7

Definition from apache.org says:

This directive lets Apache httpd adjust the URL in the Location, Content-Location and URI headers on HTTP redirect responses. This is essential when Apache httpd is used as a reverse proxy (or gateway) to avoid bypassing the reverse proxy because of HTTP redirects on the backend servers which stay behind the reverse proxy.

Only the HTTP response headers specifically mentioned above will be rewritten. Apache httpd will not rewrite other response headers, nor will it by default rewrite URL references inside HTML pages. This means that if the proxied content contains absolute URL references, they will bypass the proxy. To rewrite HTML content to match the proxy, you must load and enable mod_proxy_html.

path is the name of a local virtual path; url is a partial URL for the remote server. These parameters are used the same way as for the ProxyPass directive.

Can someone please explain me how it works. In general what does this directive do?

5

If the server actually handling a request does a redirect to a different URL on that server, the ProxyPassReverse directive rewrites the URL in terms of the reverse proxy server. For example, as noted in the Apache documentation, if:

 http://reverseproxy.com/mirror/foo/bar

is sent (reverse proxied) to

 http://backend.example.com/bar

for handling, but at the backend server it is determined that the correct URL should have been quux, i.e. that the request must be redirected to

 http://backend.example.com/quux

the ProxyPassReverse directive rewrites the URL (at the reverse proxy) to

 http://reverseproxy.com/mirror/foo/quux

before forwarding the HTTP redirect response to the client. This way the client only knows about the reverse proxy server, but can nonetheless make the required request to the correct URL of http://reverseproxy.com/mirror/foo/quux which will then be reverse proxied to the backend server and handled as normal. In short, it just allows the reverse proxy to return correct URI headers on HTTP redirect responses.

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