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Using iptables is it possible to block fragmented packets with this rule:

iptables -A INPUT -f -j DROP

But there isn't a equivalent in nftables. There is any way to do it?

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  • 2
    For my own curiosity: why do you want to drop them? Commented Apr 22, 2016 at 12:50
  • 1
    Most likely to see what breaks and watch the fires burn... Commented Nov 14, 2016 at 2:50

2 Answers 2

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From Nftables Wiki or just man nft you can use ip frag-off. Now (after a few trials and errors) the 3 flags (reserved, DF, MF) are included in this value at the 3 highest bits and have to be excluded from the test, needing a & operation. So this:

nft 'add rule ip filter input ip frag-off & 0x1fff != 0 drop'

Would do it...

... but when nf_conntrack_ipv4 is loaded (almost always), its specific nf_defrag_ipv4 part registers at hook priority -400, and will reassemble all fragments. That means any processing after won't see any fragment. So your chain has to hook with a priority value lower than that. Here's a complete working example:

nft add table filter
nft 'add chain filter predefrag { type filter hook prerouting priority -450; }'
nft 'add rule ip filter predefrag ip frag-off & 0x1fff != 0 drop'

Arguably the 1st packet is also a fragment with offset 0 but with MF set. So maybe 0x1fff should be replaced with 0x3fff to catch it.

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try:

iptables-translate -A INPUT -f -j DROP

result:

nft add rule ip filter INPUT ip frag-off != 0 counter drop

iptables-translate comme from (on debian Debian 4.9.82-1+deb9u3 (2018-03-02) x86_64 GNU/Linux:

apt install iptables-nftables-compat

https://wiki.nftables.org/wiki-nftables/index.php/Configuring_chains#Base_chain_priority

or nft 'add rule inet filter input ip frag-off 0x4000 counter accept'

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  • today's result of iptables-translate is different (meaning the older translation was wrong): iptables-translate -A INPUT -f -j DROP => nft add rule ip filter INPUT ip frag-off & 0x1fff != 0 counter drop which is what I wrote 1y1/2 before.
    – A.B
    Commented Aug 11, 2020 at 10:58

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