I need to bind to an OpenLDAP server to authenticate users, but I don't want this low-privileged or "delegated administrator" to be able to see more attributes than strictly necessary.

How do I reduce the attributes a bind user can see using a whitelist? What attributes are strictly necessary to authenticate users?

For example, there's no need for this specific bind user to see NTPassword and I suppose other attributes like home directory, etc.

This is what I did so far:

  1. I have disabled anonymous bind:

    # disable anon bind
    dn: cn=config
    changetype: modify
    add: olcDisallows
    olcDisallows: bind_anon
    dn: cn=config
    changetype: modify
    add: olcRequires
    olcRequires: authc
    dn: olcDatabase={-1}frontend,cn=config
    changetype: modify
    add: olcRequires
    olcRequires: authc
  2. I've created an "Applications" OU and a "gitlab" user:

    # file: applications.ldif
    dn: ou=Applications,dc=example,dc=com
    objectclass: top 
    objectClass: organizationalunit
    ou: Applications
    dn: cn=gitlab,ou=Applications,dc=example,dc=com
    cn: gitlab
    objectClass: simpleSecurityObject
    objectClass: organizationalRole
    userPassword: {CRYPT}.....
  3. To create the user, I've used the LDAP admin user:

    ldapadd -xvvv -f applications.ldif -D 'cn=admin,dc=example,dc=com' -W
  4. To restrict the 'gitlab' privileges, I've tried this:

    # file: give-applications-access.ldif
    dn: cn=config
    changetype: modify
    # allow Applications (e.g. GitLab) access to userPassword
    access to dn.chidren="ou=People,dc=example,dc=com" attrs=userPassword
      by dn.exact="ou=Applications,dc=eaxmple,dc=com" read
  5. Then I've used ldapmodify to apply the previous LDIF:

    ldapmodify -xvvv  -D 'cn=admin,dc=example,dc=com' -W -f give-applications-access.ldif

Now I can successfully authenticate users in ou=People from gitlab. However, if I use e.g. jxplorer or ldapsearch with the gitlab user credentials, I can see all the user attributes except userPassword:

ldapsearch -h ldaps://ldap.example.com -p 636 -LLL -D 'cn=gitlab,ou=Applications,dc=example,dc=com' -s base -b "ou=People,dc=example,dc=com"  -s sub -W "(objectclass=*)" | grep -i userpassword | wc -l

What's going on here? I suppose gitlab is using sambaNTPassword to authenticate.. but I thought attrs=userPassword was read only, and now it's not even in the attributes.

Apologies for pasting all the commands - I'm leaving them here in the hope that others will find this useful. Most of the documentation I've found describes every single option available but doesn't give any good examples that are usable on recent versions of OpenLDAP; and most of the examples available concern editing slapd.conf and not the "new" database (cn=config) type, so it's hard to understand what's relevant.

UPDATE - the current ACL is:

olcAccess: {0}to attrs=userPassword by self write by anonymous auth by * none
olcAccess: {1}to attrs=shadowLastChange by self write by * read
olcAccess: {2}to * by * read

I've followed this answer to read the ACLs which in my case were on {0}mdb: ldapsearch -Y EXTERNAL -H ldapi:/// -b cn=config 'olcDatabase={1}mdb'

  • Please include your full current ACL. – 84104 Nov 21 '18 at 3:14
  • @84104 I've updated my question with the ACLs. It's at the end – lorenzog Nov 21 '18 at 6:46

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.