1

I am trying to forward system email (from apt, cron, etc.) addressed to "root" to my personal email address using a smarthost. I am using Debian 9. First, I ran sudo dpkg-reconfigure exim4-config. This is the contents of /etc/exim4/update-exim4.conf.conf (I replaced all occurrences of my domain name with "example.com"):

dc_eximconfig_configtype='satellite'
dc_other_hostnames=''
dc_local_interfaces='127.0.0.1 ; ::1'
dc_readhost='example.com'
dc_relay_domains=''
dc_minimaldns='false'
dc_relay_nets=''
dc_smarthost='mail.messagingengine.com::587'
CFILEMODE='644'
dc_use_split_config='false'
dc_hide_mailname='true'
dc_mailname_in_oh='true'
dc_localdelivery='mail_spool'

I also set the correct password in /etc/exim4/passwd.client I can now successfully send mail to any email address with sendmail, mailx, etc.

Second, I edited /etc/aliases to contain the following:

mailer-daemon: postmaster
postmaster: root
nobody: root
hostmaster: root
usenet: root
news: root
webmaster: root
www: root
ftp: root
abuse: root
noc: root
security: root
root: my-email-address@example.com

But, when I try to send an email to "root" with echo Hi | mailx root I see the following error in /etc/exim4/mainlog:

SMTP error from remote mail server after RCPT TO:<root@example.com>: 550 5.1.1 <root@example.com>: Recipient address rejected: User unknown in local recipient table

I thought I told Exim4 to redirect email for root to "my-email-address@example.com". But instead it is redirecting it to "root@example.com". Why is Exim4 not honouring my /etc/aliases? How should I setup Exim4 to redirect email for root to my personal email address?

2

The satellite configuration sends ALL email to the specified smarthost. No local delivery is considered, so the /etc/aliases file is not consulted.

If you want to have local delivery considered you should change the configuration type from satellite to smarthost.

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