Here's the setup:

I have a FortiGate unit on a business network, which has a FortiGate VPN set up. Machines on a remote network that can run FortiClient (Windows and Mac machines) have no problem connecting to this VPN. I have been tasked with getting Linux machines to connect to the VPN, which is unsupported by Fortigate.

To try to figure out how, I have an Ubuntu 16.04 machine set up on a remote network, with OpenSwan running trying to connect to a specific tunnel I set up for it on the FortiGate.

The closest I can get it to connecting so far, though, is this:

002 "icms" #1: initiating Aggressive Mode #1, connection "icms"
113 "icms" #1: STATE_AGGR_I1: initiate
003 "icms" #1: received Vendor ID payload [RFC 3947] method set to=115 
003 "icms" #1: received Vendor ID payload [Dead Peer Detection]
003 "icms" #1: received Vendor ID payload [XAUTH]
003 "icms" #1: ignoring unknown Vendor ID payload [8299031757a36082c6a621de0005024d]
002 "icms" #1: Aggressive mode peer ID is ID_IPV4_ADDR: 'a.b.c.d'
003 "icms" #1: no suitable connection for peer 'a.b.c.d'
003 "icms" #1: initial Aggressive Mode packet claiming to be from a.b.c.d on a.b.c.d but no connection has been authorized
002 "icms" #1: sending notification INVALID_ID_INFORMATION to a.b.c.d:500

Where "icms" is the name of the connection, and 'a.b.c.d' is standing in for the public IP of the FortiGate.

My /etc/ipsec.d/icms.conf configuration:

conn icms  

'e.f.g.h' is the IP of the Ubuntu machine.

My /etc/ipsec.d/icms.secrets:

a.b.c.d : PSK "presharedsecret"

Any help or advice at all would be appreciated, and if I can provide any more information please tell me. I have tried multiple configurations of OpenSwan and FortiGate tunnels, to no avail so far.

EDIT 1: the FortiGate config info!

config vpn ipsec phase1-interface
    edit "icms"
        set type static
        set interface "wan1"
        set ip-version 4
        set ike-version 1
        set local-gw
        set nattraversal enable
        set keylife 86400
        set authmethod psk
        set mode aggressive
        set peertype any
        set mode-cfg disable
        set proposal aes128-sha1 aes192-sha256
        set localid "icms"
        set localid-type auto
        set negotiate-timeout 30
        set fragmentation enable
        set dpd enable
        set forticlient-enforcement disable
        set comments "Phase1 to Remote Linux"
        set npu-offload enable
        set dhgrp 14 5
        set wizard-type custom
--More--                  set xauthtype disable
        set mesh-selector-type disable
        set remote-gw '<IP of Ubuntu Machine>'
        set monitor ''
        set add-gw-route disable
        set psksecret ENC <encrypted string>
        set keepalive 10
        set auto-negotiate enable
        set dpd-retrycount 3
        set dpd-retryinterval 5

And the phase2 fortigate config:

config vpn ipsec phase2-interface

edit "@icms"
    set phase1name "icms"
    set proposal aes128-sha1 aes256-sha1 3des-sha1 aes128-sha256 aes256-sha256 3des-sha256
    set pfs disable
    set replay enable
    set keepalive disable
    set auto-negotiate enable
    set keylife-type seconds
    set encapsulation tunnel-mode
    set comments ''
    set protocol 0
    set src-addr-type subnet
    set src-port 0
    set dst-addr-type ip
    set dst-port 0
    set keylifeseconds 43200
    set src-subnet
    set dst-start-ip '<IP of Ubuntu Machine>'

3 Answers 3


If you're not tied to OpenSwan, here's a discussion on how to connect to FortiGate via an IPsec VPN tunnel using the strongSwan client (no DNS, though).

Authentication is done using a preshared key and XAuth.

The relevant configuration from /etc/ipsec.conf:

# Introduction to IPsec: http://www.ipsec-howto.org/x202.html
config setup
  charondebug = "dmn 1, mgr 1, ike 2, chd 1, job 1, cfg 3, knl 2, net 2, lib 1"

conn myConn
  keyexchange = ikev1

  # Cipher used for the key exchange
  # modp3072 is Diffie Hellman group 15. Refer to this for other groups:
  # http://www.omnisecu.com/tcpip/what-is-diffie-hellman-group.php
  ike = aes128-sha256-modp3072
  esp = aes128-sha256-modp3072

  # You'll have to find out whether your FortiGate uses aggressive mode for
  # authentication. If it does, you must set "aggressive = yes" here to
  # connect successfully
  aggressive = yes

  right = 83.xxx.xxx.xx
  #right = vpn.the-vpn-server.com
  rightsubnet =
  rightid = %any
  rightauth = psk

  left = %defaultroute
  leftauth = psk
  leftauth2 = xauth
  # The user name used for authentication
  xauth_identity = "theuser"

  auto = start


# ipsec.secrets - strongSwan IPsec secrets file
: PSK "secret_preshared_key"
: XAUTH "secret_xauth_password"

Create the tunnel using sudo ipsec start --nofork.

Resources about strongSwan:


You can also download an ssl vpn client for Linux from their support site if you have a valid support contract, it may be easier. I have been using it for a few years with differerent versions with no problems.


/ FortiGate/ v5.00/ 5.2/ 5.2.7/ VPN/ SSLVPNTools/

  • The Forticlient VPN (even version 7.0) does NOT support IPSec on linux, which is specifically how I got here. Commented May 5, 2021 at 9:49

I f*cked with this around three days. There is some major issue between openswan and fortigate when IKEv1 is turned on. If you switch openswan to IKEv2 (using ikev2=insist) and fortigate on IKEv2 of course - all works fine.


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