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I have been following a tutorial from haproxy blog on how to install varnish with haproxy. (Link) There is a problem with the haproxy config settings around this part:

frontend ft_web_static
  bind 10.0.1.3:80
  monitor-uri /haproxycheck
  # Tells Varnish to stop asking for static content when servers are dead
  # Varnish would deliver staled content
  monitor fail if nbsrv(bk_appsrv_static) eq 0
  default_backend bk_appsrv_static

When I restart haproxy, it gives me this error:

[root@ch]# service haproxy restart
[ALERT] 348/004936 (28582) : parsing [/etc/haproxy/haproxy.cfg:282] : error detected while parsing a 'monitor fail' condition : no such ACL : 'nbsrv(apache2_static)'.

I guess there is something wrong with nbsrv(bk_appsrv_static) eq 0. Someone in the comment section after the article has also raised this problem but no one has solutions for it. Can anyone figure out if there is a typo or mistake in the settings?

Here's the complete config:

# On Aloha, the global section is already setup for you
# and the haproxy stats socket is available at /var/run/haproxy.stats
global
  stats socket ./haproxy.stats level admin
  log 10.0.1.10 local3

# default options
defaults
  option http-server-close
  mode http
  log global
  option httplog
  timeout connect 5s
  timeout client 20s
  timeout server 15s
  timeout check 1s
  timeout http-keep-alive 1s
  timeout http-request 10s  # slowloris protection
  default-server inter 3s fall 2 rise 2 slowstart 60s

# HAProxy's stats
listen stats
  bind 10.0.1.3:8880
  stats enable
  stats hide-version
  stats uri     /
  stats realm   HAProxy Statistics
  stats auth    admin:admin

# main frontend dedicated to end users
frontend ft_web
  bind 10.0.0.3:80
  acl static_content path_end .jpg .gif .png .css .js .htm .html
  acl pseudo_static path_end .php ! path_beg /dynamic/
  acl image_php path_beg /images.php
  acl varnish_available nbsrv(bk_varnish_uri) ge 1
  # Caches health detection + routing decision
  use_backend bk_varnish_uri if varnish_available static_content
  use_backend bk_varnish_uri if varnish_available pseudo_static
  use_backend bk_varnish_url_param if varnish_available image_php
  # dynamic content or all caches are unavailable
  default_backend bk_appsrv

# appsrv backend for dynamic content
backend bk_appsrv
  balance roundrobin
  # app servers must say if everything is fine on their side
  # and they can process requests
  option httpchk
  option httpchk GET /appcheck
  http-check expect rstring [oO][kK]
  cookie SERVERID insert indirect nocache
  # Transparent proxying using the client IP from the TCP connection
  source 10.0.1.1 usesrc clientip
  server s1 10.0.1.101:80 cookie s1 check maxconn 250
  server s2 10.0.1.102:80 cookie s2 check maxconn 250

# static backend with balance based on the uri, including the query string
# to avoid caching an object on several caches
backend bk_varnish_uri
  balance uri # in latest HAProxy version, one can add 'whole' keyword
  # Varnish must tell it's ready to accept traffic
  option httpchk HEAD /varnishcheck
  http-check expect status 200
  # client IP information
  option forwardfor
  # avoid request redistribution when the number of caches changes (crash or start up)
  hash-type consistent
  server varnish1 10.0.1.201:80 check maxconn 1000
  server varnish2 10.0.1.202:80 check maxconn 1000

# cache backend with balance based on the value of the URL parameter called "id"
# to avoid caching an object on several caches
backend bk_varnish_url_param
  balance url_param id
  # client IP information
  option forwardfor
  # avoid request redistribution when the number of caches changes (crash or start up)
  hash-type consistent
  server varnish1 10.0.1.201:80 maxconn 1000 track bk_varnish_uri/varnish1
  server varnish2 10.0.1.202:80 maxconn 1000 track bk_varnish_uri/varnish2

# frontend used by Varnish servers when updating their cache
frontend ft_web_static
  bind 10.0.1.3:80
  monitor-uri /haproxycheck
  # Tells Varnish to stop asking for static content when servers are dead
  # Varnish would deliver staled content
  monitor fail if nbsrv(bk_appsrv_static) eq 0
  default_backend bk_appsrv_static

# appsrv backend used by Varnish to update their cache
backend bk_appsrv_static
  balance roundrobin
  # anything different than a status code 200 on the URL /staticcheck.txt
  # must be considered as an error
  option httpchk
  option httpchk HEAD /staticcheck.txt
  http-check expect status 200
  # Transparent proxying using the client IP provided by X-Forwarded-For header
  source 10.0.1.1 usesrc hdr_ip(X-Forwarded-For)
  server s1 10.0.1.101:80 check maxconn 50 slowstart 10s
  server s2 10.0.1.102:80 check maxconn 50 slowstart 10s
5

That article is over 3 years old and there's been 2 stable releases of HAProxy since then, so I suspect that's why it's not working verbatim.

If I had to guess your exact problem, I'd say it has to do with the syntax for the monitor fail statement, where it expects an ACL name after the if.

You have to options to fix this.

  1. Change the ACL to be an "anonymous" one, as outlined in section 7.2 of the HAProxy docs. I've linked v1.6, but it's the same in v1.5 as well.

    Your monitor would then look like:

    monitor fail if { nbsrv(bk_appsrv_static) eq 0 }  
    
  2. Create a named ACL for overall status of the bk_appsvr_static backend, and pass that along to the monitor fail line.

    That would look like:

    acl bk_app_static_noservers nbsrv(bk_appsrv_static) eq 0
    monitor fail if bk_app_static_noservers
    

    In this case, if the bk_appsvr_static doesn't have any servers available, the ACL will be FALSE and the monitor fail will apply.

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