I am trying to understand what I guess is called a balanced memory configuration. For the newest cpu's from Intel at this point in time, January 2018 which are for example Xeon 8180 and Xeon 6154, how many DIMMS per CPU socket should be used to get the best memory performance?
For a server board having say 4 Intel 6154 cpus, there is a choice of going with either RDIMM or LRDIMM... which I do not know if that warrants extra discussion but for now using RDIMMS because of pricing and I do not need more than 768GB of system RAM,
For the RDIMM choice there is 8gb or 16gb or 32gb per DIMM, there are 12 memory sockets per cpu socket so 48 sockets total on the board allowing for a maximum of 768 GB of RAM for the Xeon 6154 or 8180,
Note: maximum memory supported by 8180 or 6154 is 768gb per intel spec sheet, I am not sure if that is per CPU or total of the system. If more than that is needed then there is Xeon 8180m and 6154m which supports up to 1.5TB and again not sure if that is 1.5tb for just that cpu but anyway that is above and beyond what I need or am asking,
My question is, for the choice I make on getting a server(s) which I want to have N amount of RAM each which would be either at least 192GB, 256gb, 384gb, 512gb, 640gb, or 768gb...
- how would I know the minimum amount of RAM that should be in the system?
- choosing either 8gb DIMMs or 16 gb DIMMS affects (1.) obviously but for arguments sake let's say I want the server to have either 256gb or 384gb of system RAM? Why should I choose what size RDIMM and how should I populate the 48 memory slots so I have best memory performance? I have come across articles talking about reduced memory performance of X % and it being really bad if you mess up how you populate the memory slots.
- for something like the Xeon 6154 or 8180 should there be 6 DIMMS installed per CPU socket for best memory performance, bandwidth... etc. ? Or can there be just 2 DIMMS per CPU socket? I ask because there is mention of something about max # memory channels = 6 and this is the question I am really looking to an answer for. How bad is having 1 or 2 DIMMS per CPU vs 6 DIMMs per CPU?
- And what affect is there if 2, 3, 4, 6, 8 DIMMS per CPU socket are installed, resulting in whatever multiple of 8 or 16 of total system RAM between 192gb and 768gb?