I'm running a Raspbian client connecting via HTTP to a Raspbian server. Apache on server is setup to not require authentication for local IPs- both ip4 and ip6. Both client and server are attached to single FritzBox router.

Client has multiple IPs available:

wlan0     Link encap:Ethernet  HWaddr 80:1f:02:7c:de:8c
      inet addr:  Bcast:  Mask:
      inet6 addr: fe80::821f:2ff:fe7c:de8c/64 Scope:Link
      inet6 addr: 2a02:8108:xxxx:xxxx:xxxx:xxxx:xxxx:8a0a/64 Scope:Global
      RX packets:389873 errors:0 dropped:1009 overruns:0 frame:0
      TX packets:265130 errors:0 dropped:1 overruns:0 carrier:0
      collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000
      RX bytes:186117464 (177.4 MiB)  TX bytes:35864729 (34.2 MiB)

Server's Apache access log shows that client uses 2a02:8108... which is not in the allowed local IP range.

Why does the client chose a global IP for connecting inside the local subnet and how can this be influenced?


Both server and client are in the same local network and both have link-local addresses:


eth0      Link encap:Ethernet  HWaddr b8:27:eb:a9:e8:80
      inet addr:  Bcast:  Mask:
      inet6 addr: fe80::3e43:e197:e064:1be8/64 Scope:Link
      inet6 addr: 2a02:8108:9c40:...:1192/64 Scope:Global


eth0      Link encap:Ethernet  HWaddr b8:27:eb:50:df:c6
      inet addr:  Bcast:  Mask:
      inet6 addr: fe80::ba27:ebff:fe50:dfc6/64 Scope:Link
      inet6 addr: 2a02:8108:9c40:...:dfc6/64 Scope:Global

server apache log

2a02:8108:9c40:...:1dcd:8339 - - [11/Dec/2016:13:30:30 +0000] "GET /middleware.php/capabilities/definitions.json HTTP/1.1" 401 387 "http://keller.fritz.box/frontend/" "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; WOW64; rv:50.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/50.0"
  • Please explain the downvote when both machines have link-local addresses?
    – andig
    Dec 16 '16 at 10:54

The address selection algorithm is described in https://www.rfc-editor.org/rfc/rfc6724.

Unless the address of the server is a link-local address (fe80:...) then the client is correct in using its global scope address as the source address. It won't use a link-local source address with a global destination.

Take a look at the examples in https://www.rfc-editor.org/rfc/rfc6724#section-10.1. They seem to exactly match your situation.

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