Questions tagged [freebsd]

FreeBSD is an advanced operating system for a variety of architectures. It is derived from BSD, the version of UNIX® developed at the University of California, Berkeley; and is developed and maintained by a large team of individuals. It is a complete Operating System, including the kernel, drivers, and userland utilities such as shells.

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Postfix not resolving MX record

Log to=<x.y@example.com>, relay=none, delay=21311, delays=21301/0.04/10/0, dsn=4.4.3, status=deferred (Host or domain name not found. Name service error for name=localdomain type=MX: Host not ...
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  • 199
1 vote
1 answer
321 views

uWSGI Emperor new apps are not started immediately

I run uWSGI in Emperor mode. Everything is fine and works but if i add a new myapplication.ini uWSGI needs minutes to hours bevor recognize the change and starts a new app. The Documentation says ...
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0 votes
2 answers
2k views

how can I install PHP 5.3 on FreeBSD 11.2

I have an old app written in PHP 5.3 that is not to be upgraded and doesn't work with php56 and higher. I'd like to install PHP 5.3 with most of the extensions on FreeBSD 11.2 box. And then I'd like ...
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  • 151
0 votes
1 answer
414 views

df not showing subdirectories, only "multiple" parent directory

For example, we have directory structure: Root Directory Directory #1 Subdirectory #1 Subdirectory #2 Subdirectory #3 Directory #2 Directory #3 Now I'm using df -h to check disk usage but: ...
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  • 103
1 vote
0 answers
594 views

BHyVe: Is there any way to boot to UEFI shell?

I'm starting BHyVe virtual machine with UEFI firmware from ports using chyves and I have a problem with a boot loader misconfiguration on this particular VM. I don't want to boot to OS in order to ...
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  • 11
-1 votes
1 answer
487 views

FreeBSD top disk io read write units

In FreeBSD you can run "top -m io" and it will show you disk io. For example: What units is the WRITE/READ in, bytes or kilobytes or megabytes?
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  • 163
1 vote
1 answer
848 views

Trouble enabling OTP for Opnsense logins

I'm trying to secure my firewall machine by enabling OPT for Opnsense. At a glance, it seems straight forward, see https://wiki.opnsense.org/manual/how-tos/two_factor.html. However, it doesn't seem to ...
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8 votes
1 answer
1k views

File-sharing over Infiniband on FreeBSD

I have a pair of servers, which I'd like to connect to each other directly -- rather than through the switch shared by the rest of the network. I expect to benefit from lower latency and higher ...
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0 votes
0 answers
1k views

Amavis decide_mail_destiny crash

After upgrading to FreeBSD 12 I'm experiencing issues with amavis from time to time. The reason for the crash in unclear for now. A simple kill -9 $amavispid && service amavids start does ...
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  • 485
22 votes
1 answer
11k views

FreeBSD Jails or Docker instances [closed]

What are the main differences between jails on FreeBSD and Docker on Linux? Is one considerably more secure or more performant than the other? Jails are way older than Docker instances so the code ...
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  • 335
-1 votes
1 answer
104 views

transfer raid 0 array from freenas to windows

I have three disks in raid 0 with some data on it (not mission critical). This pool was created on a freenas installation and I was wondering if there is a way to re-mount the same raid 0 array in ...
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1 vote
1 answer
319 views

Why do SSH keys work for users `root` & `freebsd` but not `postgres` (database owner)?

I have been using FreeBSD running an a virtual machine at DigitalOcean.com. I use Secure Shell (SSH) from my Mac to remote into a console session on the VM. I used ssh-keygen to create the pair of ...
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0 votes
1 answer
2k views

Where to find logs from Postgres 11.1 on FreeBSD 11.2?

Having built Postgres 11.1 on my FreeBSD 11.2 machine, where might I find the logs output from Postgres. Specifically, when attempting to start Postgres for the first time, I get an error message ...
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5 votes
3 answers
3k views

ZFS dataset doesn't automatically mount

Running on a FreeBSD 12.0 system, a dataset (my home directory) does not mount automatically at system boot. Manually mounting it (i.e. via zfs mount zroot/usr/home/username) works correctly. This ...
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  • 272
1 vote
4 answers
6k views

Get list of users in a group in FreeBSD

How to get a list of usernames assigned to a group in FreeBSD 11.1? This Question asks for a list of users or a list of groups. This Question asks for users who happen to be members of multiple ...
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7 votes
1 answer
7k views

Install Java 9, 10, 11, or 12 on FreeBSD 11.1

When I look to my up-to-date Ports collection: cd /usr/ports/java && ls -d openjdk* … I see only versions 6, 7, and 8 of Java in the OpenJDK releases: openjdk6 openjdk6-jre openjdk7 ...
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2 votes
1 answer
275 views

Verify authenticity of SSH host on Digital Ocean droplet (FreeBSD)

When first connecting via SSH with keys to a newly minted Digital Ocean droplet VM running FreeBSD (per this tutorial), we get a message about “The authenticity of host blah-blah can’t be established”....
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1 vote
1 answer
2k views

How to correctly attach a disk to a zpool to create a mirror? - zpool attach says no such pool or dataset

Yesterday one of my pools which is a mirror was degraded - one of two 2TB disks failed. I replaced the failed one with another disk 4TB (ada3). Now I want to add another 4TB disk (ada1) to enlarge the ...
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1 vote
1 answer
440 views

FreeBSD/ZFS disk in pool and not in a pool at the same time

I have following status: $ zpool status pool: cs01 state: DEGRADED status: One or more devices has been taken offline by the administrator. Sufficient replicas exist for the pool to ...
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3 votes
0 answers
238 views

FreeBSD major update broke vpnc connectivity, incoming ESP traffic doesn't appear unencrypted on interfaces

I updated a FreeBSD box from 10.4 to 11.2-RELEASE-p4 recently and it seems to have broken the vpnc VPN connectivity. Here's the vpnc.conf: IPSec gateway 10.1.0.1 IPSec ID vpnuser IPSec secret ...
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0 votes
1 answer
239 views

Installing a WD Red NAS drive on a bare metal Freebsd 11.2 machine with ZFS

WD Red NAS drives come with built in firmware (NASware 3.0). If the drive is not going to be used in a conventional NAS device, such as a Synology or FreeNAS machine, are there any special procedures ...
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-1 votes
1 answer
370 views

shutdown -h now: FreeBSD server won't power down [closed]

I'm not a sysadmin, but got a used dell poweredge r320 anyway. A problem I've been having with it is that after issuing the shutdown -h now command in FreeBSD the system goes through the init system ...
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  • 123
0 votes
3 answers
499 views

SED to search for and delete ip with a partial match

I have various bash scripts that run, they scan log files for folks who try and make mischief, spam us and so on. I have been struggling with this for some days trying to figure this out. I have a ...
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11 votes
0 answers
408 views

How much does FreeBSD accept_filter actually improve performance in a modern world?

I recently learned about FreeBSD's accept_filter socket option which can allow a worker process to avoid context switching by, for example, waiting until a full HTTP request is received with accf_http:...
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8 votes
1 answer
1k views

Offline uncorrectable sectors in SSDs being used for ZFS L2ARC?

I have two enterprise-grade SSDs that I've been using for L2ARC in an OpenZFS pool for a few years. Workflow during this time has been fairly heavy, with lots of reads and writes, serving up video to ...
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2 votes
2 answers
637 views

ZFS replace disks in freebsd, how and when

I have the following zpool configuration: zpool status NAME STATE READ WRITE CKSUM data ONLINE 0 0 0 raidz2-0 ONLINE 0 0 0 da1 ...
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-3 votes
1 answer
483 views

Freebsd shutdown privileges

I need to create a user and deny them permission to turn off the machine. DO SOMEONE KNOW HOW TO CHANGE THE PERMISSIONS OF A NORMAL USER TO NOT ALLOW ME TO TURN OFF?
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3 votes
1 answer
111 views

How do I configure ZFS to panic on da (SCSI) disk failure?

Situation: two redundant FreeBSD machines using CARP to share a primary IP, running a frontend proxy (E.G. HAproxy or nginx) Primary machine experiences a loss of SCSI disk (E.G. disk failure, SAN ...
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1 vote
1 answer
682 views

I can not compile samba

I can not compile samba,I make the command "./configure" and it returns this error "Samba AD DC and --enable-selftest requires lmdb 0.9.16 or later"
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1 vote
0 answers
315 views

DKIM - how to account for different hostnames for the mail host (sendmail, FreeBSD 10.3)

I'm trying to use DKIM on a FreeBSD 10.3 box using "stock" sendmail. I followed this tutorial: https://www.dan.me.uk/blog/2016/06/01/add-dkim-signing-to-freebsd-servers and now DKIM "works" -- ...
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1 vote
1 answer
2k views

Routing troubles on secondary FIB/routing table on FreeBSD

I have a need for a secondary routing table on this machine. I've got everything mostly set up, but I'm having an issue getting the default route working on the secondary fib. In most information I ...
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0 votes
1 answer
999 views

How can I clear freebsd caсhe

I used scp to copy a file from another system. After copy has finished I want to clear the cache. My os is FreeBS 9.2. Can I do this and how should I do this? Thanks
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  • 111
1 vote
1 answer
1k views

Mount a partition from a VM disk ZFS snapshot in FreeNAS

I have a KVM image running on a Zvol in linux that is a block device containing an ext4 partition. It is snapshotted regularly and pushed to a FreeNAS box for backup. If I ever need to recover a ...
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5 votes
0 answers
1k views

FreeBSD networking setup for multiple jails - interface clones or aliases

While setting up multiple jails on a FreeBSD machine, I also (naturally) need to set up the networking for each jail. It seems to me there are two ways of achieving the same goal setting up multiple ...
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  • 255
1 vote
0 answers
1k views

How to reinstall boot loader on FreeBSD?

I'm planning to use rsync to clone an entire FreeBSD server to another machine, overwriting the files of the existing old FreeBSD OS (minus /etc/hostid and a few others) But that would break the boot ...
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  • 171
3 votes
0 answers
654 views

NFS share group permission not respected

I have a linux client and freebsd nfs server (NAS4free actually) NFS share is mounted by fstab this way: server:/mnt/disk/ZHomeData on /data type nfs (rw,nosuid,relatime,vers=3,rsize=32768,wsize=...
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  • 41
0 votes
1 answer
194 views

Unable to connect postfix to amavisd in FreeBSD-11 jail

Attempting to send a message through Postfix on a jailed instance of FreeBSD-11 results in the following error when amavisd is configured: /usr/local/sbin/amavisd[47180]: (!)DENIED ACCESS from IP 127....
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1 vote
1 answer
2k views

swap_pager: indefinite wait buffer

I am using ZFS to receive some datasets around 60GB: bzip2 -c -d mail.bz2 | zfs receive -F tank/jails/mail Almost before finishing I start to get this error multiple times: swap_pager: indefinite ...
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  • 548
0 votes
1 answer
642 views

iocage jail with different subnet cannot ping network

I have a FreeBSD 11.1 iocage jail on a different subnet than the host and I want it to reach other hosts on the same subnet as the host. Host IP: 192.168.0.10 (interface re0) Default GW: 192.168.0.1 ...
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-5 votes
1 answer
157 views

Stuck at setting up Postfix correctly with my own list of domains [closed]

I'm setting up Postfix + PostgreSql on FreeBsd to host my email server. I'm about 50% done. I'm confused with several *.cf files and can't figure out which I should use for this. I own several ...
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1 vote
1 answer
831 views

Unable to start OpenVpn on FreeBsd 11, it asks for --dev which I've already specified

My /etc/rc.conf in FreeBsd 11: hostname="abcd" sshd_enable="YES" static_routes="linklocal" ifconfig_vtnet0="DHCP" ifconfig_vtnet0_ipv6="inet6 accept_rtadv" ipv6_activate_all_interfaces="...
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  • 11
0 votes
1 answer
125 views

migrate stopped mariadb server to new one

Hi I'm running a freenas system where I have two jails. One jail is broken in a way that I cannot start the mariadb server anymore due to userland and kernel version mismatch. So I created a new jail ...
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  • 101
1 vote
1 answer
515 views

Plan for hot replacing damaged RAID-1 drive in freebsd 9.0

i have System FreeBSD 9.0 with RAID configuration # mfiutil show config mfi0 Configuration: 2 arrays, 2 volumes, 0 spares array 0 of 2 drives: drive 4 ( 558G) ONLINE <SEAGATE ...
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  • 21
0 votes
1 answer
470 views

Move Let's Encrypt from Ubuntu+Nginx to FreeBSD+Nginx

I have been running Let's Encrypt's certbot utility with NGINX on Ubuntu Server 17.10 for a while now, and while it has been working well, I prefer FreeBSD. Until recently (Feb 2018), the nginx plugin ...
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  • 11
1 vote
0 answers
425 views

problems getting openvpn to start: segmentation fault 11

I am having some trouble getting open vpn to start on FreeBSD I am doing this in a Freenas Jail and trying to follow the guide at https://forums.freenas.org/index.php?threads/how-to-install-openvpn-...
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  • 111
0 votes
2 answers
456 views

carp single wan address

I try to put in place 2 freebsd routers with carp interfaces. since I have only one wan address, lets say : 1.2.3.4 I'd like to use private range ips to do carp jobs : 10.0.0.1(router1) alias (1.2.3....
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1 vote
1 answer
822 views

set umask 000 on Windows?

Sorry if this sounds like a dumb question, but don't have a lot of experience with NFS and Windows together. I have a user on a Win10 ENT box, connected up to a FreeBSD server. And with the Macs, when ...
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  • 23
1 vote
1 answer
298 views

CPU Total is wrong displayed for a process in monit

I am using Monit, and I am monitoring a few processes. I have 12 vCPUS, and system is around 20% usage. Yet M/Monit shows some processes to go up to 100%. Well they actually do but just a single CPU. ...
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2 votes
0 answers
919 views

Access denied for all users after MariaDb upgrade

I discovered this morning that MariaDb had been removed from my server in the process of upgrading from FreeBSD 10.3 to 11.1. After getting the database engine reinstalled, and resolving the problems ...
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3 votes
1 answer
168 views

Sendmail process crashes as soon as STARTTLS is received

I just upgraded my server from FreeBSD 10.3 to 11.1. It's now running Sendmail 8.15.2 and OpenSSL 1.0.2k-freebsd 26 Jan 2017. Since the upgrade, sending mail to my server is failing. I cranked up ...
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