http://MY_IP/phpmyadmin brings me to download a 19kb PHP file on an Ubuntu environment with Nginx 1.10.3 and php-7-fpm.

After installing Nginx with apt-get install nginx mysql-server php-fpm php-mysql -y I did this:

sed -i 's/;cgi.fix_pathinfo=1/cgi.fix_pathinfo=0/g' /etc/php/7.0/fpm/php.ini
sed -i 's/index index.html index.htm/index index.php index.html index.htm/g' /etc/nginx/nginx.conf
/etc/init.d/php7.0-fpm restart # MBP.
systemctl restart nginx # http://ip_address.

I than installed PMA:

cd /var/www/html
wget https://www.phpmyadmin.net/downloads/phpMyAdmin-latest-all-languages.zip
find /var/www/html -type f -iname '*phpmyadmin*.zip' -exec unzip {} \;
find /var/www/html -type d -iname 'phpmyadmin-*' -exec mv {} phpmyadmin \;
ln -s /usr/share/phpmyadmin /usr/share/nginx/html

I then navigated to http://myIpAddress/phpmyadmin and got the downloading suggestion.

nginx -t brings:

nginx: the configuration file /etc/nginx/nginx.conf syntax is ok

nginx: configuration file /etc/nginx/nginx.conf test is successful

No errors in tail /var/log/nginx/access.log.

A few errors do came when I did tail /var/log/nginx/error.log:

2017/08/09 18:50:44 [error] 1424#1424: *1 directory index of "/var/www/html/phpmyadmin/" is forbidden, client:, server: _, request: "GET /phpmyadmin/ HTTP/1.1", host: ""

2017/08/09 18:57:12 [error] 1424#1424: *3 directory index of "/var/www/html/phpmyadmin/" is forbidden, client:, server: _, request: "GET /phpmyadmin/ HTTP/1.

It led me to think this is a permissions issue, so I ran:

chown www-data /var/www/html/ -R && chgrp www-data /var/www/html/ -R
find /var/www/html/* -type d -exec chmod 755 {} \; && find /var/www/html/* -type f -exec chmod 644 {} \;

Yet, it didn't help.

  • It doesn't do with clearing with browser cache, in this case.
  • I believe the problem is php-fpm related.

What else can cause this? As a freshman I don't know what else to check. I checked all logs I know. I will keep researching this but any advice would be valuable.


Here's my Nginx configuration at /etc/nginx/sites-available/default.conf. Non code rows excluded:

server {

listen 80 default_server;
listen [::]:80 default_server;
listen 443 ssl http2 default_server;
listen [::]:443 ssl http2 default_server;

root /var/www/html;

index index.php index.html index.htm index.nginx-debian.html;

server_name _;

location / {
    try_files $uri $uri/ =404;

location ~ \.php$ {
    fastcgi_pass unix:/run/php/php7.0-fpm.sock;
    include snippets/fastcgi-php.conf;

location ~ /\.ht {
    deny all;

location ~* \.(gif|jpg|png)$ {
    expires 30d;


  • What is your nginx configuration? – Tero Kilkanen Aug 9 '17 at 19:49
  • I just added it. – JohnDoea Aug 9 '17 at 19:57
  • 1
    You haven't configured Nginx to send requests to PHP. – Tim Aug 9 '17 at 20:01
  • @Tim I updated my code example. I seem to have did it now and I also tried to change server_name _; to myIpAddress _;. After both cases I restarted the server with systemctl restart nginx.service. No change. – JohnDoea Aug 9 '17 at 21:51
  • You really need to read a good tutorial. This is typically a trivial exercise. Check your Nginx logs, check your php-fpm logs. Try using a TCP socket rather than a unix socket. – Tim Aug 9 '17 at 22:10

Thanks to hints by Tim I found my problem: I haven't configured a TCP socket.

If found some guides on this particular issue and synthesized a solution from reading them.

This guide helped me the most. These QA sessions also helped: [1], [2].

Here's how I solved it exactly:

In /etc/php/7.0/fpm/pool.d I changed:

listen = /run/php/php7.0-fpm.sock


listen =

I also changed, accordingly, in /etc/nginx/sites-available/default, from:

location ~ \.php$ {
    include snippets/fastcgi-php.conf;
    fastcgi_pass unix:/run/php/php7.0-fpm.sock;



location ~ \.php$ {
    include snippets/fastcgi-php.conf;

I than allowed port 9000 in CSF-LFD in csf.conf (if your are not using CSF-LFD this is irrelevant to you but you're most probably using another Intrusion Prevention Software (IPS):

# Allow incoming TCP ports (added 9000 to TCP_IN).
# Allow outgoing TCP ports (added 9000 to TCP_OUT).

After that, I restarted PHP-FPM and Nginx:

/etc/init.d/php7.0-fpm restart
systemctl restart nginx

Then I managed to access PHPmyadmin from a browser (I also had to install mbstring for my PHPversion for that, via apt-get install php7.0-mbsting).

  • You might also need to clear your browsers cache.

That's basically it.


If after all, you couldn't upload a database file via PHPmyadmin, even though you did:

sed -i 's/post_max_size \= .M/post_max_size \= 200M/g' /etc/php/7.0/fpm/php.ini # regex dot instead any default character.
sed -i 's/upload_max_filesize \= .M/upload_max_filesize \= 200M/g' /etc/php/7.0/fpm/php.ini

Add the following row to default.conf (say, to the very end of the block, before the closing brace):

server {
    client_max_body_size 200M;
  • 1
    Good that you worked it out. Unix sockets are a valid way to do things, but sometimes trying TCP sockets is worth a shot. – Tim Aug 11 '17 at 3:49

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