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I am having trouble applying object caching in Nginx, based on this article (which I visited after failing to understand the official Nginx documentation on this).

I tried to add this to the very end of the http{} block in nginx.conf:

## Nginx FastCGI Cache
    fastcgi_cache_path /var/cache/nginx/fastcgi_temp/cache levels=1:2 keys_zone=czone:100m inactive=60m;
    fastcgi_cache_key $scheme$request_method$host$request_uri;
    fastcgi_cache_lock on;
    fastcgi_cache_use_stale error timeout invalid_header updating http_500;
    fastcgi_cache_valid 200 301 302 60m;
    fastcgi_pass_header Set-Cookie:Set-Cookie;
    fastcgi_pass_header Cookie;
    fastcgi_ignore_headers Cache-Control Expires Set-Cookie;

After adding it I saved and executed nginx -t but I got an error "test failed".

The Nginx error log error gives this:

mkdir() "/var/cache/nginx/fastcgi_temp/cache" failed (2: No such file or directory)`.

Seems that the the PHP mkdir() failed.

My question

What are the correct POSIX directives for /var/ so the PHP function could create /var/cache/nginx/fastcgi_temp/ peacefully? What should be safe?

Or I shouldn't change /var/s POSIX directives and create /var/cache/nginx/fastcgi_temp/ and change only its permissions, but to what?

  • You tell us why the test failed. We can't read it off your screen! – Michael Hampton Apr 10 '18 at 20:38
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    Comment by Thomas Ward: The proper answer is "You don't give any directives to PHP, you pre-create the directory yourself and then give whatever user PHP runs as read/write in the directory (or user/group ownership). – user9303970 Apr 12 '18 at 8:23
  • In my case, that user is www-data. – user9303970 Apr 12 '18 at 9:12
  • Related: serverfault.com/questions/907338/… – user9303970 Apr 12 '18 at 12:08
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As someone pointed in comments, you have to pre create the directory for the nginx cache, likely under /var/cache/nginx and give correct permissions.

I usually use to

mkdir /var/cache/nginx
chmod 755 /var/cache/nginx
chown nginx:nginx /var/cache/nginx

owner depends on your setup and distribution.

Nginx create the last directory, on my servers is chown nginx:nignx and chmod 700

  • it should be 700 writable by the nginx process. It should be www-data:www-data in your setup if nginx runs as www-data. – Federico Galli Apr 12 '18 at 10:23
  • Just to clarify, the end dir I got is /var/cache/nginx/fastcgi_temp/cache/ there seems to be a duplication. If I understand correct, I should delete this and start from scratch with the code you exampled. – user9303970 Apr 12 '18 at 10:52
  • Yes, it's not necessary but it would be simpler for you. I usually specify the app name. Example, not "cache" but "application_name".. like.. "mysite" and I end up with having /var/cache/nginx/mysite1 /var/cache/nginx/mysite2 depending on how many different caches you have – Federico Galli Apr 12 '18 at 12:18

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