The goal/responsibility of VsHub.exe is explained by someone from Microsoft here: https://stackoverflow.com/a/33153720/223837.
[...] the VS Hub is an out-of-proc services host that Visual Studio
(and other VS shell-based products such as Blend) use in order to
support multi-tool communication, better responsiveness within devenv
(VS), and enable certain services to extend past the lifetime of the
My guess is that, at least on a system where you only have SQL Server Management Studio, you cannot uninstall it. (Although you might be able to disable it using the many links you already found, since you wrote "I've seen people asking how to disable it".)
I don't know what is in your log file, since the file you uploaded to filedropper.com has since expired. But we are seeing VsHub\HubController temp files as well, and in our case it is continuously logging exceptions saying that
StartHttpService : Error : Failed to bind to port 49171. (For different port numbers.) And I see the same in a Windows 10 forum thread "Windows 10 loses some internet and browser connectivity about 24 hours after reboot" (https://answers.microsoft.com/en-us/windows/forum/windows_10-networking/windows-10-loses-some-internet-and-browser/6b3a55c9-d180-4d8e-9003-770522db719d?auth=1). So the cause seems to be that TCP ports are exhausted.
Finally, about a potential fix: that same thread, in the October 17, 2017 response by user pasllc, points to a BizTalk-related article entitled "Avoiding TCP/IP Port Exhaustion" (https://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/aa560610). That article talks about setting 2 registry keys (TcpTimedWaitDelay and MaxUserPort), and the thread response talks also about setting a third (TcpMaxDataRetransmissions).