I have my site set up like this:

RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} !^www\.example\.com
RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} ([^.]+)\.example\.com [NC]
RewriteRule ^/?$ /user/profile.php?name=%1 [L]

What this does is if user visits: test.example.com, it will show contents of file: example.com/user/profile.php?name=test. If someone goes to lol.example.com, it will show page: example.com/user/profile.php?name=lol but the URL will remain the same with the subdomain, like test.example.com and lol.example.com.

That part is working.


If I go to test.example.com/login, it will show my domain root file. How can I make it so that it will show things from the /user folder?

For example:

  • test.example.com/login will show example.com/user/login and test.example.com/register will show example.com/user/register but the URL will remain the same with the subdomain?

  • test.example.com/pathtofile should get the contents of example.com/user/pathtofile. "pathtofile" should be dynamic. I just want the path to look in the folder /user, not the root folder.

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if someone goes to lol.example.com, it will show page: example.com/user/profile.php?name=lol.

Strictly speaking, it will show the page: lol.example.com/user/profile.php?name=lol (the subdomain is not removed). But since (I assume) all the subdomains and main domain point to the same place on the filesystem, it works.

test.example.com/pathtofile should get the contents of example.com/user/pathtofile

Your original directive only rewrites a request for the document root (test.example.com/). To rewrite /pathtofile then you can add another rule block after the above in .htaccess. For example:

RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} !^www\.example\.com
RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} [^.]+\.example\.com [NC]
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI} ^/([^/]+)$
RewriteRule !^user/ /user/%1 [L]

This rewrites all requests that don't already start /user/ and that consist of just a single (non-zero length) path segment, as in your example (eg. /pathtofile and not /path/to/file), and rewrites to /user/pathtofile.

UPDATE: If you have an ErrorDocument defined then you will need to make an exception earlier in your `.htaccess file to prevent subrequests for the error document from being rewritten. For example:

RewriteRule ^404\.php$ - [L]
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  • awesome, thats what i needed! also, why is there no 404 error? i have ErrorDocument 404 /404.php in my .htaccess but it applies to all other pages except for subdomain.example.com/pathtofile if its a 404. EDIT: now it is redirecting everything from that is NOT a subdomain to /user/{page}. how can i make it so that it only looks in the folder "user" if it is a subdomain? – baileyJchoi Mar 30 '17 at 20:32
  • Ah yes, you will need to add the two conditions you had in your first rule block that check for the subdomain. You will need to add an exception for your ErrorDocument URL, to prevent this from being rewritten. Note that this rewrites everything eg. /<anything> to /user/<anything>. I've updated my answer. – MrWhite Mar 30 '17 at 20:54

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