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In a PowerShell script, how can I check if I'm running with administrator privileges?

3

5 Answers 5

97
$currentPrincipal = New-Object Security.Principal.WindowsPrincipal([Security.Principal.WindowsIdentity]::GetCurrent())
$currentPrincipal.IsInRole([Security.Principal.WindowsBuiltInRole]::Administrator)

(from Command line safety tricks)

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  • 3
    $currentPrincipal = New-Object Security.Principal.WindowsPrincipal( [Security.Principal.WindowsIdentity]::GetCurrent() ) &{ if ($currentPrincipal.IsInRole( [Security.Principal.WindowsBuiltInRole]::Administrator )) { (get-host).UI.RawUI.Backgroundcolor="DarkRed" clear-host write-host "Warning: PowerShell is running as an Administrator.`n" }
    – davey
    Dec 17, 2009 at 20:16
  • 2
    This is a great solution where you are using an ancient version of powershell (in my case 3) that doesn't support "#Requires -RunAsAdministrator"
    – Kinetic
    Jun 7, 2021 at 15:33
  • 1
    Single line without variable assignment: (New-Object Security.Principal.WindowsPrincipal([Security.Principal.WindowsIdentity]::GetCurrent())).IsInRole([Security.Principal.WindowsBuiltInRole]::Administrator) Feb 11 at 19:42
110

In Powershell 4.0 you can use requires at the top of your script:

#Requires -RunAsAdministrator

Outputs:

The script 'MyScript.ps1' cannot be run because it contains a "#requires" statement for running as Administrator. The current Windows PowerShell session is not running as Administrator. Start Windows PowerShell by using the Run as Administrator option, and then try running the script again.

3
42
function Test-Administrator  
{  
    $user = [Security.Principal.WindowsIdentity]::GetCurrent();
    (New-Object Security.Principal.WindowsPrincipal $user).IsInRole([Security.Principal.WindowsBuiltinRole]::Administrator)  
}

Execute the above function. IF the a result is True, the user has admin privileges.

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  • 6
    This only determines if the user running the script is an administrator on the machine -- and not if the script is currently being executed with administrative privileges. In other words, this will still return true even if the user did not use "run as administrator" to launch the command shell. Oct 17, 2014 at 19:34
  • 3
    @HolisticDeveloper, that is incorrect. If you aren't elevated, it will return false Jan 8, 2015 at 16:33
  • @charleswj81 as of now I observe the behavior that Holistic Developer describes.
    – zneak
    May 7, 2016 at 0:01
  • I don't think you need the semi colon... but that said I don't think it throws an error either Aug 4, 2018 at 18:52
  • 1
    This works for me on Win10 as of 2018. Returns False if current user account is not elevated, returns True if powershell is running elevated.
    – arberg
    Oct 16, 2018 at 8:03
2

as a combination of the above answers, you can use something like the following at the begin of your script:

# todo: put this in a dedicated file for reuse and dot-source the file
function Test-Administrator  
{  
    [OutputType([bool])]
    param()
    process {
        [Security.Principal.WindowsPrincipal]$user = [Security.Principal.WindowsIdentity]::GetCurrent();
        return $user.IsInRole([Security.Principal.WindowsBuiltinRole]::Administrator);
    }
}

if(-not (Test-Administrator))
{
    # TODO: define proper exit codes for the given errors 
    Write-Error "This script must be executed as Administrator.";
    exit 1;
}

$ErrorActionPreference = "Stop";

# do something

Another method is to start your Script with this line, which will prevent it's execution when not started with admin rights.

#Requires -RunAsAdministrator
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  • 1
    Unfortunately, this doesn't work. If the script is not run with elevated rights, then it won't even load, and you won't see your custom error message. May 2, 2019 at 17:27
  • Thanks. I've corrected my answer above.
    – MovGP0
    May 20, 2019 at 22:49
0

This will check if you are an Administrator, if not then it will reopen in PowerShell ISE as an Administrator.

Hope this helps!

    $ver = $host | select version
    if ($ver.Version.Major -gt 1)  {$Host.Runspace.ThreadOptions = "ReuseThread"}

    # Verify that user running script is an administrator
    $IsAdmin=[Security.Principal.WindowsIdentity]::GetCurrent()
    If ((New-Object Security.Principal.WindowsPrincipal $IsAdmin).IsInRole([Security.Principal.WindowsBuiltinRole]::Administrator) -eq $FALSE)
    {
      "`nERROR: You are NOT a local administrator.  Run this script after logging on with a local administrator account."
        # We are not running "as Administrator" - so relaunch as administrator

        # Create a new process object that starts PowerShell
        $newProcess = new-object System.Diagnostics.ProcessStartInfo "PowerShell_ise";

        # Specify the current script path and name as a parameter
        $newProcess.Arguments = $myInvocation.MyCommand.Definition;

        # Indicate that the process should be elevated
        $newProcess.Verb = "runas";

        # Start the new process
        [System.Diagnostics.Process]::Start($newProcess);

        # Exit from the current, unelevated, process
        exit
    }

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