Questions tagged [freebsd]

FreeBSD is an advanced operating system for a variety of architectures. It is derived from BSD, the version of UNIX® developed at the University of California, Berkeley; and is developed and maintained by a large team of individuals. It is a complete Operating System, including the kernel, drivers, and userland utilities such as shells.

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OVH IPv6 on ESXi -> pfSense -> VM setup

Currently setting up some VMs on an ESXi host on an OVH machine. I have two IPv4s on OVH including a virtual MAC address as needed by OVH. One IPv4 for the ESXi host itself, another one for the ...
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Best way to back up and restore zpool in midst of FreeBSD upgrade

My apologies if this is circuitous, but please bear with me. I have a FreeBSD ZFS installation that was originally set up using 12 and upgraded to 13 at some point. It has become so munged up that I ...
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How to get access to Icinga on Apache 2.4?

I am trying to install Icinga on a FreeBSD 9.1 box with Apache 2.4. I use the Apache config which was provided with the Icinga port. But when i try to access the web frontend, i get the following ...
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2 answers
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How can I check the partition name in FreeBSD?

I am currently running my server in the rescue mode, due to the firewall issues. In order to disable the firewall thing I would have to mount the / partition. My problem is that I dont know/remember ...
2 votes
2 answers
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Redirection with natd flags on FreeBSD

I am trying to setup a basic NAT server. I want all traffic coming from the outside world to the NAT server to be redirected to another machine, where I have a lipcap service running to parse this ...
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1 answer
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Setting enviromental variables for login shells under root account in FreeBSD

I am currently in the process of configuring Open Grid Scheduler in FreeBSD. As part of this process I need to set the environmental variableSGE_ROOTas root. To do this I have been experimenting with ...
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OPNsense WAN failover causes disruption when non-active WAN is down

I have the latest version of OPNsense set up in a VM on ESXi 7. OPNsense is very similar to pfSense, and I suspect the solution would apply to both. All the NICs are PCI passthrough devices: A ...
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pfSense - Enable ssh (port 22) access through the WAN using terminal/console/shell

We need to enable pfSense ssh (port 22) access through the WAN interface to perform certain configurations using pfSense's terminal/console/shell. Actions already taken... "Secure Shell (sshd)&...
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Free BSD IP forwarding for LVS NAT mode

I am testing LVS NAT mode with centos as Keepalived node and FreeBSD as real server. This question is already answered in context of Linux. Now the question is how to make an L3 host as a default ...
2 votes
1 answer
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GPT partition errors on boot - ZFS FreeBSD

My system appears to be running fine and I'm just trying to clean up errors. That said... On boot, I get the following errors for all drives in a 24 disk storage enclosure: GEOM: diskid/DISK-%20%20%...
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Where to find logs from Postgres 11.1 on FreeBSD 11.2?

Having built Postgres 11.1 on my FreeBSD 11.2 machine, where might I find the logs output from Postgres. Specifically, when attempting to start Postgres for the first time, I get an error message ...
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How to get hard disk status from RAID with SmartCTL for monitoring purposes?

I have a FreeBSD with a RAID running 3 Hard Disks. I was given the challenge to monitor its RAID - If a hard disk fails or it presents some problem i need to know. So, the first thing i am doing right ...
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When PF firewal runs local network traffic is slowed

OS FreeBSD-13.0p3 We have a gateway router (G) with three physical Ethernet interfaces. One (W1) is the WAN gateway. The other two (L1,L2) are connected to the same wire. L1 belongs to the 192.168....
6 votes
4 answers
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Serial Over LAN on FreeBSD with SuperMicro X9-SCM-F

How can I setup Serial-Over-Lan (SOL) on FreeBSD with a SuperMicro X9-SCM-F motherboard? There are a few resources out there but they contradict each other, are unclear, and don’t actually allow me to ...
2 votes
2 answers
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FreeBSD & Jails: Send mail through Postfix in Jail

I have FreeBSD 10.2 and I'm using several Jails, one of them has Postfix installed. I want my other jails and my host system to use the local Postfix installation in the Jail. They should use ...
1 vote
2 answers
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ZFS: i/o error - all block copies unavailable -zpool unavailable

A server restart produced this output on the console: ZFS: i/o error - all block copies unavailable ZFS: failed to read pool zroot directory object qptzfsboot: failed to mount default pool zroot ...
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nss-pam-ldapd ldap group filtering

I'm attempting to setup authentication via ldap for OpenSSH connections on our FreeBSD servers in AWS. The actual ldap server is external to AWS and is accessed over the Internet. I've run into a ...
11 votes
2 answers
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Freebsd change default Internet channel route

I have two Internet channel and Gateway on freebsd. When I switch channel with the command route change default chan2, the command netstat -nr shows changed default route. But traceroute shows that ...
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2 answers
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Offloading PPPoE from an OPNsense router

I'm running opnSense, a FreeBSD-based firewall and router similar to pfSense, in a virtual machine under VMware ESXi 7 on a Dell PowerEdge R230, as a router for my home network. No other VMs are ...
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1 answer
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Samba config and Mac OS X mounting

I'm aware that his question should maybe be posted on SuperUser. But as it probably has something to do with the Samba server, i'm posting it here. I'm trying to mount one of my Samba shares in Mac ...
2 votes
2 answers
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FreeBSD shows high load, cannot find bottleneck

So we have set up a server(11.0-RELEASE-p2) that hosts around 150-200 jails. The server has 24 cores and 192gb of ram. When using top it shows no sign of stress - except the high load. All jails ...
2 votes
2 answers
4k views

How can I drop all connections to a given host under FreeBSD?

I know about tcpdrop which is in base distribution. But this tool requires port numbers to be specified. Is there any tool to drop connections by IP?
6 votes
5 answers
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Free space on ZFS file system unexpectedly missing

Going to completely rephrase this question since it's still an outstanding production issue several months later. I have a FreeNAS 0.7.2 box, based on FreeBSD 7.3-RELEASE-p1, running ZFS with 4x1TB ...
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2 answers
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Can't connect to a postgres server

I have a strange situation, I have created a second postgres server that will eventually become a slave to my current master, anyway for testing purposes I have currently installed postgres, and ...
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ipnat.conf - map and rdr won't work!

I can't put my mind around it, before reboot I was able to ssh in from outside to my jail and right now I can't! I even rebuild the whole system and even that didn't help:( anyone have any ideas? su-...
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3 answers
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Is there a tool for managing FreeBSD jails that knows about ZFS?

ZFS under FreeBSD lets one assign filesystems to a jail, such that an account in the jail with the appropriate privileges can access the filesystem, create new subordinate filesystems, and so forth. ...
1 vote
1 answer
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Increase number of connections per socket

How do I increase the number of connections each socket can accept? I know that you can increase the total number of connections using: # sysctl kern.ipc.somaxconn=4096 But each connection is then ...
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1 answer
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ports in freebsd jail fetching but not updating

I've created a jail to host my webserver/blog, but when attempting to build any port, I consistently get the message "portsnap: Directory is not writable: /usr/ports". Attached is a screen capture ...
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Bhyve : tap0 bridged network interface for ubuntu instance times out during startup

I'm trying to setup an ubuntu instance using iohyve under FreeNAS 9.10, the instance will boots up but timeout when trying to raise the network interface. So far I've tried to double check the ...
3 votes
3 answers
5k views

Installing multiple php versions plus extensions on freebsd

I'm a currently learning how to work with freebsd. Lately I have been trying to run multiple php versions along with their respective packages. However, I seem to be running into issues while making ...
1 vote
2 answers
6k views

Pubkey SSH fails with "we did not send a packet, disable method" in freebsd jail

I have a FreeBSD VPS with 2 jails, each setup with ezjail (I know now that this is largely deprecated, but didn't at the time). $ jls JID IP Address Hostname Path 1 ...
0 votes
1 answer
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One domain on Apache goes to default page without www

I'm using Apache/2.4.16 on FreeBSD 10.2. I have two instances of Apache running, each serving several domain names. The server has two network interfaces, one for the public Internet, one only ...
1 vote
1 answer
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Make: Permission Denied (until I `cd .`)

I have an account on a shared host running FreeBSD 5.5-STABLE. I was compiling my own version of Ruby today, and encountered this anomaly: If I tried to execute 'make', I get a "permission denied" ...
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1 answer
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Having trouble with tcp mode on HAProxy running on OPNsense

I'm trying to setup HAProxy to do simple tcp passthrough to different backends based on SNI. However, I have serious issues on my clients if I do so: Firefox: PR_END_OF_FILE_ERROR Brave/Chrome/Safari:...
1 vote
1 answer
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FreeBSD 10.3 SSSD AD integration issues

I'm having a lot of issues with FreeBSD 10.3 I'm finding the binary packages are fairly useless. I've had to build nearly everything to make things "work". I like using the adcli tool to join to a ...
25 votes
4 answers
28k views

Should I create ZFS zpools with whole disks or partitions?

I am making zpools on FreeBSD machine. While creating zpools I observe these two cases: If I take raw disks and create zpool then I am able to form zpools and they are working perfectly. If I format ...
1 vote
1 answer
212 views

Installing pfsense 2.5.2 ( freebsd 12 ) in KVM

Seems that I am having an issue installing pfsense firewall which is build on freeBSD12 into a qemu/kvm in Ubuntu. When it starts to boot, prior to the 'Install Box' I get a kernal panic Image of fail ...
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How to change pickupexten on asterisk 11

I'm looking for a way to change ‍pickupexten in Asterisk 11. Is there a way? The features.conf: pickupexten = *8 pickupgroup=1 pickupsound = beep pickupfailsound = beeperr I want to change *8 with ...
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2 answers
55 views

Issue using dd to write 1GB file to zfs dataset on FreeBSD 13

Hey guys I am turning up a little FAMP stack on an Azure VM. 4 Xeon cores 16GB ram. Second SSD is using ZFS and the boot drive is UFS2 (Default). When I dd if=/dev/zero of=testfile bs=1024 count=...
1 vote
1 answer
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Talking to NRPE2 clients from an NRPE3 server

I'm standing up a new Nagios server, and I have run into a bit of a snag. Our existing server is running FreeBSD 11 w/ Nagios 4.3.4 and nrpe2. It can communicate w/ the nrpe2 daemons on our various ...
3 votes
2 answers
1k views

How to select network interface given ip address in ansible across Debian and FreeBSD?

I'm looking for an expression to fetch the interface name given an ip address assigned to that iface, across Linux and FreeBSD. This question is based on this answer: https://serverfault.com/a/948288/...
5 votes
3 answers
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ZFS dataset doesn't automatically mount

Running on a FreeBSD 12.0 system, a dataset (my home directory) does not mount automatically at system boot. Manually mounting it (i.e. via zfs mount zroot/usr/home/username) works correctly. This ...
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3 answers
499 views

SED to search for and delete ip with a partial match

I have various bash scripts that run, they scan log files for folks who try and make mischief, spam us and so on. I have been struggling with this for some days trying to figure this out. I have a ...
0 votes
1 answer
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How to improve TCP tolerance to out-of-order delivery in Linux balance-rr bonds and/or FreeBSD roundrobin laggs?

I have 3 servers networ kwise configured as follows A is a DELL R710 is running Linux 5.13.19-1-pve Proxmox VE 7.1 and has 4 NICs teamed in a balance-rr mode bond. B is a DELL R610 is running Linux 5....
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1 answer
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Joomla redirects wrong after POST

Situation: FreeBSD 13 server with Apache 2.4 as reverse proxy on SSL. Bastille jail with nginx on port 80 and joomla 4.04 Problem: When doing a POST within Joomla (actually any POST except the one ...
1 vote
1 answer
262 views

Added dkimproxy to OpenSMTPD ... mail loop when sending to my own domain

I have a nicely working OpenSMTPD configuration and I added dkimproxy to it. Everything is working nicely and mail-tester, etc., all report that I have proper DKIM signing and my email score is 10/10, ...
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319 views

PfSense FreeBSD on OVH Public Instance - no internet connection

I have no internet connectivity in freshly installed PfSense system. Steps: I've created OVH instance with Ubuntu and I mounted mfsbsd image. After booting to mfsbsd there was also internet problem. ...
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How to get qemu watchdog working in Freebsd 12.1 guest

I am running a couple of OpnSense (based on FreeBSD 12.1) routers in qemu virtual machines in Proxmox 6.4. Promox has its own non-libvert way of configuring VMs, but to add a watchdog device, one adds ...
1 vote
2 answers
406 views

Issue with connecting several remote Windows 10 clients to Strongswan with lets-encrypt certificates (IKEv2-EAP)

I set up a Strongswan server for VPN clients to access the internal network (EAP-IKEv2). I have successfully configured it using Letsencrypt server certificates and it works for clients using Mac OS X,...
1 vote
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Can't mount NFSv4 with Kerberos from a Linux client to a FreeBSD server

I'm trying to set up NFSv4 with Kerberos. The server is FreeBSD 13.0-RELEASE and the client is Ubuntu 20. I have the Kerberos part running and I can automaatically get a ticket on login for my user, ...

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