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Questions tagged [hard-drive]

Questions about hard disks' performance, issues, tips, and software.

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Booting Ubuntu fails with no bootable device [closed]

I took out the disk that was running Ubuntu server and put in a new one. On that new disk I installed Ubuntu server to try it out, however when I wanted to go back to my old disk and boot from that it ...
jolly jones's user avatar
4 votes
8 answers
2k views

Linux disk space running full

Trying to understand more of Linux and why our diskspace keeps running full with what. Little to none experience with Linux so bear with me /dev/sda2 is mounted on / and this disk keeps running full ...
Filip Huysmans's user avatar
0 votes
3 answers
47 views

Hard drive makes clicking sound when system starts but works if I keep it disconnected at start and connect after three seconds

I have a testing system with two 500 GB HDD (RAID 1) with an Intel based MB and Linux OS. (I don't know if these information are useful, the problems seems unrelated to OS or similar but I wrote them ...
Noisemaker's user avatar
0 votes
3 answers
29 views

Ubuntu: Use anacron and rsync for monthly backups to external drive

My goal is to write monthly backups of my ubuntu /home/ directory to an external drive, which after connecting it to the computer I can see at /media/ironman/Elements. To this end I use rsync. The ...
hyhno01's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
10 views

How to use an external hard drive as my main storage device which I can access/sync to my laptop like Google Drive? [migrated]

I have a MacBook laptop which I use to work from home and at the office. The Mac has a 500 GB hard drive which is not enough. I currently use Google Drive (1 TB used) and an external hard drive at ...
Darcy's user avatar
  • 109
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0 answers
40 views

Can I see fsck.exfat progress info, somehow?

e2fsck supports the -C switch for printing progress information; however - fsck.exfat does not. Is there any way to track its progress externally? perhaps something like a disk map which lights up ...
einpoklum's user avatar
  • 1,776
1 vote
0 answers
65 views

EventID 51: "An error was detected on device during a paging operation", but disks are fine

We are an MSP and receive this warning on several servers. But we are pretty sure all is fine. An error was detected on device \Device\Harddisk2\DR3 during a paging operation https://learn.microsoft....
roberth's user avatar
  • 173
-1 votes
1 answer
40 views

single RAID0 Harddrive stalls when mounting

This is a cross post / repost from my linux/Unix question, after I didn't get any further comments/answers to the adittional data I gave: Problem Description We are using a Debian 12 Server with a ...
morm's user avatar
  • 1
0 votes
1 answer
38 views

HP ProLiant 380G8 HDD tray staus blinks

I upgraded my RAID6 with two additional drives. Now have six 8TB drives in it. After adding, I modified arraysize to max (SSACLI installed on PVE), restarted and tuned the partition (parted, ext4). ...
Johannes C. Schulz's user avatar
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0 answers
15 views

One bay of RaidSonic Icy Box suddenly stopped working, other 3 remain functional, how to diagnose root cause?

I have a RaidSonic Icy Box IB-3740-C31, USB-C 3.1. It's served me well for the last few years and paired with an N100 16GB mini pc it acts as my personal home server and NAS storage. Suddenly, one ...
pascalwhoop's user avatar
5 votes
4 answers
1k views

Are RAID controllers blind to partition tables on individual disks?

I'm curious how the concept of partitions (and partition tables) co-exist with the concept of RAID arrays. Here is my current understanding (correct me if I'm wrong anywhere): A physical hard-drive ...
Izzo's user avatar
  • 175
0 votes
1 answer
73 views

Is my dedicated server HD dying?

I have a dedicated server with 2 3TB SATA HDs. I use the server to create and share torrents. Recently I got the following error message when trying to create a torrent based on files on that server. ...
beta's user avatar
  • 205
0 votes
1 answer
37 views

For a storage server, practically do we need to worry about reading undetectable bit rot on hard drives?

Practically speaking, with a modern hard drive, do we need to worry about a bit rot goes undetected on a hard drive when read? Assuming that the bit rot occurs on the disk, not in memory or elsewhere. ...
xuhdev's user avatar
  • 972
1 vote
1 answer
53 views

GCP Compute Engine CPU peaks every 10 min during disk load

I am experiencing CPU peaks during disk demanding tasks on the GCP Compute Engine every 10 minutes. I want to understand the reason why these peaks occur. My goal is to either eliminate these peaks or ...
luddite478's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
169 views

Free disk space of Zabbix server is less than 20% on volume /var/lib

Zabbix server's /var/lib free disk space is running low. See the picture below https://i.sstatic.net/Jpbx7kl2.png Checking the server, the ibdata1 file is causing the problem. See the picture below ...
Khurel Bat's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
29 views

How can a folder size be greater than the actual disk capacity on Ubuntu?

So, a little background: I have a 2TB hard disk that serves as a backup for files (ext4 formated) The disk was reporting +90% used space, so I bought a 4TB disk Formated the 4TB to LVM with ext4 My ...
Bert's user avatar
  • 1,094
1 vote
0 answers
490 views

Ansible playbook to format and mount unused disks

I am trying to setup a disk on Linux with Ansible. I am fairly new to ansible. I have managed to get a list of all unused disks (though it will probably consist of just one) but I am having issues to ...
javiers's user avatar
  • 31
0 votes
1 answer
117 views

Upgrade HDD to SSD - RAID 1

I will upgrade a RAID 1 with 2 HDDs to a RAID 1 with 2 SSDs on a Dell T420 server (PERC H310). But first I'd like to make some tests with a new OS installation on this new RAID 1 with SSDs. Can I take ...
Robolts's user avatar
  • 13
0 votes
1 answer
58 views

Can a faulty cable (or other issue) cause SMART errors with a perfectly good drive?

On a lot of my drives I get WRITE|READ FPDMA QUEUED errors, like so: Error 23 occurred at disk power-on lifetime: 43915 hours (1829 days + 19 hours) When the command that caused the error occurred, ...
Franz Kafka's user avatar
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0 answers
31 views

I gave a 2.2 TB hard disk but only 100GB (sda->sda3->ubuntu--vg-ubuntu--lv) mounted in / [duplicate]

I have ubuntu 22.04 server on my vm in esxi and iam new for this The size of my current directory(/home/<username>) after login is only 100GB df -h . Filesystem Size ...
Yudha Restu's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
319 views

dmesg spamming "Power-on or device reset occurred"

So I have a DELL R730xd Server with 24 SSDs on a PERC H730P Mini controller in HBA mode. All 24 drives are in one big ZFS Raid-Z2 pool. I have noticed that dmesg gets spammed with a lot of these ...
FloatingPointOperation's user avatar
0 votes
3 answers
71 views

How to recover if a disk with OS on dedicated server fails?

Dedicated server on a private cloud that consists of four disks. One of the disks contains the operating system (OS). If the disk fails, the server will not start, and we cannot extract data from the ...
sss3243's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
348 views

How do data centers deal with constant disk failure?

According to disk reliability report on 2022 https://www.techspot.com/news/97909-ssd-reliability-only-slightly-better-than-hdd-backblaze.html SSD hard drives have a annualized failure rate of 0.98% , ...
olaf's user avatar
  • 101
0 votes
1 answer
78 views

vmstat + on RHEL machine high values of swpd

The swpd field indicates how much swap space has been used; this value increases when the systems physical memory is full and the Linux kernel starts to use the swap partition/file. When the systems ...
King David's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
190 views

Shrink/Reduce disk size on a Linux RAID 1 server

i am looking for a way to clone my HDD to SSD without loosing data or the Linux system itself. The problem is the size of current HDD is 1TB and the SSD we got have 480GB, so i can't clone directly ...
Metre's user avatar
  • 3
2 votes
1 answer
1k views

RHEL + how to prevent OS disk - sda to change after reboot

We installed RHEL 7.9 version on physical machine., when sda device was the OS. The machine has the following disks. sda - OS disk sdb - data disk sdc - data disk After reboot OS disk device changed ...
King David's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
128 views

Apache Kafka Kraft best practices and what is the preferred disk storage for the meta-data topic

My question concerns the recommended disk storage for the topic __cluster_metadata-0 under controllers in Kraft mode. we have two options: Locate the topic __cluster_metadata-0 , on OS volume as /...
King David's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
199 views

Debian 11 fails to update grub configuration

I have the following error when I run an update script with ansible: Generating grub configuration file ...", "Found linux image: /boot/vmlinuz-5.10.0-26-amd64", "Found initrd ...
javiers's user avatar
  • 31
0 votes
1 answer
336 views

Error 20580 occurred at disk power-on lifetime

I just put new discs to my server and I want to create raid but during initial rebuild (raid 5) I get disc failure. After that I have problem to check SMART parameter of that disc. After reboot I get ...
macwojs's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
133 views

MSSQL database slow when move database on other disk

MSSQL Developer Edition, with many database online for test purposes. To better handle disk space, I moved some databases to another disk. Moved databases perform slower than the original location (...
Felice Pollano's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
57 views

Reasons for high disk time but minimal IOPS

Can anyone possibly suggest scenarios on a large database system where system stats show a rapidly increasing disk time stats, but next to no actual disk IO? When working with lots of large files, ...
Chris Phillips's user avatar
6 votes
3 answers
2k views

Can I make md (Linux software RAID) more fault tolerant?

I have a particular hard drive in a RAID 1 mirror that gets failed out under heavy load, typically, when I run a full backup. There is nothing wrong with the drive. Ok, it is getting one error when ...
Nick's user avatar
  • 4,646
0 votes
0 answers
109 views

kafka + what is the meaning of Log directory is offline

our Kafka production cluster include 23 broker machines , and each broker include 35 JBOD disks broker version is - apache 2.7 version , and cluster include 5 zookeeper servers from /var/log/kafka/...
King David's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
49 views

Curious? LVM on a brand new drive?

i wanted to replace a broken zfs-drive on my server and got a "sealed" drive from my storage for that usage, but when i first checked the drive it shows me that there is a LVM on it. My ...
Chris9834's user avatar
  • 301
0 votes
0 answers
96 views

Data restoration of a RAID1 drive from a QNAP NAS

I have a dead QNAP HS-251 NAS enclosure, using two disks in RAID1. The enclosure is dead, but the drives seem fine. I would like to recover the data on it. . Of course, I have no backup... Stupidly,I ...
pim999's user avatar
  • 109
1 vote
0 answers
461 views

/dev/sda Currently unreadable (pending) sectors alert but smartclt shows everything as 0

I already read the similar questions but mine seems to tell a different story or the answers there don't work for me. SMART error (CurrentPendingSector) detected on host Device: /dev/sda [SAT], 1 ...
IMTheNachoMan's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
53 views

What is a good choise for heavily used data storage

We are a small business that analyze lots of biological data, writing and reading something in range from 500Gb to 1.5Tb now to produce final results that are much smaller. I personally am a data ...
Sergej Andrejev's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
125 views

Different size of disk in disk management and my computer, after extend in Hyper-V

I have a problem after live extend disk from Hyper-V on running machine. I normally increase the disk size from Hyper-V (300GB->1.3TB), then on system using disk management for extend. In this case,...
djego96's user avatar
  • 27
0 votes
1 answer
60 views

HPE ProLiant DL380 Gen10 server RHEL8

I have two physical servers host RHEL8 lets name them (server1, server2). Server1 has 4 physical disks configured on RAID1. The size of disk1 and disk2 together equal 800GB, and disk3 and disk4 equal ...
Abeer Zahrani's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
139 views

kafka kraft configuration + dedicated controllers machines

We are preparing Huge Kafka Kraft cluster Installation is on 35 physical Linux machines and 3 dedicated controllers on 3 VM Linux machines each broker machine include: 512G RAM memory 64 CORE's ...
King David's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
461 views

Converting partition from basic to dynamic in Windows Server 2022 gives security error

The server has 2 1 TB SSD drives, meant to be in RAID1 on the OS level, using Windows Disk Management, or Diskpart. We have over one hundred of servers with this configuration which were installed ...
Vojta's user avatar
  • 1
5 votes
2 answers
1k views

Data corruption when disk write caching is enabled

I've recently learned that enabling disk write caching can significantly improve system performance. However, I'm concerned about the potential risks of data corruption or loss in case of a sudden ...
IT Researcher143's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
204 views

MYSQL use too much disk (read / write)

I have big problem with my server. I am using Ubuntu linux version 22.04. The problem is in the write / read disk (light for the disk is all the time ON) when I have turn on apache (PHP) and MYSQL. ...
Jure's user avatar
  • 11
1 vote
0 answers
246 views

Hyper-V: partitions in external drives appear in fdisk but not lsblk

I have an Ubuntu VM hosted in HyperV server and a pair of usb enclosures (one SSD, one spinning metal) successfully passed through as SCSI hard drives in my Linux VM. Issue: whenever booting the VM, ...
Alexander L's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
55 views

SAS channel speed and multiple disk setup

I have the following setup and looking for recommendations on the 2 connection options: 1x SAS Controller in HBA mode with 2x SAS Ports 2 SAS cables with 4 SAS connectors each 4x HDs with 6GB/s SAS ...
Marc's user avatar
  • 101
0 votes
0 answers
137 views

arch linux laptop not recognizing partitions or filesystems on internal windows SDA drive

I bought a laptop with windows 11 and installed arch linux on it. The laptop has 3 internal 500GB SSDs. Two of them are in a RAID configuration to make a single 1TB partition which Windows came ...
alvyn720's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
250 views

DIsk Performance Counters not available remotely

The Physical Disk performance counters of a Windows Server 2016 are present and available locally, but not remotely. I've tried many suggestions out there such as checking registry, lodctr /r and ...
Nick's user avatar
  • 11
1 vote
0 answers
206 views

Supermicro server - Replacing faulty disks in a Raid-50

I have a Supermicro server model: X9DR3-F. The server acts as a ESXi host with a Windows 2012R2 server on top of it all. The server has 22 disks in a RAID-50, with disk 22 being the hot spare. I have ...
Jesper Ekelund's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
440 views

Adding a disk to an existing RAID fails with "disk doesn't have enough capacity"

I have a very old physical server using many disks in a number of RAID6 group. Those disks are not in the same chassis, instead is a JBOD system connected through the RAID controller on this server. ...
Heelara's user avatar
  • 141
1 vote
2 answers
271 views

Prefetched Small File Cache

First, my use case: On my Linux-based server I am getting unsatisfactory disk IO performance for small files, and am limited to the approximately 100 IOPS that a 7200rpm HDD will support. This is of ...
lte678's user avatar
  • 13

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