I am trying to find what raid level and what storage controllers are there in my remote HP server.
I can find out the following details which storage controller, size of the disk, model etc.
But how to find if the raid is active and if, which raid?
One more clarification, I need here: So, I read raid can be defined in two ways: Hardware and Software.
So, hardware I guess means the storage controller. Ours is:
description: RAID bus controller product: Smart Array Gen9 Controllers
Some more info:
# hwinfo --storage 185: PCI 1f.2: 0106 SATA controller (AHCI 1.0) [Created at pci.319] Unique ID: w7Y8.AWGP+VY_LGA SysFS ID: /devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:1f.2 SysFS BusID: 0000:00:1f.2 Hardware Class: storage Model: "Intel SATA controller" Vendor: pci 0x8086 "Intel Corporation" Device: pci 0x8d02 SubVendor: pci 0x103c "Hewlett-Packard Company" SubDevice: pci 0x8030 Revision: 0x05 Driver: "ahci" Driver Modules: "ahci" I/O Ports: 0x4058-0x405f (rw) I/O Ports: 0x407c-0x407f (rw) I/O Ports: 0x4050-0x4057 (rw) I/O Ports: 0x4078-0x407b (rw) I/O Ports: 0x4020-0x403f (rw) Memory Range: 0x93100000-0x931007ff (rw,non-prefetchable) IRQ: 211 (2357394 events) Module Alias: "pci:v00008086d00008D02sv0000103Csd00008030bc01sc06i01" Driver Info #0: Driver Status: ahci is active Driver Activation Cmd: "modprobe ahci" Config Status: cfg=new, avail=yes, need=no, active=unknown 187: PCI 300.0: 0104 RAID bus controller [Created at pci.319] Unique ID: svHJ.ccZlDNM+DaD Parent ID: vSkL.TK0GkKDmr11 SysFS ID: /devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:01.0/0000:03:00.0 SysFS BusID: 0000:03:00.0 Hardware Class: storage Model: "Hewlett-Packard Company RAID bus controller" Vendor: pci 0x103c "Hewlett-Packard Company" Device: pci 0x3239 SubVendor: pci 0x103c "Hewlett-Packard Company" SubDevice: pci 0x21c0 Revision: 0x01 Driver: "hpsa" Driver Modules: "hpsa" Memory Range: 0x92f00000-0x92ffffff (rw,non-prefetchable) Memory Range: 0x93000000-0x930003ff (rw,non-prefetchable) I/O Ports: 0x3000-0x3fff (rw) Memory Range: 0x93200000-0x9327ffff (ro,prefetchable,disabled) IRQ: 16 (no events) Module Alias: "pci:v0000103Cd00003239sv0000103Csd000021C0bc01sc04i00" Driver Info #0: Driver Status: hpsa is active Driver Activation Cmd: "modprobe hpsa" Config Status: cfg=new, avail=yes, need=no, active=unknown Attached to: #153 (PCI bridge)
As you can see, there are two: SATA and RAID. From lshw output, I can confirm that all the storage drives are under RAID controller. SATA controller is for Optical Drives etc.
There are two drives sda (900GB) and sdb (4.1TB).
# dmraid -r no raid disks # dmraid -s no raid disks
# cat /sys/block/sda/device/raid_level RAID 1(1+0) # cat /sys/block/sdb/device/raid_level RAID 5
Is the raid active?
I think like this. Please correct me if I am wrong:
Hardware raid is supported, but it is not active, as raid disks are not set. Software raid is active. So, RAID 1(1+0) in sda and RAID 5 in sdb.
If I am allowed to ask one more question:
I don't understand how software raid works and I guess its advantage is only for data recovery. As it uses only one disk, it can't do failover or have redundancy etc. right? And also, it seems unnecessary as it will only increase the data size and time.
Please correct me if I am wrong.