I am trying to broadcast an ARP query. I want to get every node's ip and mac address updated in my system via this query. So that I can type $arp and see all the nodes on my network and their corresponding physical addresses.

I have tried $ arping with no avail.

rafael@rcepeda:/var/www/html$ arping -s -I wlan0
ARPING from wlan0
^CSent 37 probes (37 broadcast(s))
Received 0 response(s)

ifconfig for my interface

inet addr: Bcast: Mask:

Regular broadcast ping

rafael@rcepeda:/var/www/html$ ping -b
WARNING: pinging broadcast address
PING ( 56(84) bytes of data.
--- ping statistics ---
6 packets transmitted, 0 received, 100% packet loss, time 5040ms

100% packet loss

Is my router not letting me do this?

  • Are you the network admin? Let nmap do the work. – ott-- Jun 30 '15 at 17:26
  • Sneaking ICMP ECHO broadcasts into a network was a common method of doing a denial of service attack ( SMURF attack ) so by default most routers no longer forward or respond to them. Most systems ignore them as well. – Brian Jun 30 '15 at 17:44
  • I see, it seems like this might be impossible. How is it that network discovery tools accomplish this task quickly and without permission problems? – Rafael Jun 30 '15 at 18:29

Most Linux distributions ignore ICMP echo broadcasts by default (kernel parameter net.ipv4.icmp_echo_ignore_broadcasts).

As far back as I could remember, Windows does not respond to ICMP echo broadcasts either. Maybe it could be overwritten by a registry modification but I do not know offhand.

This is discussed in the RFC 1122 standards document.

I would suggest using a bash script like this:

for i in 192.168.1.{1..254} 
  ping -c1 $i > /dev/null || true
  arp -an $i
  • I ran the bash script and I get ping usage info. – Rafael Jun 30 '15 at 17:00
  • Oops, just pasted my base script without modifying it for your question. Note that it'll take a while due to ping. You could modify timeout (-W, view man ping) accordingly. – Belmin Fernandez Jun 30 '15 at 17:39
  • 1
    It works, and yeah it takes a while. A network discovery tool might be better. – Rafael Jun 30 '15 at 18:27
  • 1
    Depending on your use-case, I'd say something like nmap is infinitely better honestly. – Belmin Fernandez Jun 30 '15 at 18:49

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