2

In centos 7 I want to block traffic from a source IP (example 3.3.3.3) and for that I apply the following rule:

# firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=drop --add-source=3.3.3.0/24
# firewall-cmd --reload

After that command I checked that my rule applies by:

firewall-cmd --list-all --zone=drop
drop (active)
  target: DROP
  icmp-block-inversion: no
  interfaces: 
  sources: 3.3.3.0/24
  services: 
  ports: 
  protocols: 
  masquerade: no
  forward-ports: 
  source-ports: 
  icmp-blocks: 
  rich rules: 

Here you can see the output of all the other active rules:

firewall-cmd --list-all --zone=public
public (active)
  target: default
  icmp-block-inversion: no
  interfaces: eno4
  sources: 
  services: dhcpv6-client ssh
  ports: 5060/udp 16384-32768/udp
  protocols: 
  masquerade: no
  forward-ports: 
  source-ports: 
  icmp-blocks: 
  rich rules:

firewall-cmd --list-all --zone=internal
internal (active)
  target: default
  icmp-block-inversion: no
  interfaces: eno1
  sources: 
  services: mdns dhcpv6-client samba-client ssh
  ports: 80/tcp 60024/tcp 5080/udp 8080/tcp 5060/tcp 161/udp 5080/tcp 5060/udp 16384-32768/udp
  protocols: 
  masquerade: no
  forward-ports: 
  source-ports: 
  icmp-blocks: 
  rich rules: 

In the route table the public zone is listed in that one which routes traffic for 3.3.3.0/24.

ip route
default via 1.1.1.1 dev eno4 
10.1.1.0/24 via 10.1.1.1 dev eno1 

So that rule is applying, but I still get traffic (UDP) from this source IP on a listen Port (5060) on my centos machine. What is wrong with my rule?

UPDATE as Michael mentioned there is an output of iptables -nvL

iptables -nvL
Chain INPUT (policy ACCEPT 0 packets, 0 bytes)
 pkts bytes target     prot opt in     out     source               destination         
  46M   33G ACCEPT     all  --  *      *       0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0            ctstate RELATED,ESTABLISHED
53342 3122K ACCEPT     all  --  lo     *       0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0           
 315K   35M INPUT_direct  all  --  *      *       0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0           
 315K   35M INPUT_ZONES_SOURCE  all  --  *      *       0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0           
 315K   35M INPUT_ZONES  all  --  *      *       0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0           
   85  3916 DROP       all  --  *      *       0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0            ctstate INVALID
 1908 87293 REJECT     all  --  *      *       0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0            reject-with icmp-host-prohibited

Chain FORWARD (policy ACCEPT 0 packets, 0 bytes)
 pkts bytes target     prot opt in     out     source               destination         
    0     0 ACCEPT     all  --  *      *       0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0            ctstate RELATED,ESTABLISHED
    0     0 ACCEPT     all  --  lo     *       0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0           
    0     0 FORWARD_direct  all  --  *      *       0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0           
    0     0 FORWARD_IN_ZONES_SOURCE  all  --  *      *       0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0           
    0     0 FORWARD_IN_ZONES  all  --  *      *       0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0           
    0     0 FORWARD_OUT_ZONES_SOURCE  all  --  *      *       0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0           
    0     0 FORWARD_OUT_ZONES  all  --  *      *       0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0           
    0     0 DROP       all  --  *      *       0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0            ctstate INVALID
    0     0 REJECT     all  --  *      *       0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0            reject-with icmp-host-prohibited

Chain OUTPUT (policy ACCEPT 46M packets, 21G bytes)
 pkts bytes target     prot opt in     out     source               destination         
  46M   21G OUTPUT_direct  all  --  *      *       0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0           

Chain FORWARD_IN_ZONES (1 references)
 pkts bytes target     prot opt in     out     source               destination         
    0     0 FWDI_public  all  --  eno4   *       0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0           [goto] 
    0     0 FWDI_internal  all  --  eno1   *       0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0           [goto] 
    0     0 FWDI_public  all  --  +      *       0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0           [goto] 

Chain FORWARD_IN_ZONES_SOURCE (1 references)
 pkts bytes target     prot opt in     out     source               destination         
    0     0 FWDI_drop  all  --  *      *       3.3.3.0/24       0.0.0.0/0           
    0     0 FWDI_drop  all  --  *      *       3.3.3.0/24       0.0.0.0/0           

Chain FORWARD_OUT_ZONES (1 references)
 pkts bytes target     prot opt in     out     source               destination         
    0     0 FWDO_public  all  --  *      eno4    0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0           [goto] 
    0     0 FWDO_internal  all  --  *      eno1    0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0           [goto] 
    0     0 FWDO_public  all  --  *      +       0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0           [goto] 

Chain FORWARD_OUT_ZONES_SOURCE (1 references)
 pkts bytes target     prot opt in     out     source               destination         
    0     0 FWDO_drop  all  --  *      *       0.0.0.0/0            3.3.3.0/24      
    0     0 FWDO_drop  all  --  *      *       0.0.0.0/0            3.3.3.0/24      

Chain FORWARD_direct (1 references)
 pkts bytes target     prot opt in     out     source               destination         

Chain FWDI_drop (2 references)
 pkts bytes target     prot opt in     out     source               destination         
    0     0 FWDI_drop_log  all  --  *      *       0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0           
    0     0 FWDI_drop_deny  all  --  *      *       0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0           
    0     0 FWDI_drop_allow  all  --  *      *       0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0           
    0     0 DROP       all  --  *      *       0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0           

Chain FWDI_drop_allow (1 references)
 pkts bytes target     prot opt in     out     source               destination         

Chain FWDI_drop_deny (1 references)
 pkts bytes target     prot opt in     out     source               destination         

Chain FWDI_drop_log (1 references)
 pkts bytes target     prot opt in     out     source               destination         

Chain FWDI_internal (1 references)
 pkts bytes target     prot opt in     out     source               destination         
    0     0 FWDI_internal_log  all  --  *      *       0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0           
    0     0 FWDI_internal_deny  all  --  *      *       0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0           
    0     0 FWDI_internal_allow  all  --  *      *       0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0           
    0     0 ACCEPT     icmp --  *      *       0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0           

Chain FWDI_internal_allow (1 references)
 pkts bytes target     prot opt in     out     source               destination         

Chain FWDI_internal_deny (1 references)
 pkts bytes target     prot opt in     out     source               destination         

Chain FWDI_internal_log (1 references)
 pkts bytes target     prot opt in     out     source               destination         

Chain FWDI_public (2 references)
 pkts bytes target     prot opt in     out     source               destination         
    0     0 FWDI_public_log  all  --  *      *       0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0           
    0     0 FWDI_public_deny  all  --  *      *       0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0           
    0     0 FWDI_public_allow  all  --  *      *       0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0           
    0     0 ACCEPT     icmp --  *      *       0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0           

Chain FWDI_public_allow (1 references)
 pkts bytes target     prot opt in     out     source               destination         

Chain FWDI_public_deny (1 references)
 pkts bytes target     prot opt in     out     source               destination         

Chain FWDI_public_log (1 references)
 pkts bytes target     prot opt in     out     source               destination         

Chain FWDO_drop (2 references)
 pkts bytes target     prot opt in     out     source               destination         
    0     0 FWDO_drop_log  all  --  *      *       0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0           
    0     0 FWDO_drop_deny  all  --  *      *       0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0           
    0     0 FWDO_drop_allow  all  --  *      *       0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0           
    0     0 DROP       all  --  *      *       0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0           

Chain FWDO_drop_allow (1 references)
 pkts bytes target     prot opt in     out     source               destination         

Chain FWDO_drop_deny (1 references)
 pkts bytes target     prot opt in     out     source               destination         

Chain FWDO_drop_log (1 references)
 pkts bytes target     prot opt in     out     source               destination         

Chain FWDO_internal (1 references)
 pkts bytes target     prot opt in     out     source               destination         
    0     0 FWDO_internal_log  all  --  *      *       0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0           
    0     0 FWDO_internal_deny  all  --  *      *       0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0           
    0     0 FWDO_internal_allow  all  --  *      *       0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0           

Chain FWDO_internal_allow (1 references)
 pkts bytes target     prot opt in     out     source               destination         

Chain FWDO_internal_deny (1 references)
 pkts bytes target     prot opt in     out     source               destination         

Chain FWDO_internal_log (1 references)
 pkts bytes target     prot opt in     out     source               destination         

Chain FWDO_public (2 references)
 pkts bytes target     prot opt in     out     source               destination         
    0     0 FWDO_public_log  all  --  *      *       0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0           
    0     0 FWDO_public_deny  all  --  *      *       0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0           
    0     0 FWDO_public_allow  all  --  *      *       0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0           

Chain FWDO_public_allow (1 references)
 pkts bytes target     prot opt in     out     source               destination         

Chain FWDO_public_deny (1 references)
 pkts bytes target     prot opt in     out     source               destination         

Chain FWDO_public_log (1 references)
 pkts bytes target     prot opt in     out     source               destination         

Chain INPUT_ZONES (1 references)
 pkts bytes target     prot opt in     out     source               destination         
 272K   32M IN_public  all  --  eno4   *       0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0           [goto] 
42964 2736K IN_internal  all  --  eno1   *       0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0           [goto] 
    0     0 IN_public  all  --  +      *       0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0           [goto] 

Chain INPUT_ZONES_SOURCE (1 references)
 pkts bytes target     prot opt in     out     source               destination         
    0     0 IN_drop    all  --  *      *       3.3.3.0/24       0.0.0.0/0           
    0     0 IN_drop    all  --  *      *       3.3.3.0/24       0.0.0.0/0           

Chain INPUT_direct (1 references)
 pkts bytes target     prot opt in     out     source               destination         

Chain IN_drop (2 references)
 pkts bytes target     prot opt in     out     source               destination         
    0     0 IN_drop_log  all  --  *      *       0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0           
    0     0 IN_drop_deny  all  --  *      *       0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0           
    0     0 IN_drop_allow  all  --  *      *       0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0           
    0     0 DROP       all  --  *      *       0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0           

Chain IN_drop_allow (1 references)
 pkts bytes target     prot opt in     out     source               destination         

Chain IN_drop_deny (1 references)
 pkts bytes target     prot opt in     out     source               destination         

Chain IN_drop_log (1 references)
 pkts bytes target     prot opt in     out     source               destination         

Chain IN_internal (1 references)
 pkts bytes target     prot opt in     out     source               destination         
42964 2736K IN_internal_log  all  --  *      *       0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0           
42964 2736K IN_internal_deny  all  --  *      *       0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0           
42964 2736K IN_internal_allow  all  --  *      *       0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0           
    0     0 ACCEPT     icmp --  *      *       0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0           

Chain IN_internal_allow (1 references)
 pkts bytes target     prot opt in     out     source               destination         
    0     0 ACCEPT     udp  --  *      *       0.0.0.0/0            224.0.0.251          udp dpt:5353 ctstate NEW
  201 15678 ACCEPT     udp  --  *      *       0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0            udp dpt:137 ctstate NEW
  627  144K ACCEPT     udp  --  *      *       0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0            udp dpt:138 ctstate NEW
    0     0 ACCEPT     tcp  --  *      *       0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0            tcp dpt:22 ctstate NEW
  969 50388 ACCEPT     tcp  --  *      *       0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0            tcp dpt:80 ctstate NEW
39727 2400K ACCEPT     tcp  --  *      *       0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0            tcp dpt:60024 ctstate NEW
    7  4458 ACCEPT     udp  --  *      *       0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0            udp dpt:5080 ctstate NEW
    0     0 ACCEPT     tcp  --  *      *       0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0            tcp dpt:8080 ctstate NEW
    0     0 ACCEPT     tcp  --  *      *       0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0            tcp dpt:5060 ctstate NEW
 1252 90788 ACCEPT     udp  --  *      *       0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0            udp dpt:161 ctstate NEW
    0     0 ACCEPT     tcp  --  *      *       0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0            tcp dpt:5080 ctstate NEW
    0     0 ACCEPT     udp  --  *      *       0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0            udp dpt:5060 ctstate NEW
  140 28000 ACCEPT     udp  --  *      *       0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0            udp dpts:16384:32768 ctstate NEW

Chain IN_internal_deny (1 references)
 pkts bytes target     prot opt in     out     source               destination         

Chain IN_internal_log (1 references)
 pkts bytes target     prot opt in     out     source               destination         

Chain IN_public (2 references)
 pkts bytes target     prot opt in     out     source               destination         
 272K   32M IN_public_log  all  --  *      *       0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0           
 272K   32M IN_public_deny  all  --  *      *       0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0           
 272K   32M IN_public_allow  all  --  *      *       0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0           
    5   196 ACCEPT     icmp --  *      *       0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0           

Chain IN_public_allow (1 references)
 pkts bytes target     prot opt in     out     source               destination         
 1184 70012 ACCEPT     tcp  --  *      *       0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0            tcp dpt:22 ctstate NEW
  388  271K ACCEPT     udp  --  *      *       0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0            udp dpt:5060 ctstate NEW
 268K   31M ACCEPT     udp  --  *      *       0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0            udp dpts:16384:32768 ctstate NEW

Chain IN_public_deny (1 references)
 pkts bytes target     prot opt in     out     source               destination         
    0     0 REJECT     all  --  *      *       3.3.3.0/24       0.0.0.0/0            reject-with icmp-port-unreachable
    0     0 REJECT     all  --  *      *       3.3.3.0/24       0.0.0.0/0            reject-with icmp-port-unreachable

Chain IN_public_log (1 references)
 pkts bytes target     prot opt in     out     source               destination         

Chain OUTPUT_direct (1 references)
 pkts bytes target     prot opt in     out     source               destination    

UPDATE In the following ladder diagram (sngrep) you can see that the Option Ping (5060) is answered by my application so the firewall rule did not affect.

enter image description here

UPDATE 2 The error occurs again, and now I reload the filter rule and the IP isn't apply to the drop list. I figure out that the issue occurs if the Interface has traffic load. After shutdown the server and restart the rule is applied. But I need a way to apply a drop rule also if the server has load.

  • 1
    The firewall looks right. Are you sure the IP address of the traffic is within that network? You seem to have used fake information, and we always recommend you do not obfuscate such things. – Michael Hampton Feb 19 '18 at 19:04
  • The traffic comes from eno4 interface but the drop zone do not have a interface, is this the issue? The eno4 interface is that one who get the traffic for 3.3.3.0/24 – kockiren Feb 19 '18 at 19:07
  • The interface is irrelevant when you set a source. That will always override a zone with an interface. Again, you should avoid obfuscating important information like IP addresses. – Michael Hampton Feb 19 '18 at 19:08
  • That was the sentence I realise also but the IP did not block anyway and I do not know why – kockiren Feb 19 '18 at 20:15
  • @MichaelHampton: for not obfuscating my IP Address I create a new scenario with a different IP, but for that IP it works. So the issue is related to the original used IP Address. I try to revert all the firewall rules to zero and create that rule again. – kockiren Feb 20 '18 at 7:53
1

I had the same/similar issues. After hours of troubleshooting, I have the following observations.

The order of the iptables rule chain (for 'public' zone) is:

IN_public_log 
IN_public_deny
IN_public_allow

Which means that 'deny' rules are processed before 'allow' rules - so this is significant in understanding what order the rules are matched. I don't know whether this order can be changed.

I came across the same issue in that issuing a firewalld-cmd --reload did not seem to impact whether the SIP packets gets dropped or accepted, but a reboot resolved it.

However, I found the firewalld-cmd --complete-reload command and that seems to be working better - although I think this will drop any existing sessions. But at least I can get the firewalld rules changed and not have to reboot to get it to fully/properly apply.

I have also noticed that sngrep still seem to be able to capture and display the SIP message even though it is blocked, but it shows it with a msg count of 1 and there is no response message (because it was actually blocked).

UPDATE: I understand sngrep (since 0.1.0) uses libpcap - see https://github.com/irontec/sngrep/wiki. According to this post libpcap process the (inbound) packets before they get process by the 'firewall'. I assume 'firewall' in this case can also mean firewalld. See Will tcpdump see packets that are being dropped by iptables?

Note: CentOS 7 seems to come with firewalld version 0.4.4.4. The latest is 0.6.0, but I don't know how to upgrade it yet. I'm hoping the newer versions may resolve/fix the above issues.

0

Your interface is not in the zone drop so your rule won't apply.

What you need is this (assuming that your zone is public)

firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=public --add-rich-rule='rule family=ipv4 source address=3.3.3.0/24 reject'

Restart firewalld

You can see your rule via:

firewall-cmd --list-rich-rules

  • In the centos documentation I read to use drop zone is most common way for blocking IP's but I try your way to and it also don't work. – kockiren Feb 19 '18 at 18:21
  • Zone is referring to the zone where you want the rule to apply. It doesn't mean that you use the code zone=drop. You also don't need to do anything with iptables as you already have firewalld running. As you have tried my command, what do you get from firewall-cmd --list-rich-rules? Have you restarted the firewalld service? – Nasir Riley Feb 19 '18 at 19:24
  • firewall-cmd --list-rich-rules rule family="ipv4" source address="3.3.3.0/24" reject – kockiren Feb 19 '18 at 19:28
  • I read about both ways, that one with drop rule and your way but both do not work – kockiren Feb 19 '18 at 19:29
  • Run this command: firewall-cmd -- get-zone-of-interface=eno4. You need to apply your rule to the zone containing your desired interface. – Nasir Riley Feb 19 '18 at 19:36
0

While trying to get the rule working I create the block rule in two different ways. The first way was to put the IP in the drop zone with:

firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=drop --add-source=3.3.3.0/24

and forget the reload command, so the rule didn't apply, next I create this entry to the firewall.

firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=public --add-rich-rule='rule family=ipv4 source address=3.3.3.0/24 reject'

And the I can't get the rule working with both entries in the firewall. After clear the firewall from all entries relating the 3.3.3.0/24 Network and recreate the rule with the drop zone it works for me.

-2

You are missing some fundamentals. There are interfaces, and interfaces belong to a zone (public by default). Rules for that zone are implemented on the all interfaces that belong to it. You have two interfaces eno1 (in zone internal) and en4 (in zone public). As Nasir Riley suggested, you have to implement the rule on the zone where desired interface belongs. You are trying something to do with the zone "drop" but there is no interface in that zone. From Red Hat documentation for the drop zone:

"Any incoming network packets are dropped; there is no reply. Only outgoing network connections are possible."

So you could put desired interface to this zone, but first remove rule that you have added. And go thoroughly RHEL 7 Security guide, there are lot of information regarding firewalld .

  • In the documentation I can read that I do not need to apply a interface to that drop zone. Because the drop zone is applied to every interface that source IP comes in. – kockiren Feb 20 '18 at 6:22
  • You are trying something to do with the zone "drop" but there is no interface in that zone - which is fine. A zone does not have to be bound to an interface in order to apply to some connection. Zones can be bound to source IP addresses only, like the drop zone exactly. – Danila Vershinin Jun 25 at 18:24

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.