It is good to see a provider worrying about these issues. There is no issue with a mail server sending mail for other domains providing the appropriate SPF configuration is done. While it is a good idea for your clients to have a sub-domain dedicated to the mailing list, it is not necessary for them to delegate it to your server. It could just be a base for the SPF, DKIM and DMARC records.
SPF can be handled by including your SFP record in their SPF record. This will allow them to send from your IP address. You may need to create a subdomain to contain an SFP record suitable for delegation as you should only include IP addresses in that record. (See how google.com and other large providers handle theirs.) This approach is well documented.
DKIM and DMARC will be difficult if your mail servers are not the only ones sending for their domain. If possible, it is possible to have them delegate the
_dmarc subdomains to your mail servers. You will need to configure the appropriate zones, but they can all use the same zone definitions.
It may be possible to handle DKIM by having them CNAME the
_domainkey subdomain to yours. You will need to sign using their domain and your keys. It gets trickier if the client send mail with other servers. You may need to get them to publish your public key or provide keys for you to use.
It may be possible tho handle DMARC by having them CNAME the
_dmarc subdomain to yours. This will result in your policy applying to your domain. Also you will get all the reports. Alternatively, you can provide them assistance in setting up their own policy.