Default Tomcat 8.5 logs do not appear to show any failed requests, or anything about the SSL handshakes. Specifically the localhost log and catalina.out
See this question for context about the type of failed request: Intermittent Curl 35 error when using self signed certificate on Tomcat
This question seems to indicate that it is not possible....? Tomcat access logs - are failed requests included?
I tried turning on debug, but still couldn't find anything related to a failed request.