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What's the best way to install postgres-server 9.6 on Amazon Linux without building from source? I tried running rpm -i https://download.postgresql.org/pub/repos/yum/9.6/redhat/rhel-6-x86_64/pgdg-ami201503-96-9.6-2.noarch.rpm to install the version listed on https://yum.postgresql.org/repopackages.php, and it installed without errors, but I still don't have service postgresql, or psql, or a postgres user. What did I miss?

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You have installed the repository that makes PostgreSQL packages available (check /etc/yum.repos.d). Now you can do yum update and actually install the DB with yum install postgresql96-server.

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    Quite likely you'll need to do that as root: sudo rpm -i download.postgresql.org/pub/repos/yum/9.6/redhat/rhel-6-x86_64/… – Vic Jul 23 '17 at 21:54
  • @Vic: That's quite clearly not the problem. – Sven Jul 23 '17 at 21:59
  • Your answer is correct though, as I followed along, I needed to be root. It was the problem for me, and then your instructions were applicable. – Vic Jul 23 '17 at 22:54
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Based on Sven's answer (with Vic's comment), you should:

  1. Include the official PostgreSQL 9.6 RPM package file

    sudo rpm -i https://download.postgresql.org/pub/repos/yum/9.6/redhat/rhel-6-x86_64/pgdg-ami201503-96-9.6-2.noarch.rpm

  2. Install the needed Postgresql 9.6 packages using yum

    sudo yum install postgresql96-server.x86_64

    This would allow you to install a PostgreSQL server and create a postgres user. However, since you've also wanted to install the command line tools for postgres, you will need...

    sudo yum install postgresql96.x86_64 postgresql96-libs.x86_64

    Which installs psql, pg_dump, and other command line tools.

I know it is too late but I hope that helps anyone who might stumble on this kind of problem.

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