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Whenever the Windows UAC pop-up shows up to grant a program administrator rights there is just a Yes/No answer.

Is there any way to limit what a program can do when run as administrator. Most programs do not need all priviledges, but just a little bit, that a standard user cannot do.

In Linux there a multiple ways, i can think of right now:

Root capabilities: partition the root priviledge into smaller capabilities

fakeroot: when the program checks for root but does not really need it

SELinux and similar tools: Everything must be explicitly granted

Another way of asking: Can i limit the amount of damage a program can cause while giving access to administrator rights.

Example: Give a program the right to see one specific programs adress space, but not all of them.

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The UAC prompt is an all-or-nothing proposition, you either allow the program administrator access or don't run it at all.

That doesn't necessarily mean that you can't achieve your goals in other ways. For example, if you want to give a user access to the address space of a particular process, you can change the permissions on that process. Similarly with files and registry keys, though it is usually inadvisable to change permissions on the parts of the file system and registry that don't belong to you.

This question on Stack Overflow discusses ways of getting an application that requests administrator access (but doesn't actually need it) to run anyway.

Theoretically you can grant individual privileges (e.g., backup privilege) to individual accounts, but while the kernel still supports this, UAC breaks it. Almost all admin-level privileges you could grant someone can be leveraged to gain unrestricted administrator access anyway.

The more usual approach if you want to allow a user to perform specific administrative tasks is to write a system service to do the work on the user's behalf. This typically involves splitting the application into two parts, one that runs as a system service and has administrator access and one that runs on the user's desktop and does not.

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