background: it's 92G/20 CPU server with ubuntu 18.04

mysql Ver 15.1 Distrib 10.1.41-MariaDB, for debian-linux-gnu (x86_64) using readline 5.2


root@z:# time mysql -uroot -pXXX -e "select now()"
| now()               |
| 2019-09-25 14:10:24 |

real    0m22.267s
user    0m0.000s
sys     0m0.006s

it takes 20 seconds to connect mysql.

IMPORTANT: it's not always like that, it happens when we have more visits. we use php-fpm and not PERSISTENT=true for PDO since that's localhost connection, it uses sockets (so that's not TCP or network issue).

usually it takes 0.0X seconds.


    Linux 4.15.0-50-generic (fdb)   09/25/2019      _x86_64_        (20 CPU)

avg-cpu:  %user   %nice %system %iowait  %steal   %idle
          48.22    0.00   17.26    0.79    3.08   30.65

Device             tps    kB_read/s    kB_wrtn/s    kB_read    kB_wrtn
loop0             0.00         0.00         0.00          8          0
sdb               0.09         0.27         2.20      24628     204340
sda             735.43      1740.89      5578.76  161421385  517281936

it seems alright.

mysql conf:

user            = mysql
pid-file        = /var/run/mysqld/mysqld.pid
socket          = /var/run/mysqld/mysqld.sock
port            = 3306
basedir         = /usr
datadir         = /var/lib/mysql
tmpdir          = /tmp
lc-messages-dir = /usr/share/mysql

bind-address            =

key_buffer_size         = 128M
max_allowed_packet      = 32M
thread_stack            = 192K
thread_cache_size       = 32
wait_timeout            = 60
# This replaces the startup script and checks MyISAM tables if needed
# the first time they are touched
myisam_recover_options  = BACKUP
max_connections        = 30000
max_connect_errors     = 3000
#table_cache            = 64
#thread_concurrency     = 10
tmp_table_size          = 512M
max_heap_table_size     = 512M
table_open_cache        = 4096

performance_schema = on


we have skip-name-resolve so it's not DNS issue

mysql status sorry it's too large so I made it in gist: https://gist.github.com/fayland/97050f70cb258a41f1fa1bd3046df4d2

it would be great that someone can point us the direction to check. if you need any more info, we'll be glad to provide.


  • Additional information request. Post on pastebin.com and share the links. Text results of: B) SHOW GLOBAL STATUS; after minimum 24 hours UPTIME C) SHOW GLOBAL VARIABLES; D) SHOW FULL PROCESSLIST; E) complete MySQLTuner report F) SHOW ENGINE INNODB STATUS; AND Optional very helpful information, includes - htop OR top OR mytop for most active apps, ulimit -a for a linux/unix list of limits, iostat -xm 5 3 for IOPS by device and core/cpu count, df -h for a linux/unix free space list by device, for server workload tuning analysis to provide suggestions. Oct 10 '19 at 0:49
  • @WilsonHauck gist.github.com/fayland/d0d637e65d7c283810f0cf53d68c8a95 probably that's not the right stats since the time now we don't have the issue. We'll see if we can capture when it happens. thanks Oct 11 '19 at 3:16
  • Thank you for posting requested info. Analysis in process. Due to out of town scheduled event, it may be my Wednesday before I post suggestions. I am in UTC -6 hours, what is your time zone? Oct 11 '19 at 11:48
  • Yes, it's alright. We're considering to move the stuff to cluster like percona xtradb cluster since it still happens a lot recently (every hour actually). We're in UTC+8 China. Thanks for your help. Oct 12 '19 at 13:50

Suggestions to consider for your my.cnf [mysqld] section

thread_cache_size=256  # from 32 for default with v 10.0.38
innodb_io_capacity=1900  # from 200 to enable higher IOPS to your SSD devices
read_buffer_size_256K  # from 128K to reduce handler_read_next RPS of 2,337,990
read_rnd_buffer_size=128K  # from 256K to reduce handler_read_rnd_next RPS of 1,982,624
innodb_flushing_avg_loops=5 # from 30 to reduce delays and reduce innodb_buffer_pool_pages_dirty of 23,455
thread_concurrency=18  # from 10 to use more of your 20 cores
innodb_log_buffer_size=2G  # from 8M to support about 7 log minutes in RAM

There are more global variables to be tuned for your instance. Disclaimer: I am the content author of website mentioned in my profile, Network profile where you may download FREE Utility Scripts, and consider additional analysis services.

  • 1
    We'll try it and get back to you. thanks Oct 16 '19 at 0:34
  • @FaylandLam Any comments you could share? Positive/negative performance change? Oct 26 '19 at 15:42
  • a little better but the problem is not resolved. We're considering to move out of mariadb and try something else like percona server or postgresql. thanks Oct 28 '19 at 0:16

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