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Questions tagged [sata]

Serial ATA (SATA or Serial Advanced Technology Attachment) is a computer bus interface for connecting host bus adapters to mass storage devices such as hard disk drives and optical drives. Serial ATA was designed to replace the older ATA (AT Attachment) standard (also known as EIDE), offering many advantages over the older parallel ATA (PATA) interface.

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BIOS does not see inserted Dell Constellation,2SED HDD on Supermicro X10DRL-I with BPN-SAS3-113A-N2 backplane

Not a hardware guy. We have a used eight-bay Supermicro (SM) X10DRL-I that came without drives. We have six working Constellation.2SED 1Tb (serial attached scsi) drives salvaged from a disused Power-...
James B. Byrne's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
184 views

HDD failed, but can PCB replacement fix it?

My WD RED WD80EFAX HDD suddenly died last week: I shut down my Proxmox server, booted it up again and the drive started "clicking". It was clicking for a while, until it stopped and no ...
dawidw's user avatar
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SSD Configuration choices for a 2-Way-Mirror Software RAID

I want data redundancy for my SSDs, and so would likely be using a software RAID like Windows Storage Spaces in a simple, fully-provisioned 2-way mirror configuration. To minimize the risk of both ...
Fit Nerd's user avatar
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5 votes
2 answers
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Data corruption when disk write caching is enabled

I've recently learned that enabling disk write caching can significantly improve system performance. However, I'm concerned about the potential risks of data corruption or loss in case of a sudden ...
IT Researcher143's user avatar
-1 votes
1 answer
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Silicon Image Raid5 search for data recovery options [closed]

In a HP server with windows 2008-R2. There is a PCI Silicon Image SATA raid controller with 4 SATA disks. In the controller is a config to make them in a Raid5 config. Windows is seeing them as 1 ...
SmartThinker's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
757 views

PowerEdge430 - BIOS can detect SSD, but OS installer cannot

I have a Samsung SSD 860 EVO 2.5" SATA III 500GB which I'm trying to use as the OS installation drive for a newly-acquired PowerEdge R430 with 8 2.5" drive bays. I've installed the drive in ...
scubbo's user avatar
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141 views

HBA in Linux storage server - best practices for many HDDs

I will launch and administrate a Linux storage server: 4U, HBA LSI 9500-16i Tri-Mode, hybrid. It wiill possess 12 positions for the HDDs/SSDs in the back, 24 positions in front. There is an expander ...
michalt's user avatar
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-1 votes
2 answers
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ProLiant ML350 Gen9 SATA Questions [closed]

Im a newbie with the "real" server-world, previously I've used ordinary pc's for servers but got my hands on a ML350 Gen9 recently and decided to have a go. Now to my questions. 1, How large ...
Anders's user avatar
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1 answer
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HP Proliant DL380 gen9 SATA drives

Considering buying this server. It has 16GB RAM, two 300GB SAS drives, and two Xeon E5-2640v4 processors. It appears that the backplane is capable of either SAS or SATA drives and I was hoping ...
Craig's user avatar
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1 answer
993 views

Best way to clone a single disk from a Software RAID1 Array in Linux server

How can I clone a single HDD bootable disk from a Software RAID1 Array in Linux server? It is currently a two-disk HDD mirror array. I have physical access to the server, and it has empty bays for ...
jamminjames's user avatar
-2 votes
2 answers
40 views

I need an adaptor to read my old laptop harddisk [closed]

I want to find an adaptor that will allow me to read my old Laptop harddrive. Can someone help me find the right adaptor for this?
Gaurav Jain's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
601 views

who is setting my link_power_management_policy?

I am experiencing issues with my sata connection. Thus, I want to change /sys/class/scsi_host/host*/link_power_management_policy to max_performance. For that, I execute on boot a script: cat /etc/...
henfri's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
900 views

Dell R640 onboard SAS and SATA connectors

Dell R640 / R740 system boards have seven or eight onboard SATA and SAS connectors, presumably usable for connecting HDDs & SSDs without a PERC controller. In the "System board jumpers and ...
Dave Burton's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
2k views

RAID Controller -- SAS Expander -- SATA drives. What max throughput can be expected?

I am building fast recovery solution. And there is a stuck with the choosing of the RAID controller. I have a chain: 24 SATA SSD drives each performing at 4Gbit/s. Total write throughput is 96Gbit/s. ...
Mitchel's user avatar
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14 votes
1 answer
2k views

Faulty SATA disk but with a periodic error?

I have a Seagate St2000dm001 2TB Barracuda Sata3 disk that is producing errors similar to this : [Tue Jun 14 10:02:06 2022] ata2.00: exception Emask 0x0 SAct 0x1 SErr 0x0 action 0x6 frozen [Tue Jun 14 ...
Nicholas Glykos's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
1k views

Max Hard Drive Size for SATA 2

Recently acquired a 1U Supermicro E3-1230 with two 3.5" drive bays, and thinking of buying two 18TB SATA-3 hard drives for it. Before I make this investment, would anyone know if SATA-2 (3 Gbps) ...
Crash Override's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
4k views

Synology Storage Manager rejects healthy disks as "Critical" because of "reset commands"?

I am trying to install a new HDD in my DS1515+. The hard drives are brand new Seagate Exos X. I have bought 3 of these drives, and 1 of them works fine and is now part of my storage pool, but the ...
Esben von Buchwald's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
55 views

Supermicro Caddies - mounting 2.5" SATA disks in 3.5" caddies

I need to replace some 3.5" drives with 2.5" SATA SSD's in an older (remote) Supermicro system where I do not know the Chassis model. What I do know is the motherboard is an X10DRi ...
davidgo's user avatar
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SATA errors showing up in Journalctl while SMART Diagnostic ok - Motherboard issue?

After noticing abnormally long disk operations delays, I looked up journalctl and this is what I found: Feb 22 14:02:11.711182 Onan01 kernel: ata10: hard resetting link Feb 22 14:02:12.186958 Onan01 ...
fi11222's user avatar
  • 103
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1 answer
1k views

If a hard drive caused "bus errors", should its SMART attributes show problems?

The machine shows "ATA bus errors" occasionally, and has to be rebooted: [24028.505239] ata1.00: exception Emask 0x10 SAct 0x0 SErr 0x48d0002 action 0xe frozen [24028.505249] ata1.00: ...
MWB's user avatar
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1 answer
452 views

Can you run SAS drive from SAS backplane to SATA on mobo?

Have an SAS drive plugged into SAS port on the backplane, and it is connected to SATA on the motherboard. Is it possible to use it this way? It is a testing server for cloning another SSD.
servers's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
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What could prevent hdd hot-swap in linux ahci?

I'm tearing my hair out over this issue. I wanted to add a hotswap bay to my homeserver to easily add and remove HDD such as to easily rotate off-site backups. The mainboard in question is an Asrock ...
Gnarflord's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
909 views

Troubleshooting SATA/SAS reverse breakout cable

For a new server build, I'm trying to connect a SAS HDD backplane (SFF-8643) to a SATA motherboard. From my research, this should be possible using reverse breakout cables. I bought and installed two &...
Parker Kemp's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
371 views

Disk issues: irq_stat 0x20000000, host bus error

When copying large files (50+GB) from an NVMe disk to a SATA 7200rpm HDD disk I see the following error in the logs on a fully patched Ubuntu 20.04: Aug 08 00:45:59 host kernel: ata6.00: exception ...
mike's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
166 views

Is it possible to coonect the power to the sata power slot on a PCIE card from HPE ProLiant DL360p Gen8 server?

This is my first server and I never had one before... I recently need to use USB 3.0 for external HDD but there is none on this server, all USB 2.0. So I bought a "3 Ports USB 3.0 with 1Gbps ...
Arst's user avatar
  • 101
1 vote
0 answers
2k views

Hard resetting link, limiting SATA link speed to 1.5 Gbps from non-existent disk

Good morning! Can anyone help me with a strange problem that I have in my Debian 8.8 Jessie server? I'm having these messages in my syslog: [lun may 24 10:23:09 2021] ata9: limiting SATA link speed to ...
user692000's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
3k views

Relatively new WD Red Pro yielding ATA status: 41 (DRDY ERR), error: 40 (UNC ) on FreeBSD 12.2

I am running a TrueNAS server based on FreeBSD 12.2. I migrated the storage to 10 TB WD Red Pro. They're running for 42 days now. Out of the sudden, during a ZFS scrub, one of the disks yielded 5 ...
Peit's user avatar
  • 131
0 votes
1 answer
1k views

LVM PV missing on boot - dropped to initramfs shell

I rebooted my ubuntu 20.10 server today and it suddenly started complaining that it cannot find one of the PVs in the root LV After some digging around in the shell that it dropped me to I could see ...
Declan Shanaghy's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
6k views

What is the purpose of /sys/block/sd?/device/rescan?

I need to "rescan" the SATA bus of our Linux server in search of a hotplug device that doesn't show up. I've seen an old question on the topic (How do I make Linux recognize a new SATA /dev/...
Sylvain Leroux's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
265 views

Fujitsu D2616 Raid Card Lsi Mega Raid Enable Ports

I have a Fujitsu server with D2616 raid contorller, this has 2 mini SAS ports on it with one connecting into a backpane where i have 4 hdd plugged in. This works fine however wanted some SSD's in ...
harri's user avatar
  • 185
1 vote
2 answers
4k views

How to use 12 HDDs with the Supermicro BPN-SAS3-826EL1 backplane?

I have got a chassis with the Supermicro BPN-SAS3-826EL1 backplane. This backplane allows 12 HDDs to be attached. However, I obviously haven't yet understood the cabling between the HBA and the ...
Binarus's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
4k views

What does SATAu mean on Dells driver carriers?

I purchased an used Dell PowerEdge R630 online and had the option to get it preinstalled with some SATA drives, but I declined as I want to install my own (brand-new) SATA SSD drives. (I don't trust ...
miho's user avatar
  • 252
-1 votes
1 answer
2k views

Dealing with an ATA error [closed]

my Xubuntu 16.04. produces a non-stop ATA error message. Here is the output of dmesg [ 4547.943159] ata7: hard resetting link [ 4548.657810] ata7: SATA link down (SStatus 0 SControl 300) [ 4548.657824]...
loved.by.Jesus's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
909 views

RAID controller link speed with mixed drive types

What will be the negotiated speed if I mix 6 and 12gbps SATA and SAS drives in a single h/w RAID controller, but keep them in the separate raid groups? Let's take LSI (Dell PERC H730) as an example ...
Lubos A.'s user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
504 views

HDD SATA speed setting

I just noticed this info from smartctl Does that mean I'm running inferior SATA II speed? If yes, how do I enable SATA III speed? smartctl 7.1 2019-12-30 r5022 [x86_64-linux-5.4.0-37-generic] (local ...
Kuntau's user avatar
  • 111
1 vote
1 answer
340 views

Is the limitation of SATA attached drives on an LSI based SAS expander an ongoing issue?

In my research on developing a low-cost external drive bay for my server, I was presented with a critical issue in attaching commodity SATA drives through any SAS expander based on the LSI controller ...
J Collins's user avatar
  • 221
1 vote
1 answer
354 views

Is my server drive on SATA2 or SATA3 based on this output?

smartctl output: # smartctl -a /dev/sda | grep SATA SATA Version is: SATA 3.1, 6.0 Gb/s (current: 3.0 Gb/s) dmesg output (empty): # dmesg | grep SATA hdparm output: # hdparm -I /dev/sda | grep ...
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1 vote
1 answer
394 views

Ceph with mainstream (desktop) SSDs?

I am searching for an answer about using SSDs drivers, which are build for the mainstream. Afaik ceph uses for its marketing to buy cheap disks for entprise ready storages. But I cannot find any ...
cilap's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
13k views

What's the difference between 10k/15k SAS HDDs and SATA SSDs?

What is the rule of thumb in performance characteristics and differences between 10k / 15k revolutions per minute (RPM) Serial Attached Storage (SAS) hard disc drives (HDDs), versus Serial ATA (SATA) ...
cnst's user avatar
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9 votes
5 answers
3k views

Can we upgrade Dell's basic Server R240 (which still uses HDD 7200RPM) to an SSD?

Today I was shopping for the most basic dell rack server which is the R240. Ironically, they are still using HDD 7200 RPM, with no option for SSD in their selection; and we're approaching 2020! ...
user1034912's user avatar
  • 1,374
0 votes
2 answers
638 views

New large HDD on Ubuntu server

I am running Ubuntu 18.04 on a server which at present only uses the system SSD for file storage. I have now connected a SATA HDD of 16TB which fdisk recognises at dev/sda as 14.6TiB. System disk ...
Simon Lindgren's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
767 views

Recover harddrive after abruptly power cut [closed]

Following is my partition table, mercurial@providence:~$ sudo fdisk -l Disk /dev/sda: 465.78 GiB, 500107862016 bytes, 976773168 sectors Disk model: ST9500420AS Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 ...
Mercurial's user avatar
  • 123
2 votes
1 answer
600 views

12G SAS Expander with 6G disks limiting speed?

I'm building a server with 24 SATA III disks connected to a Chenbro 12G SAS expander on a 12G SAS HBA (LSI 9300) with a single SFF-8643 cable. Aggregate write speed is slower than I hoped for, and I'...
Elliott B's user avatar
  • 200
5 votes
2 answers
1k views

Server Hot Swap Hard Drives

We have a HP Proliant DL380 G9 server. We have a separate data drive which consists of 4 x 1TB 7.2k 6Gb hot-swappable SAS drives RAID 5'd to provide a 3GB logical drive. We've noticed the performance ...
user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
225 views

Non-hotpluggable SATA III hard drives in Intel SR2625URBRPR backplane in conjunction with RAID controller

I'm messing around with server and RAID hardware for the first time, so correct me at any point if my understanding is wrong. I'm wondering why the WD (and not the Seagate or Toshiba; see image below)...
Jonathan Lam's user avatar
-2 votes
1 answer
1k views

What is meant by outstanding IO request in a host controller (e.g. HBA/RAID card)

In context of a host controller (HBA/RAID card) which sends IO traffic to SAS/SATA drives which are part of logical volume - so in such setup, generally I hear a term "Outstanding commands". I did got ...
Pravar Jawalekar's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
287 views

How to disable redundant path warning for a d2600 with 12 HP SATA drives?

Have a HP p822 RAID controller with FirmWare 8.32 cabled to a HPE d2600 with 12 x 4TB SATA drives in RAID60. These are not dual-port SAS drives, but 4TB SATA drives so there is only one pathway to ...
rjt's user avatar
  • 584
4 votes
1 answer
914 views

If I connect a SATA3 6Gbps SSD to a SAS2 6Gbps port using a breakout cable, will I get SATA3 speeds?

I have 2 SATA3 SSDs in my server, which are currently connected to SATA2 ports. If I wanted to get SATA3 speeds out of them instead, could I buy a SAS2 HBA and use an SFF-8087 to SATA breakout cable ...
D3matt's user avatar
  • 43
17 votes
1 answer
6k views

What kind of SATA connector is this?

My Supermicro motherboard has a "vertical S-SATA connector". The manual simply says "A vertical S-SATA connector, offers four S-SATA 3.0 connections (S-SATA 0-3)". I took a picture of it and it ...
Pete's user avatar
  • 355
1 vote
0 answers
408 views

How to expose raw SATA disks in KVM guest

I have a CentOS 7.3 64-bit host OS and KVM version (qemu-kvm-1.5.3-126.el7.x86_64) and need to run Fedora Core 13 (32-bit) as guest OS. I have recent hardware which has some SATA and IDE disks ...
sushma's user avatar
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