I'm trying to get a hybrid exim/cyrus IMAP setup working. I do not use postfix, it is not installed. OS is Debian 9 both on x64 and Raspberry Pi (Raspbian Scratch).

I've executed the install:

apt-get install cyrus-common cyrus-doc cyrus-pop3d cyrus-imapd cyrus-admin cyrus-murder cyrus-replication cyrus-nntpd cyrus-caldav cyrus-clients cyrus-dev libcyrus-imap-perl sasl2-bin

and am following the instructions on page Cyrus Quickstart Guide.

I'm stuck at the point:

testsaslauthd -u imapuser -p secret

described in Section 4 of the article above, and instead of getting OK "Success", I got an error:

connect() : No such file or directory

That meant that I misread the /etc/default/saslauthd comment about startup. you MUST edit that to get the daemon to start properly. But now I get

0: NO "authentication failed"

but only on the x64 server. The Pi gives the OK message.

[Edit 05/10/2018 22:18 BST] I must admit that I had tried to install Kolab Installation of Kolab 16 on Debian 9 on the x64 earlier in the day, but had to back out when I discovered it needed postfix. It must be exim. I had to spend a couple of hours cleaning up the mess it left behind. The Raspberry Pi however did not suffer that fate.

Any ideas would be welcome.


The answer is that I had missed a step on the x64.

The Kolab uninstall removed my


file, of which I had to upload a fresh copy from the Raspberry Pi.

If you see something like this:

root@example:/var/run/saslauthd# ps -deaf | grep sasl
root      1559     1  0 Oct05 ?        00:00:00 /usr/sbin/saslauthd -a pam -c -m /var/run/saslauthd -n 5
root      1560  1559  0 Oct05 ?        00:00:00 /usr/sbin/saslauthd -a pam -c -m /var/run/saslauthd -n 5
root      1561  1559  0 Oct05 ?        00:00:00 /usr/sbin/saslauthd -a pam -c -m /var/run/saslauthd -n 5
root      1562  1559  0 Oct05 ?        00:00:00 /usr/sbin/saslauthd -a pam -c -m /var/run/saslauthd -n 5
root      1563  1559  0 Oct05 ?        00:00:00 /usr/sbin/saslauthd -a pam -c -m /var/run/saslauthd -n 5
root     21671 21496  0 00:56 pts/1    00:00:00 grep sasl

Note the -a pam, it should be -a sasldb. This is fixed by MECHANISMS="sasldb" in the /etc/default/saslauthd file. I read the instructions and did not follow them closely enough, after trying to repair the damage from the broken Kolab uninstall.

[Edit 07/10/2018 01:56] Additional information for when you get to the next stage:

I have updated the page at https://github.com/Exim/exim/wiki/AuthenticatedSmtpUsingSaslauthd to add the "realm" parameter

server_condition = ${if saslauthd{{${local_part:$auth1}}{$auth2}{}{${domain:$auth1}}}{1}{0}}

since looking at the source for exim in expand.c. This was only documented in the source code:

For virtual mailbox hosting with /etc/default/saslauthd:MECHANISMS="sasldb", with the LOGIN authenticator, and your login names are of the format username@example.com, you will need to extract the domain part and pass it in as the "realm" parameter as follows:

// From the source code comment in expand.c
${if saslauthd {{username}{password}{service}{realm}}  {yes}{no}}

You can test with cyrus the username and password on the server shell with e.g.

testsaslauthd -u username -r example.com -p secret

It does not work with

testsaslauthd -u username@example.com -p secret

I now have the problem that the mail is stuck in exim and lmtp is not working.

You should be able to get something like this if you use OpenSSL if you have got this far, to verify it:

root@raspberrypi:/usr/local/src/exim-4.91/src# openssl s_client -starttls smtp -crlf -connect mx.yourbigserver.co.uk:25
depth=0 C = GB, ST = Somewhere, L = Else, O = yourbigserver.co.uk, CN = Your Name, emailAddress = you@yourpersonalemailserver.co.uk
verify error:num=18:self signed certificate
verify return:1
depth=0 C = GB, ST = Somewhere, L = Else, O = yourbigserver.co.uk, CN = Your Name, emailAddress = you@yourpersonalemailserver.co.uk
verify return:1
Certificate chain
 0 s:/C=GB/ST=Somewhere/L=Else/O=yourbigserver.co.uk/CN=Your Name/emailAddress=you@yourpersonalemailserver.co.uk
   i:/C=GB/ST=Somewhere/L=Else/O=yourbigserver.co.uk/CN=Your Name/emailAddress=you@yourpersonalemailserver.co.uk
Server certificate
subject=/C=GB/ST=Somewhere/L=Else/O=yourbigserver.co.uk/CN=Your Name/emailAddress=you@yourpersonalemailserver.co.uk
issuer=/C=GB/ST=Somewhere/L=Else/O=yourbigserver.co.uk/CN=Your Name/emailAddress=you@yourpersonalemailserver.co.uk
No client certificate CA names sent
Peer signing digest: SHA512
Server Temp Key: X25519, 253 bits
SSL handshake has read 1776 bytes and written 302 bytes
Verification error: self signed certificate
New, TLSv1.2, Cipher is ECDHE-RSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384
Server public key is 2048 bit
Secure Renegotiation IS supported
Compression: NONE
Expansion: NONE
No ALPN negotiated
    Protocol  : TLSv1.2
    Cipher    : ECDHE-RSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384
    Session-ID: xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
    Master-Key: xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
    PSK identity: None
    PSK identity hint: None
    SRP username: None
    Start Time: 1538862964
    Timeout   : 7200 (sec)
    Verify return code: 18 (self signed certificate)
    Extended master secret: yes
250 HELP
EHLO test.com
250-myserver.myprovider.net Hello me.my.example.com []
250-SIZE 36700160
250 HELP
334 VXNlcm5hbWU6
334 UGFzc3dvcmQ6
235 Authentication succeeded
mail from:username@example.com
250 OK
rcpt to:username@example.com
250 Accepted
354 Enter message, ending with "." on a line by itself
Hello 2!
250 OK id=1g8uZF-00027o-TS
221 myserver.myprovider.net closing connection

And the big GOTCHA with OpenSSL, if you type a capital R, it goes into a renegotiate sequence, which is why in the example above "mail from:" and "rcpt to:" are in lower case.

[Edit 07/10/2018 15:42] The final part of getting this all working is here:

Getting Exim LMTP to Cyrus working

It works like a dream now.

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