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Questions tagged [freebsd]

FreeBSD is an advanced operating system for a variety of architectures. It is derived from BSD, the version of UNIX® developed at the University of California, Berkeley; and is developed and maintained by a large team of individuals. It is a complete Operating System, including the kernel, drivers, ...

9
votes
2answers
18k views

Need to replace disk in zpool … confused

I need to replace a bad disk in a zpool on FreeNAS. zpool status shows pool: raid-5x3 state: ONLINE scrub: scrub completed after 15h52m with 0 errors on Sun Mar 30 13:52:46 2014 config: ...
15
votes
3answers
2k views

Log every command executed from root

I want to give access to my root server to an external system administrator, but i want to be sure to double check what he is doing to my server, e.g. copying data i don't want them to do and so on. I ...
10
votes
4answers
21k views

Dovecot user lookup fails when using username@domain format

I have Dovecot v2.0.11 installed on a FreeBSD server and the user lookups for incoming email addresses are failing, but lookups for system users is successful. Dovecot is setup to use system users, ...
4
votes
4answers
4k views

How do I spamtrap with Postfix?

How do I setup spamtraps with Postfix so clients that send to trapped addresses are prevented from sending me more spam?
125
votes
4answers
169k views

FreeBSD performance tuning: Sysctl parameter, loader.conf, kernel

I wanted to share knowledge of tuning FreeBSD via sysctl.conf / loader.conf / KENCONF / etc. It was initially based on Igor Sysoev's (author of nginx) presentation about FreeBSD tuning up to 100,000-...
26
votes
10answers
8k views

I just did a chmod -x chmod

So I did a chmod -x chmod. How I can fix this problem? How do I give execute rights back to chmod?
12
votes
23answers
25k views

Best practices to block social sites

In our company we have around 100 workstations with Internet access, and the day-to-day situation is getting worse and worse from the perspective of using Internet access for the purpose of doing ...
9
votes
5answers
15k views

ZFS Sync over unreliable, slow WAN. ZFS replication, or rsync?

I've been tasked with making an off-site backup work over the WAN. Both storage boxes are FreeBSD based NAS boxes running ZFS. Once or twice a week, 15-60 gigs of photography data gets dumped to the ...
10
votes
4answers
8k views

Can I trust that ZFS is consistent between Linux and FreeBSD?

I'm planning to build a FreeNAS box sometime soon, but if ZFS on Linux eventually proves to be reliable, I might want to switch, just to have a more familiar OS. So I'm wondering if I can trust that ...
7
votes
3answers
5k views

PAM: Execute a command before pam_mkhomedir?

When a user logs into a system and there is no home directory, we would like to to create the user's home directory using pam_mkhomedir. This is a common practice. Here's a quick description of ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

Does ZFS replace the need for hardware/software RAID?

I want to provide protection against data loss on my servers. Typically, I'd use hardware RAID 1 or 5, but I've been reading up on ZFS. Is it correct that ZFS itself provides RAID 1 or 5 like data ...
0
votes
4answers
600 views

How to make proxy on nginx?

How would I set my webservers to work in way described below? Http request: mypublic.com ---> handled normally by nginx as it is set up already (listen 80;) Http request: myprivate.com ---> handled ...
0
votes
1answer
125 views

Setup SunFire 440 Raid Configuration

How can I setup Internal Hard disk RAID5 configuration? I have SunFire 440 machine with 4 internal hard disk. I have never worked on Sun systems except for now and I am exploring google for the above ...
2
votes
1answer
867 views

Binary won't execute when run with a path. Eg >./program won't work but >program works fine

I'm getting some weird behaviour for a binary file I'm trying to run. I'm using Mac OSX snow leopard, and the binary itself is part of labkey software .. built from source. If I try to run the file ...
41
votes
6answers
11k views

ZFS on FreeBSD: recovery from data corruption

I have several TBs of very valuable personal data in a zpool which I can not access due to data corruption. The pool was originally set up back in 2009 or so on a FreeBSD 7.2 system running inside a ...
9
votes
6answers
11k views

Recommendations on ZFS on FreeBSD as a NAS box?

Please note that the answers on this page are from 2009, and should not be relied on as gospel. If you have a specific question about zfs then please click the Ask a Question button and ask a specific ...
19
votes
4answers
7k views

How do you manage and deploy FreeBSD's ports in a large environment?

I'm curious to how people are deploying FreeBSD's ports in their environment. I assume that most people using FreeBSD are indeed using Ports (and often portupgrade for upgrading with binaries). I am ...
26
votes
6answers
49k views

FreeBSD vs Linux performance? [closed]

I know that FreeBSD is famous for being highly stable, secure and of course open source. So I am going to try it on one of my servers. However, I am wondering what are the pros and cons of Using ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

Easy multi-level authentication for sudo

I have a FreeBSD server with password-based SSH enabled. I would like to enable sudo, but I do not want a potential attacker to be one password away from root access. My current solution is logging ...
7
votes
4answers
3k views

ZFS on top of Hardware Mirroring, or just mirror in ZFS?

I have an IBM x346 with dual 3.2Ghz Xeons and 2x36GB 15k SCSI disks. I'm running an entirely ZFS-based install of FreeBSD 8.1. I can configure the bios to mirror the two disks, and then put ZFS on ...
6
votes
2answers
4k views

Is there a tool for managing FreeBSD jails that knows about ZFS?

ZFS under FreeBSD lets one assign filesystems to a jail, such that an account in the jail with the appropriate privileges can access the filesystem, create new subordinate filesystems, and so forth. ...
13
votes
5answers
25k views

Need to identify disk in zpool … how?

I need to replace a bad disk in a zpool on FreeNAS. zpool status shows gptid/5fe33556-3ff2-11e2-9437-f46d049aaeca UNAVAIL 0 0 0 cannot open How do I find the serial # of that disk? ...
12
votes
5answers
3k views

Backing up a MySQL database via ZFS snapshots

I've found a number of sites talking about doing exactly this, but I'm missing a few important details. The general steps are Run FLUSH TABLES WITH READ LOCK Take the ZFS snapshot Run UNLOCK TABLES ...
9
votes
1answer
2k views

FreeBSD: periodic(8) is too noisy. How can I control the noise level?

FreeBSD & MacOSX ship with the the periodic(8) utility, which is a neatly organized set of utilities to periodically run system functions like ZFS filesystem checks, security checks, checking for ...
8
votes
1answer
2k views

Why change net.inet.tcp.tcbhashsize in FreeBSD?

In virtually every FreeBSD network tuning document I can find: # /boot/loader.conf net.inet.tcp.tcbhashsize=4096 This is usually paired with some unhelpful statement like "TCP control-block hash ...
12
votes
2answers
21k views

NOQUEUE: reject: RCPT from on freebsd and postfix

I am building a server using this config -> http://www.purplehat.org/?page_id=4 and when trying to test basic email capabilities I get -> NOQUEUE: reject: RCPT from when try to send a test email. ...
7
votes
1answer
38k views

How to print list of users and groups on FreeBSD?

How to print list of users and groups on FreeBSD?
6
votes
5answers
16k views

Identify Disks on SuperMicro server running FreeBSD

I am running on a SuperMicro 2U server with 6 disks in a ZPool. I want to identify each drive bay using the Drive Carrier LED from running a command from a tool in FreeBSD. Is there a way to do this? ...
3
votes
4answers
10k views

Free space on ZFS file system unexpectedly missing

Going to completely rephrase this question since it's still an outstanding production issue several months later. I have a FreeNAS 0.7.2 box, based on FreeBSD 7.3-RELEASE-p1, running ZFS with 4x1TB ...
5
votes
1answer
4k views

Does kern.hz still have any relevance in FreeBSD if “dynamic tick mode” is enabled?

I'm running a FreeBSD 9.0 setup as a virtual machine in a KVM setup. In previous versions of FreeBSD it was common to force the kern.hz setting to a lower value so that the virtual machine does not ...
4
votes
13answers
1k views

Source based distros vs Prebuilt package based distros

I wonder what is the general preference and where does it come from. Having used FreeBSD actively for a couple of years I'm leaning towards Gentoo, but I've had an unpleasant experience of wasting ...
4
votes
3answers
6k views

Dropping Cached Memory on FreeBSD

i use FreeNAS server which is built on OS version FreeBSD 8.2-RELEASE-p6. I use ZFS file system with 13TB HDD on my 8GB physical ram installed box. It almost uses all of RAM installed while ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

Find the source of malware?

I have a server that was running an older version of lighttpd (1.4.19 on a freebsd 6.2-RELEASE (yea, old) machine) and google alerted me that it had found malware embedded on one of my server's pages. ...
2
votes
2answers
590 views

What's your suggested mail server configuration for a FreeBSD server?

What would be your suggestion if installing a FreeBSD 7 (7.2, actually) email server? I am interested in: SMTP agent Imap/Pop backend Authentication (OS users, OpenLDAP) Anti-Spam server side tools ...
7
votes
4answers
1k views

ZFS and non Sun OS's

Is there any other Unix like distros that can read and write to ZFS filesystems. I know its currently unstable in FreeBSD :( The reason I am asking is I love ZFS but don't get on so well with Solaris.
6
votes
4answers
9k views

PXE boot FreeBSD iso from pxelinux server

I'm using FOG as a TFTP / PXE server and would like to be able to boot a FreeBSD LiveCD (specifically pfSense, but it could be any LiveCD, really); I've found HOWTOs for booting a "netboot" BSD but ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

How can I make bash to log shell commands to syslog?

Bash 4.1 is able to log the history to syslog. However I can't seem to make it work under FreeBSD 8. I've tried re-compiling bash from ports with -DWITH_SYSLOG= but to no avail. Has anyone managed to ...
5
votes
2answers
6k views

How can I adjust subversion repository file permissions automatically for use w. Apache/DAV?

I've set-up a subversion server accessible with Apache/DAV and after screwing up the repositories file permissions a couple of days ago I started wondering if there's a better way to do this than the ...
5
votes
13answers
14k views

Network monitoring tool for FreeBSD [closed]

I am using FreeBSD 6.1 as router. Now I looking for Network Traffic Monitoring software to see what's happening with internet link. I have two installed LAN cards in my system, one for lan and other ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

ZFS Reporting (on FreeBSD and Linux via ZoL)

As a longtime mdadm user is was just experiencing a disk error and remembered that I configured a Auto Mail reporting for mdadm on disk errors. Therefore i just had to insert my Mail address inside /...
5
votes
5answers
12k views

Is Apache stalled? /server-status shows over 240 requests like “OPTIONS * HTTP/1.0” 200 - “-” “Apache (internal dummy connection)”

Some details: Webserver: Apache/2.2.13 (FreeBSD) mod_ssl/2.2.13 OpenSSL/0.9.8e OS: FreeBSD 7.2-RELEASE This is a FreeBSD Jail. I believe I use the Apache 'prefork' MPM (I run the default for FreeBSD)...
3
votes
2answers
8k views

FreeBSD 10 won't boot to ZFS root after power failure

While installing new hardware today, I involuntarily disconnected the power to one of our servers. This server is running FreeBSD 10 with Root-on-ZFS as offered by the installer. It has a total of 36 ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Automated installation of FreeBSD

I would like to automate the installation of FreeBSD 8.2 for a project I'm working on. I know the answer to every question in the standard installation, so even a script that just pushes keystrokes ...
3
votes
2answers
5k views

“No space left on device” with FreeBSD

When I login with root, and run "mkdir test", the system says "No space left on device". But if I login with other user, it goes well. [/root]df -h Filesystem Size Used Avail Capacity ...
3
votes
2answers
3k views

Need help grepping postfix log

I'm trying to search for an unknown string (Message ID) in a log based on a known string (recipient address), and then grep the unknown string to output the entire relevant log information. I'm able ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

What are the security implications of using allow.sysvipc in a FreeBSD jail

The man page for jail says that allow.sysvipc enables "System V primitives [to] share a single namespace across the host and jail environments..." thus "... processes within a jail would be able to ...
2
votes
2answers
5k views

FreeBSD Listen Queue Overflows - can't increase max queue size

I have a decently high trafficked FreeBSD Nginx server, and I'm starting to get a large number of listen queue overflows: [root@svr ~]# netstat -sp tcp | fgrep listen 80361931 listen queue overflows [...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

HP MDS 600 compatibility questions

I've bought a used HP MDS 600 to use as JBOD to a ZFS filesystem. Originally I just assumed that it was a pretty 'dumb' box and I'd be able to use a SAS card like the 16-port LSI one, and most any ...
2
votes
1answer
4k views

FreeNAS: “swap_pager: I/O error - pagein failed”

Our FreeNAS server log is constantly filling up with Apr 5 15:13:49 Wheelhouse NAS kernel: swap_pager: I/O error - pagein failed; blkno 524312,size 4096, error 6 Apr 5 15:13:49 Wheelhouse NAS ...
1
vote
1answer
3k views

Why Permission Denied with NFS after reboot?

I have Ubuntu and CentOS clients nfsv3 mounting to a FreeBSD box, which got rebooted while the nfs clients were connected. Now the clients get a permission denied when they try to access the mount ...