Yesterday my CentOS Linux 7 (Core) server experienced a hard disk problem. The HDD has since been replaced but the main partition is in read-only mode.

I'm trying to get the main partition usable again (making it read and write) but am having many issues.

mount as rw

I tried mount -n -o remount,rw / but this resulted in:

mount: / not mounted or bad option

       In some cases useful info is found in syslog - try
       dmesg | tail or so

dmesg | tail resulted in:

[  177.305240] Loading iSCSI transport class v2.0-870.
[  177.419722] NFSD: Using /var/lib/nfs/v4recovery as the NFSv4 state recovery directory
[  177.446940] NFSD: starting 90-second grace period (net ffffffffa32fca00)
[  233.475427] systemd-readahead[2002]: Failed to open pack file: Read-only file system
[  267.629924] nfsd4: failed to purge old clients from recovery directory v4recovery
[  428.141830] EXT4-fs (md2): error count since last fsck: 1
[  428.141889] EXT4-fs (md2): initial error at time 1542775899: ext4_xattr_block_get:298: inode 6947097
[  428.142014] EXT4-fs (md2): last error at time 1542775899: ext4_xattr_block_get:298: inode 6947097
[  748.786866] EXT4-fs (md2): Couldn't remount RDWR because of unprocessed orphan inode list.  Please umount/remount instead
[  770.787648] EXT4-fs (md2): Couldn't remount RDWR because of unprocessed orphan inode list.  Please umount/remount instead


I tried repairing the orphaned inode list using:

e2fsck -f /dev/md2
e2fsck 1.42.9 (28-Dec-2013)
/dev/md2 has unsupported feature(s): metadata_csum
e2fsck: Get a newer version of e2fsck!

As the filesystem is in read-only mode I'm unable to download a newer version of e2fsck.


I tried tune2fs -O ^metadata_csum /dev/md2 and got:

tune2fs 1.42.9 (28-Dec-2013)
tune2fs: Filesystem has unsupported read-only feature(s) while trying to open /dev/md2
Couldn't find valid filesystem superblock.

How can I get this partition to be read and write again?


  • 2
    What was done to this filesystem between the time the disk failed and now? This is not something you can really recover from without a complete reinstall. You can recover data using a Live CD from a newer Linux distro (e.g. Fedora 29, RHEL 8 beta, etc). Of course, something went terribly wrong when the system was first installed, because the filesystem should have been XFS. Dec 28, 2018 at 23:46
  • I've described above what I've done since the disk failure. Im unable to use a live cd as it is a remotely hosted server. I only have ssh access.
    – Magick
    Dec 29, 2018 at 0:22
  • How is it that you have no remote access to it, then? The datacenter should be able to provide you with some sort of remote access. Dec 29, 2018 at 0:29
  • I have remote access via ssh, but no physical access.
    – Magick
    Dec 29, 2018 at 0:34
  • It's time to have a chat with whoever is hosting your server, then. This is really basic stuff, and you should not have accepted the server without it. Dec 29, 2018 at 0:40

1 Answer 1


You need to boot from a rescue system new enough to support the filesystem features you're using. However, given that the filesystem apparently was damaged even though (I assume) you were using a redundancy-providing RAID level, be prepared for the filesystem to be unrecoverable. Time to warm up the backups.

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