Questions tagged [freebsd]

FreeBSD is an advanced operating system for a variety of architectures. It is derived from BSD, the version of UNIX® developed at the University of California, Berkeley; and is developed and maintained by a large team of individuals. It is a complete Operating System, including the kernel, drivers, and userland utilities such as shells.

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How to correctly attach a disk to a zpool to create a mirror? - zpool attach says no such pool or dataset

Yesterday one of my pools which is a mirror was degraded - one of two 2TB disks failed. I replaced the failed one with another disk 4TB (ada3). Now I want to add another 4TB disk (ada1) to enlarge the ...
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1answer
295 views

FreeBSD/ZFS disk in pool and not in a pool at the same time

I have following status: $ zpool status pool: cs01 state: DEGRADED status: One or more devices has been taken offline by the administrator. Sufficient replicas exist for the pool to ...
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0answers
210 views

FreeBSD major update broke vpnc connectivity, incoming ESP traffic doesn't appear unencrypted on interfaces

I updated a FreeBSD box from 10.4 to 11.2-RELEASE-p4 recently and it seems to have broken the vpnc VPN connectivity. Here's the vpnc.conf: IPSec gateway 10.1.0.1 IPSec ID vpnuser IPSec secret ...
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Installing a WD Red NAS drive on a bare metal Freebsd 11.2 machine with ZFS

WD Red NAS drives come with built in firmware (NASware 3.0). If the drive is not going to be used in a conventional NAS device, such as a Synology or FreeNAS machine, are there any special procedures ...
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1answer
247 views

shutdown -h now: FreeBSD server won't power down [closed]

I'm not a sysadmin, but got a used dell poweredge r320 anyway. A problem I've been having with it is that after issuing the shutdown -h now command in FreeBSD the system goes through the init system ...
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2answers
204 views

SED to search for and delete ip with a partial match

I have various bash scripts that run, they scan log files for folks who try and make mischief, spam us and so on. I have been struggling with this for some days trying to figure this out. I have a ...
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0answers
285 views

How much does FreeBSD accept_filter actually improve performance in a modern world?

I recently learned about FreeBSD's accept_filter socket option which can allow a worker process to avoid context switching by, for example, waiting until a full HTTP request is received with accf_http:...
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1answer
857 views

Offline uncorrectable sectors in SSDs being used for ZFS L2ARC?

I have two enterprise-grade SSDs that I've been using for L2ARC in an OpenZFS pool for a few years. Workflow during this time has been fairly heavy, with lots of reads and writes, serving up video to ...
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2answers
508 views

ZFS replace disks in freebsd, how and when

I have the following zpool configuration: zpool status NAME STATE READ WRITE CKSUM data ONLINE 0 0 0 raidz2-0 ONLINE 0 0 0 da1 ...
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1answer
352 views

Freebsd shutdown privileges

I need to create a user and deny them permission to turn off the machine. DO SOMEONE KNOW HOW TO CHANGE THE PERMISSIONS OF A NORMAL USER TO NOT ALLOW ME TO TURN OFF?
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1answer
105 views

How do I configure ZFS to panic on da (SCSI) disk failure?

Situation: two redundant FreeBSD machines using CARP to share a primary IP, running a frontend proxy (E.G. HAproxy or nginx) Primary machine experiences a loss of SCSI disk (E.G. disk failure, SAN ...
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1answer
607 views

I can not compile samba

I can not compile samba,I make the command "./configure" and it returns this error "Samba AD DC and --enable-selftest requires lmdb 0.9.16 or later"
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272 views

DKIM - how to account for different hostnames for the mail host (sendmail, FreeBSD 10.3)

I'm trying to use DKIM on a FreeBSD 10.3 box using "stock" sendmail. I followed this tutorial: https://www.dan.me.uk/blog/2016/06/01/add-dkim-signing-to-freebsd-servers and now DKIM "works" -- ...
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1answer
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Routing troubles on secondary FIB/routing table on FreeBSD

I have a need for a secondary routing table on this machine. I've got everything mostly set up, but I'm having an issue getting the default route working on the secondary fib. In most information I ...
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704 views

How can I clear freebsd caсhe

I used scp to copy a file from another system. After copy has finished I want to clear the cache. My os is FreeBS 9.2. Can I do this and how should I do this? Thanks
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1answer
843 views

Mount a partition from a VM disk ZFS snapshot in FreeNAS

I have a KVM image running on a Zvol in linux that is a block device containing an ext4 partition. It is snapshotted regularly and pushed to a FreeNAS box for backup. If I ever need to recover a ...
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0answers
973 views

FreeBSD networking setup for multiple jails - interface clones or aliases

While setting up multiple jails on a FreeBSD machine, I also (naturally) need to set up the networking for each jail. It seems to me there are two ways of achieving the same goal setting up multiple ...
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0answers
946 views

How to reinstall boot loader on FreeBSD?

I'm planning to use rsync to clone an entire FreeBSD server to another machine, overwriting the files of the existing old FreeBSD OS (minus /etc/hostid and a few others) But that would break the boot ...
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0answers
549 views

NFS share group permission not respected

I have a linux client and freebsd nfs server (NAS4free actually) NFS share is mounted by fstab this way: server:/mnt/disk/ZHomeData on /data type nfs (rw,nosuid,relatime,vers=3,rsize=32768,wsize=...
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1answer
163 views

Unable to connect postfix to amavisd in FreeBSD-11 jail

Attempting to send a message through Postfix on a jailed instance of FreeBSD-11 results in the following error when amavisd is configured: /usr/local/sbin/amavisd[47180]: (!)DENIED ACCESS from IP 127....
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1answer
2k views

swap_pager: indefinite wait buffer

I am using ZFS to receive some datasets around 60GB: bzip2 -c -d mail.bz2 | zfs receive -F tank/jails/mail Almost before finishing I start to get this error multiple times: swap_pager: indefinite ...
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1answer
573 views

iocage jail with different subnet cannot ping network

I have a FreeBSD 11.1 iocage jail on a different subnet than the host and I want it to reach other hosts on the same subnet as the host. Host IP: 192.168.0.10 (interface re0) Default GW: 192.168.0.1 ...
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1answer
101 views

Stuck at setting up Postfix correctly with my own list of domains [closed]

I'm setting up Postfix + PostgreSql on FreeBsd to host my email server. I'm about 50% done. I'm confused with several *.cf files and can't figure out which I should use for this. I own several ...
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1answer
665 views

Unable to start OpenVpn on FreeBsd 11, it asks for --dev which I've already specified

My /etc/rc.conf in FreeBsd 11: hostname="abcd" sshd_enable="YES" static_routes="linklocal" ifconfig_vtnet0="DHCP" ifconfig_vtnet0_ipv6="inet6 accept_rtadv" ipv6_activate_all_interfaces="...
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1answer
120 views

migrate stopped mariadb server to new one

Hi I'm running a freenas system where I have two jails. One jail is broken in a way that I cannot start the mariadb server anymore due to userland and kernel version mismatch. So I created a new jail ...
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1answer
403 views

Plan for hot replacing damaged RAID-1 drive in freebsd 9.0

i have System FreeBSD 9.0 with RAID configuration # mfiutil show config mfi0 Configuration: 2 arrays, 2 volumes, 0 spares array 0 of 2 drives: drive 4 ( 558G) ONLINE <SEAGATE ...
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1answer
417 views

Move Let's Encrypt from Ubuntu+Nginx to FreeBSD+Nginx

I have been running Let's Encrypt's certbot utility with NGINX on Ubuntu Server 17.10 for a while now, and while it has been working well, I prefer FreeBSD. Until recently (Feb 2018), the nginx plugin ...
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344 views

problems getting openvpn to start: segmentation fault 11

I am having some trouble getting open vpn to start on FreeBSD I am doing this in a Freenas Jail and trying to follow the guide at https://forums.freenas.org/index.php?threads/how-to-install-openvpn-...
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2answers
424 views

carp single wan address

I try to put in place 2 freebsd routers with carp interfaces. since I have only one wan address, lets say : 1.2.3.4 I'd like to use private range ips to do carp jobs : 10.0.0.1(router1) alias (1.2.3....
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1answer
566 views

set umask 000 on Windows?

Sorry if this sounds like a dumb question, but don't have a lot of experience with NFS and Windows together. I have a user on a Win10 ENT box, connected up to a FreeBSD server. And with the Macs, when ...
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1answer
231 views

CPU Total is wrong displayed for a process in monit

I am using Monit, and I am monitoring a few processes. I have 12 vCPUS, and system is around 20% usage. Yet M/Monit shows some processes to go up to 100%. Well they actually do but just a single CPU. ...
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0answers
704 views

Access denied for all users after MariaDb upgrade

I discovered this morning that MariaDb had been removed from my server in the process of upgrading from FreeBSD 10.3 to 11.1. After getting the database engine reinstalled, and resolving the problems ...
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1answer
136 views

Sendmail process crashes as soon as STARTTLS is received

I just upgraded my server from FreeBSD 10.3 to 11.1. It's now running Sendmail 8.15.2 and OpenSSL 1.0.2k-freebsd 26 Jan 2017. Since the upgrade, sending mail to my server is failing. I cranked up ...
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2answers
1k views

How can I determine what permissions my user is missing for receiving a ZFS dataset?

I have a FreeNAS (11.1-U1) and a FreeBSD (11.1-RELEASE-p6) machine. On the FreeNAS I'd like to zfs receive recursive snapshots as a non-root user with delegated privileges. This appears to work well ...
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4answers
3k views

How to automatically restart a process after a crash or reboot in FreeBsd 11?

What's the idiomatic way? I'd prefer the most standard and yet simple way with fewer additional dependencies. Something like an alternative to systemd of Linux.
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1answer
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need to reset dirty bit on usb flash memory stick

We have a usb memory stick that FreeBSD-11 will not mount because its file system is not clean. It is not clean because it was removed from an extension cable while it was mounted on a FreeBSD-11 ...
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1answer
493 views

How to fix inode 2 on a FreeBSD ufs filesystem

My FreeBSD 11.1 system keeps panic-ing with this: kernel: panic: ufs_dirbad: /mnt: bad dir ino 2 at offset 0: mangled entry For such an error most forums suggest an older article (http://phaq....
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11answers
18k views

FreeBSD: Directory called ^C (really!) - how to remove?

I made a typo: $ history 169 9:34 la /usr/local/etc/ 170 9:35 sudo mkdir ^C 171 9:36 sudo mkdir /usr/local/etc/dnsmasq.d Now I have a file that is called ^C (ctrl+C)!! When I use ls I just ...
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1answer
2k views

sshd matching user config not working

On server i have only ssh auth, but for one user I need to add a specific folder and password based auth. So I created a user sudo adduser myuser then in /etc/ssh/sshd_config file I added: Match ...
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1answer
226 views

Does using jails in FreeBSD count as having a switch?

My network administrators don't like when I plug switch into the building network to fan-out to multiple computers. They want single link drop per physical NIC. Previously the blocked those MACs on ...
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0answers
21 views

How to enable users to manage certain groups on file server

Let's assume we are in a business environment and we want to configure a *nix/*BSD file server. The business does work for several customers, thus the folder structure has the clients' names on the ...
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0answers
560 views

php-fpm (PHP-7.1) cannot serve content to nginx on FreeBSD

I am trying to install nginx and php-fpm following this guide on a FreeBSD 11.1 system on a raspberrypi-B+. Everything behaves as described in the guide up to point 14, which involves opening a php ...
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1answer
798 views

doas on FreeBSD does not respect 5 minute timeout

I've setup doas to run on FreeBSD 11.1 as per these instructions and added the following line to my doas.conf: permit persist :wheel I've noticed that I need to insert my password every time I run ...
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0answers
2k views

What to set uwsgi uid and gid to?

I'm trying to have nginx connect to a uwsgi socket on FreeBSD. I've set the socket to 666 but whenever I issue a request in my browser I can see the following in my nginx logs: 2017/12/12 11:34:04 [...
3
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1answer
494 views

FreeBSD gateway between two private networks - NAT required?

I have two networks: 10.0.0.0/24 and 10.1.1.1/24. Default gateway to the Internet is 10.1.1.1 and my gateway system gets assigned 10.1.1.20 on the external interface and has 10.0.0.1 on the internal ...
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2answers
385 views

FreeBSD unecpected shutdown/power off

My digital ocean droplet have some unecpected shutdowns in the last days. The droplet ist off and i have to power it on again. If the system requested a power down then a log entry should exist. But ...
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2answers
145 views

How can I adjust the name of a process I run?

I have a rack/ruby application on a server. I run it as follows: nohup rackup -o 0.0.0.0 -p 1234 & In the output of "top" command it appears as simply "ruby" PID USERNAME THR PRI NICE ...
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1answer
439 views

3-drive RAID-1 on pfSense box

I have a pfSense box with a 2-drive RAID-1 using gmirror. Recently, a drive failed, and I replaced the drive, and the RAID-1 is now back to normal. But this incident also made me interested in ...
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1answer
348 views

Freebsd ssh gives no prompt

I'm trying to connect to a FreeBsd machine via ssh, but get no prompt in a client. I have changed these options in sshd_config: Port 253 PermitRootLogin no PasswordAuthentication yes It is possible ...
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0answers
430 views

Allowing Incoming Traffic over IPv6 with PF on FreeBSD

This is my current pf.conf on FreeBSD 11.1-RELEASE. It allows incoming connections from OpenVPN/UDP and SSH, as well as allows everything on the private/vpn networks (vtnet1 and tun0 respectively). ...

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