The following is from an email I received recently:

Authentication-Results: mx.google.com;
       dkim=pass header.i=@yahoo.com;
       dmarc=pass (p=REJECT dis=NONE) header.from=yahoo.com

I've been reading about SPF, DKIM, and DMARC, but I haven't found any explanation of what dis=NONE means. "dis" isn't listed in the DMARC tag registry, so where is it defined and what does it mean?

  • Another possible value is QUARANTINE and the FAQ mentions disposition, so it could be the "action" to be performed. However, found no reliable evidence.
    – sebix
    Sep 10, 2015 at 16:12

2 Answers 2


dis=none (disposition=none) -- means that Gmail applied "none" policy


  • It seems that dis=none logically means result=accepted but it's just spelled weird. Jul 7, 2022 at 11:04

Wikipedia currently explains this very well:


The disposition reflects the policy published actually applied to the messages, none, quarantine, or reject. Along with it, not shown in the table, DMARC provides for a policy override. Some reasons why a receiver can apply a policy different from the one requested are already provided for by the specification:

  • forwarded: while keeping the same bounce address, usually doesn't break DKIM,
  • sampled out: because a sender can choose to only apply the policy to a percentage of messages only,
  • trusted forwarder: the message arrived from a locally known source
  • mailing list: the receiver heuristically determined that the message arrived from a mailing list,
  • local policy: receivers are obviously free to apply the policy they like, it is just cool to let senders know,
  • other: if none of the above applies, a comment field allows to say more.


For more detail see RFC 7489.

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