I have a single small VPS that has a variety of services on it, such as a WordPress installation and a few web apps. For some while I have run all the services on it as Docker containers. Since I have a variety of domains and subdomains pointing to this box, I use the frontend proxy Traefik to capture the web ports and then route them internally in a Docker network.
I start up Traefik like so:
#!/bin/bash # Removes the restart policy from previous containers CONTAINER_LABEL=traefik-instance ../../bin/remove-restart.sh $CONTAINER_LABEL mkdir --parents /var/log/traefik mkdir --parents /etc/letsencrypt-traefik docker run \ --label $CONTAINER_LABEL \ --publish 80:80 \ --publish 443:443 \ --volume $PWD/traefik.toml:/etc/traefik/traefik.toml \ --volume $PWD/rules:/etc/traefik/rules \ --volume /etc/letsencrypt-traefik:/etc/letsencrypt-traefik \ --volume /var/log/traefik:/log \ --network dockernet \ --detach \ --restart always \ traefik:1.6
This all works very nicely. I have recently discovered Docker Swarm, and would like to convert all of my containers to services, which will give me replication services, rolling updates and zero-downtime deployments. However, I would like to do the change piecemeal, so that Traefik can route to both Swarm services and ordinary (non-Swarm) containers.
So, to launch Traefik as a service, I am now doing the following. You'll notice I am using non-standard ports for the purposes of testing:
#!/bin/bash # Using "traefik2" while I am experimenting with multiple services mkdir --parents /var/log/traefik2 mkdir --parents /etc/letsencrypt-traefik docker service create \ --publish 8080:80 \ --publish 8443:443 \ --mount type=bind,source=$PWD/traefik.toml,target=/etc/traefik/traefik.toml \ --mount type=bind,source=$PWD/rules,target=/etc/traefik/rules \ --mount type=bind,source=/etc/letsencrypt-traefik,target=/etc/letsencrypt-traefik \ --mount type=bind,source=/var/log/traefik2,target=/log \ --network traefiknet \ traefik:1.6
This works also, when pointed to a Swarm web service that appears on the same network.
So, I have two Docker networks (amongst the various defaults that Docker creates for itself) like so:
root@box:~/docker# docker network ls NETWORK ID NAME DRIVER SCOPE 1aa479f13faa dockernet bridge local k71hpg1n0lo9 traefiknet overlay swarm
This results in my having a working Traefik container that can see Docker containers, and a working Traefik service that can see Swarm services. However, they cannot see each other.
To try to fix this, I have tried to add the Docker network to the start-up of the Traefik Swarm service:
--network dockernet \
In other words, I want this service to connect to both the bridge (old) and the overlay (new) networks. Unfortunately I get this:
Error response from daemon: The network dockernet cannot be used with services. Only networks scoped to the swarm can be used, such as those created with the overlay driver.
Is there a way my new service can connect to the old network, or indeed is there a way my old containers can connect to the new network? I have tried searching for the error, but there do not seem to be many mentions of it at all; I wonder if this edge-case usage of Swarm has not been encountered by many folks yet.
(Of course, one solution is for me to convert all of my containers to services, but to avoid a big-bang change, I'd rather do it slowly if possible).
Trying attachable networks
I then deleted my services and tried this:
docker network rm traefiknet docker network create driver=overlay --attachable traefiknet
I then recreated the Traefik service, and it starts up. It is evidently still working because it routes traffic to a service that has also joined the traefiknet overlay.
However, I have created a non-service container, and connected that exclusively to
traefiknet, and the
--network-alias I create with that cannot be seen by the service. Oddly, if I shell into this non-Swarm container it can ping the Swarm Traefik container, so the network works. (I have tried creating an Alpine shell service, connected to
traefiknet, and from here I cannot ping either the container name of my non-Swarm container, nor its
I have tried to upgrade Docker from 17.03.2-ce to 18.06.1-ce, because a phrase in the manual indicated that my old Docker version might be the cause of the problem:
Communicate between a container and a swarm service sets up communication between a standalone container and a swarm service, using an attachable overlay network. This is supported in Docker 17.06 and higher.
However, this also has not helped.