that question I asked that would be great. I'm not really allowed to publicly post the information of our equipment because of the nature of our company. But the switches we ordered allow us to connect them together and manage them as one big switch. I would agree with you that we can use a relay rack and a single enclosure. We just want to keep it as clean and uniform as possible. – Matthew Sanabria Jun 7 '15 at 15:09
  • The servers in all examples above are connected to the chassis switches via appropriate-length cables run through the cable management brackets. Example one has a bundle of 7-foot cables running out of the rear of the bottom horizontal cable management unit to the servers in the left relay rack. Example two has 14-foot cables running through the top of the relay rack's vertical cable manager, strung overhead into the server enclosure's left-side cable management channel. – ewwhite Jun 7 '15 at 15:14
  • Thank you! I'll keep all of this in mind and I'll run through different layouts. There's so many ways to do the same thing it's difficult to decide on one. – Matthew Sanabria Jun 7 '15 at 15:23
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In the typical office you'll have structured cabling with RJ45 wall outlets for desktops and VoIP handsets connected to a wiring cabinet with patch-panels and switches. That wiring cabinet may already be in your server room or you have backbone cabling from the switches in wiring cabinet on each floor converging in your server room.

In your server room for your server cabinets you have three options:

  • patch panels in your server cabinet meeting with the patch panels in your wiring cabinet. Often the cost of getting those installed will come from the housing budget, rather than the IT budget, leaving your department with more money for other shiny gadgets, at least that was the business case for some clients...
  • use a top-of-rack switches and you only have a couple of wires from each cabinet to your core switches. On an enterprise budget top-of-rack switches aren't that expensive and empty ports not much of an issue.

(IMHO In a data center patch panels made sense when you didn't have VLAN's and switch ports were too expensive to leave empty. In a current data center a top-of-rack switch(es) makes a lot more sense than having 24-48 pre-wired patch panel ports connected to an end-of-row wiring/switching cabinet... And you do see a combination, a top of rack optical patch panel for the 10G+ fiber uplinks from top of rack switches and blade centers)

  • In a SMB situation such as yours with have a dozen pieces of kit you have a third option simply route your patch cables from the server cabinet to your second cabinet where the switch is and have neither patch panel nor top of rack.
  • Thank you for your comment! I forgot to mention that our office space is currently being built and should be ready in 2-3 weeks. Unfortunately we only have one room that will serve as both the wiring closet and the server room. – Matthew Sanabria Jun 6 '15 at 12:36
  • That is not a problem and quite common actually (as long as you have sufficient cooling and power for your servers). Good luck setting up everything and with your equipment move! – HBruijn Jun 6 '15 at 12:47
  • Thank you again. Good to know I'm not the only one out there haha. – Matthew Sanabria Jun 6 '15 at 12:58

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