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So I have just added a firewall rule using ufw. How do I know whether I have to do additional steps to make this rule also automatically present after reboot?

(2nd question, but less important to me: If they are needed, which steps?)

For example: Do I have to check for installed/enabled/configured iptables-save? Do I have to put the rule into /etc/ufw/? (where?) Is there a rule like: If I am using Ubuntu, then ufw will always remeber state after reboot?

I am not used to work with ufw or iptables-save. I just read rumors in forums and the man page for ufw.

If you have to assume an operating system for your answer then please assume Ubuntu 16.04.

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ufw doesn't make a distinction between the running state of the firewall and the permanent saved state. All rule changes take effect immediately and are persistent.

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  • Thanks! Do you have a trustable source for this information or do I have to trust you? – klaus thorn Aug 17 '18 at 15:02
  • You could read the man page, or the source code, or simply gain experience with it. Any of these would suffice. – Michael Hampton Aug 17 '18 at 17:41

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