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I am setting up a Django project in production. But I'm dealing with a weird permission issue. Before all, this is the structure of my project:

project

  • project

    • settings.py
    • urls.py
    • wsgi.py
    • ...
    • apps
      • app1
      • app2
      • app3
  • logs

  • static
  • ...

When deploying it, the site won't run unless www-data is user owner or group owner of project/project/apps (recursive) wether it's 775 or 550 permission. It has an HTTP 500 error

Weirdly, when I change permission to 777, and remove all ownership from www-data, I still have the same HTTP 500 error.

The usual error is an ImportError. It cannot import some modules/apps.

Now my question is why is that? At least with permission 777, it should run as www-data would anyway have full permissions on the folder project/project/apps

It looks as if Apache (www-data) just want to own the folder (whether it's at group level or user level)

How do you set permissions on django project folders when you deploy with Apache?

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First thing HTTP 500 error is a common error can be caused by many factor, I doubt if it is a permission issue as then it might have 403 forbidden error. Can you please add error log into the question.

Import error comes into role in python/django when your file is unable to import some other file or application. This might also cause when the working directory of a python program is incompatible with the other files imported inside the project.

Like if i have a file in src/common/libraries/a.py and a file in src/common/helpers/a_helper.py

and in a.py from src.common.helper.a_helper import *

When i run above a.py from mypro/src/common/libraries it will show an import error while running the same program from mypro/ directory will run the program successfully.

The Django documentation is quite useful read this : https://docs.djangoproject.com/en/1.10/howto/deployment/wsgi/modwsgi/

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