I'm having some trouble thinking outside IPv4 and to find out what is the best way to (fully) enable IPv6 in our small company network.
(Motivation: gather knowledge, make port forwarding obsolete, long run IPv6 only)
I think I'll start with describing our current network setup (If I'm missing something essential here, please feel free to ask; subnets and name are fictional):
Router: FritzBox 7590 (internal DHCP deactivated) IPv4: 192.168.12.250
DHCP & DNS 1: Windows 2012 Server IPv4: 192.168.12.5
DHCP & DNS 2: Windows 2012 Server IPv4: 192.168.12.15
DHCP Range: 192.168.12.100 - 192.168.12.200 Some reserved IPs for devices which have A record in the DNS Server. Some internal servers which have fixed IPs and an A record in the DNS Server.
Webserver: 192.168.12.60 Port forwarding to Port 443 is configured in Router, external domain on something like interal.company.com (dynamic DNS with http://www.nsupdate.info)
The DNS domain is something like company.local
Where I am now
I think it's a rather small setup, so I thought enabling v6 shouldn't be that hard.
We get a (non-static) IPv6 address from our internet provider: 2003:e4:feef:feef:e228:6dff:fe6f:56ff
And a IPv6 prefix. 2003:e4:ffff:ffff::/56
After enabling v6 on my machine and the router I ran into the first problem: DNS requests to internal hosts couldn't be resolved.
This was because the router announced external IPv6 DNS servers which were prefered by my DNS client. To resolve the issue I enabled IPv6 on one of the DNS servers, took the Link Local Unicast address, and configured it as static IPv6 address. (DNS 1: fe80::893:c9d6:bb08:f46) I configured this address as IPv6 DNS server in the router.
This fixed the issue, but I'm not shure how to preceed.
- Why is the router IPv6 address outside our IPv6 prefix?
- Should I be using a Unique Local Unicast address instead of the Link Local address for the DNS server(s)?
- What would be a sufficient distribution scheme for local v6 addresses?
- Shall I enter prefixed or local addresses into the DNS database? If prefixed - how are they changed when the prefix changes?
- For the webserver: Should it have a fixed address after the prefix so my external dynamic DNS provider (nsupdate.info) can be updated by the router? How do I accomplish that?
- What to to with the reserved addresses which have DNS records, how do I transition these to v6?
- I didn't mention we are also running an Active Directory domain. Does this change anything?
Thank you very much for reading!