Questions tagged [freebsd]

FreeBSD is an advanced operating system for a variety of architectures. It is derived from BSD, the version of UNIX® developed at the University of California, Berkeley; and is developed and maintained by a large team of individuals. It is a complete Operating System, including the kernel, drivers, and userland utilities such as shells.

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Freebsd 11 custom installer memstick with packages [closed]

I use freebsd 11 memstick installer image always but need some packages if I install freebsd 11 then I should install some packages ( phpmyadmin, php7, nginx, mysql, nano) and enabled root ssh vb ...
owermaster's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
590 views

Periodically 504 timeout with nginx and php-fpm

I have php-fpm 7.0 and nginx 1.11.6 in FreeBSD 10.3. Sometimes I get 504 timeout even when the server has a lot of free resources. Nginx waiting answer from php-fpm 30 seconds. I write application ...
Hayate's user avatar
  • 171
1 vote
0 answers
183 views

expect, mpd5 and dynamic config loading

I have a FreeBSD server that's connected to WAN using PPPoE. Iva esuccessfully set ip the L2TP and PPTP VPN ontop of this PPPoE WAN connection. The problem is that L2TP needs to call 'set lt2p self ` ...
drookie's user avatar
  • 8,578
2 votes
1 answer
1k views

Enable IPv6 in MariaDB in FreeBSD jail

I'm trying to set up a MariaDB 10.2 Server on a FreeBSD 11.2 Jail. The Server is running and accepts remote connections via IPv4 just fine. According to sockstat, it should also be listening on IPv6: ...
Burnus's user avatar
  • 166
0 votes
2 answers
1k views

PF blocking out Flags [FP.]

On a FreeBSD 12 server, I started to notice that pf is blocking out having Flags [FP.], the logs are flooded with something like this: 00:00:00.000004 rule 2/0(match): block out on bge0: 213.59.241....
nbari's user avatar
  • 558
0 votes
1 answer
431 views

Something sends emails to email@example.com permanently

I'm watching multiple lines in maillog for the last few days Feb 26 06:00:17 d3355 sm-mta[2682]: x1L5tNWu013205: to=<email@example.com>, delay=4+21:04:54, xdelay=00:00:00, mailer=esmtp, pri=...
heximal's user avatar
  • 175
0 votes
2 answers
691 views

Time is going too fast on FreeBSD 12 on compute engine

I have created a FreeBSD VM on Google cloud engine. The image is installed with ntpd configured and is running: $service ntpd status ntpd is running as pid 4950. But date is in the future, the time ...
DNRN's user avatar
  • 101
1 vote
2 answers
4k views

Trapped in freebsd-update fetch with strange End display

FreeBSD noob here. When I run freebsd-update fetch on a fresh install of FreeBSD 12.0, it ends with, well, End, without taking me back to a prompt. How do I exit this screen?
LearningFast's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
2k views

Releasing zfs arc memory on FreeBSD

I have a machine running FreeBSD that is subject to a variety of workloads, rabging from Disk intensive to memory intensive. If large amounts of ZFS data are accessed, then the Wired Memory usage can ...
camelccc's user avatar
  • 255
0 votes
2 answers
649 views

FreeBSD-12.0 PF firewall default rule is blocking when more specific rule allowing is ignored

Our PF firewall contains this: . . . scrub in all fragment reassemble no-df max-mss 1440 ### em1 ipv4 = 123.12.3.234 nat log on $ext_if \ from $net_nat \ ...
James B. Byrne's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
1k views

FreeBSD swap usage with mysql

For the past few months, on a few different servers with similar FreeBSD versions and specs, I've been experiencing high swap usage with MySQL while seemingly having plenty of free RAM. FreeBSD 11.2-...
Duncan Fairley's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
896 views

how to update and maintain multiple jails (ZFS & nullfs skeleton)

There are multiple ways and tools to create jails, and now that disk spaces is becoming cheaper the creation of a full jail (having already compiled a world) is just a matter of seconds: zfs create ...
nbari's user avatar
  • 558
1 vote
0 answers
542 views

MongoDB rc.d script for FreeBSD

I want to start MongoDB (aka mondgod) as a service under FreeBSD. I have the following in rc.conf: mongod_enable="YES" mongod_config="/usr/local/etc/mongodb.conf" mongod_dpath="/var/db/mongod" But ...
John R. Woodward's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
314 views

Getting NodeJS to run on FreeBSD as a Supervisor-PCM process

What I'm trying to do: I'm trying to create a small webhooks_server using 3 technologies: a FreeBSD server a NodeJS server a process control syster (Supervisor) When I run my test code on the ...
Nactus's user avatar
  • 101
1 vote
1 answer
2k views

Sendmail in FreeBSD send with external SMTP without auth

I'm sorry if this might sound confusing at first. My brother asked me to make a web server for him because he wanted to self host his own website and not use a hosting service anymore. The problem ...
Comrade Zed's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
119 views

FreeBSD: redirect some UDP traffic from one port to another

I have some specialized DNS servers running on FreeBSD 11. A few people keep hammering on them and I would like to give them different answers. So I'd like to divert UDP traffic from those hosts from ...
John Levine's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
7k views

Postfix not resolving MX record

Log to=<x.y@example.com>, relay=none, delay=21311, delays=21301/0.04/10/0, dsn=4.4.3, status=deferred (Host or domain name not found. Name service error for name=localdomain type=MX: Host not ...
pdna's user avatar
  • 229
1 vote
1 answer
392 views

uWSGI Emperor new apps are not started immediately

I run uWSGI in Emperor mode. Everything is fine and works but if i add a new myapplication.ini uWSGI needs minutes to hours bevor recognize the change and starts a new app. The Documentation says ...
monocult's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
2k views

how can I install PHP 5.3 on FreeBSD 11.2

I have an old app written in PHP 5.3 that is not to be upgraded and doesn't work with php56 and higher. I'd like to install PHP 5.3 with most of the extensions on FreeBSD 11.2 box. And then I'd like ...
norbi771's user avatar
  • 151
0 votes
1 answer
592 views

df not showing subdirectories, only "multiple" parent directory

For example, we have directory structure: Root Directory Directory #1 Subdirectory #1 Subdirectory #2 Subdirectory #3 Directory #2 Directory #3 Now I'm using df -h to check disk usage but: ...
Paul's user avatar
  • 103
1 vote
0 answers
876 views

BHyVe: Is there any way to boot to UEFI shell?

I'm starting BHyVe virtual machine with UEFI firmware from ports using chyves and I have a problem with a boot loader misconfiguration on this particular VM. I don't want to boot to OS in order to ...
user avatar
-1 votes
1 answer
587 views

FreeBSD top disk io read write units

In FreeBSD you can run "top -m io" and it will show you disk io. For example: What units is the WRITE/READ in, bytes or kilobytes or megabytes?
Exocomp's user avatar
  • 163
1 vote
1 answer
1k views

Trouble enabling OTP for Opnsense logins

I'm trying to secure my firewall machine by enabling OPT for Opnsense. At a glance, it seems straight forward, see https://wiki.opnsense.org/manual/how-tos/two_factor.html. However, it doesn't seem to ...
bugzbunny's user avatar
8 votes
1 answer
1k views

File-sharing over Infiniband on FreeBSD

I have a pair of servers, which I'd like to connect to each other directly -- rather than through the switch shared by the rest of the network. I expect to benefit from lower latency and higher ...
Mikhail T.'s user avatar
  • 2,282
0 votes
0 answers
1k views

Amavis decide_mail_destiny crash

After upgrading to FreeBSD 12 I'm experiencing issues with amavis from time to time. The reason for the crash in unclear for now. A simple kill -9 $amavispid && service amavids start does ...
Daywalker's user avatar
  • 495
22 votes
1 answer
12k views

FreeBSD Jails or Docker instances [closed]

What are the main differences between jails on FreeBSD and Docker on Linux? Is one considerably more secure or more performant than the other? Jails are way older than Docker instances so the code ...
Simba's user avatar
  • 335
-1 votes
1 answer
117 views

transfer raid 0 array from freenas to windows

I have three disks in raid 0 with some data on it (not mission critical). This pool was created on a freenas installation and I was wondering if there is a way to re-mount the same raid 0 array in ...
Michael de Borst's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
362 views

Why do SSH keys work for users `root` & `freebsd` but not `postgres` (database owner)?

I have been using FreeBSD running an a virtual machine at DigitalOcean.com. I use Secure Shell (SSH) from my Mac to remote into a console session on the VM. I used ssh-keygen to create the pair of ...
Basil Bourque's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
3k views

Where to find logs from Postgres 11.1 on FreeBSD 11.2?

Having built Postgres 11.1 on my FreeBSD 11.2 machine, where might I find the logs output from Postgres. Specifically, when attempting to start Postgres for the first time, I get an error message from ...
Basil Bourque's user avatar
6 votes
3 answers
4k views

ZFS dataset doesn't automatically mount

Running on a FreeBSD 12.0 system, a dataset (my home directory) does not mount automatically at system boot. Manually mounting it (i.e. via zfs mount zroot/usr/home/username) works correctly. This ...
ctuffli's user avatar
  • 302
3 votes
5 answers
8k views

Get list of users in a group in FreeBSD

How to get a list of usernames assigned to a group in FreeBSD 11.1? This Question asks for a list of users or a list of groups. This Question asks for users who happen to be members of multiple ...
Basil Bourque's user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
7k views

Install Java 9, 10, 11, or 12 on FreeBSD 11.1

When I look to my up-to-date Ports collection: cd /usr/ports/java && ls -d openjdk* … I see only versions 6, 7, and 8 of Java in the OpenJDK releases: openjdk6 openjdk6-jre openjdk7 ...
Basil Bourque's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
407 views

Verify authenticity of SSH host on Digital Ocean droplet (FreeBSD)

When first connecting via SSH with keys to a newly minted Digital Ocean droplet VM running FreeBSD (per this tutorial), we get a message about “The authenticity of host blah-blah can’t be established”....
Basil Bourque's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
2k views

How to correctly attach a disk to a zpool to create a mirror? - zpool attach says no such pool or dataset

Yesterday one of my pools which is a mirror was degraded - one of two 2TB disks failed. I replaced the failed one with another disk 4TB (ada3). Now I want to add another 4TB disk (ada1) to enlarge the ...
conqueror's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
728 views

FreeBSD/ZFS disk in pool and not in a pool at the same time

I have following status: $ zpool status pool: cs01 state: DEGRADED status: One or more devices has been taken offline by the administrator. Sufficient replicas exist for the pool to ...
Adam Kłobukowski's user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
273 views

FreeBSD major update broke vpnc connectivity, incoming ESP traffic doesn't appear unencrypted on interfaces

I updated a FreeBSD box from 10.4 to 11.2-RELEASE-p4 recently and it seems to have broken the vpnc VPN connectivity. Here's the vpnc.conf: IPSec gateway 10.1.0.1 IPSec ID vpnuser IPSec secret ...
alo's user avatar
  • 31
0 votes
1 answer
267 views

Installing a WD Red NAS drive on a bare metal Freebsd 11.2 machine with ZFS

WD Red NAS drives come with built in firmware (NASware 3.0). If the drive is not going to be used in a conventional NAS device, such as a Synology or FreeNAS machine, are there any special procedures ...
user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
489 views

shutdown -h now: FreeBSD server won't power down [closed]

I'm not a sysadmin, but got a used dell poweredge r320 anyway. A problem I've been having with it is that after issuing the shutdown -h now command in FreeBSD the system goes through the init system ...
Chris H's user avatar
  • 133
0 votes
3 answers
1k views

SED to search for and delete ip with a partial match

I have various bash scripts that run, they scan log files for folks who try and make mischief, spam us and so on. I have been struggling with this for some days trying to figure this out. I have a ...
Godfrey Hamshire's user avatar
12 votes
0 answers
512 views

How much does FreeBSD accept_filter actually improve performance in a modern world?

I recently learned about FreeBSD's accept_filter socket option which can allow a worker process to avoid context switching by, for example, waiting until a full HTTP request is received with accf_http:...
Josh's user avatar
  • 9,130
8 votes
1 answer
1k views

Offline uncorrectable sectors in SSDs being used for ZFS L2ARC?

I have two enterprise-grade SSDs that I've been using for L2ARC in an OpenZFS pool for a few years. Workflow during this time has been fairly heavy, with lots of reads and writes, serving up video to ...
user260467's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
805 views

ZFS replace disks in freebsd, how and when

I have the following zpool configuration: zpool status NAME STATE READ WRITE CKSUM data ONLINE 0 0 0 raidz2-0 ONLINE 0 0 0 da1 ...
Sebastian's user avatar
  • 145
-3 votes
1 answer
601 views

Freebsd shutdown privileges

I need to create a user and deny them permission to turn off the machine. DO SOMEONE KNOW HOW TO CHANGE THE PERMISSIONS OF A NORMAL USER TO NOT ALLOW ME TO TURN OFF?
Mr.John's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
113 views

How do I configure ZFS to panic on da (SCSI) disk failure?

Situation: two redundant FreeBSD machines using CARP to share a primary IP, running a frontend proxy (E.G. HAproxy or nginx) Primary machine experiences a loss of SCSI disk (E.G. disk failure, SAN ...
Josh's user avatar
  • 9,130
1 vote
1 answer
784 views

I can not compile samba

I can not compile samba,I make the command "./configure" and it returns this error "Samba AD DC and --enable-selftest requires lmdb 0.9.16 or later"
Mr.John's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
350 views

DKIM - how to account for different hostnames for the mail host (sendmail, FreeBSD 10.3)

I'm trying to use DKIM on a FreeBSD 10.3 box using "stock" sendmail. I followed this tutorial: https://www.dan.me.uk/blog/2016/06/01/add-dkim-signing-to-freebsd-servers and now DKIM "works" -- ...
William Dudley's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
2k views

Routing troubles on secondary FIB/routing table on FreeBSD

I have a need for a secondary routing table on this machine. I've got everything mostly set up, but I'm having an issue getting the default route working on the secondary fib. In most information I ...
Brett Gmoser's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
1k views

How can I clear freebsd caсhe

I used scp to copy a file from another system. After copy has finished I want to clear the cache. My os is FreeBS 9.2. Can I do this and how should I do this? Thanks
F.M's user avatar
  • 111
1 vote
1 answer
1k views

Mount a partition from a VM disk ZFS snapshot in FreeNAS

I have a KVM image running on a Zvol in linux that is a block device containing an ext4 partition. It is snapshotted regularly and pushed to a FreeNAS box for backup. If I ever need to recover a ...
Nick Wiltshire's user avatar
5 votes
0 answers
2k views

FreeBSD networking setup for multiple jails - interface clones or aliases

While setting up multiple jails on a FreeBSD machine, I also (naturally) need to set up the networking for each jail. It seems to me there are two ways of achieving the same goal setting up multiple ...
dakini's user avatar
  • 345

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