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Character sets are used to represent a repertoire of characters by some kind of encoding system, such as US-ASCII, ISO-8859, or UTF-8.

Character encoding is used to represent a repertoire of characters by some kind of encoding system. Depending on the abstraction level and context, corresponding code points and the resulting code space may be regarded as bit patterns, octets, natural numbers, electrical pulses, etc. A character encoding is used in computation, data storage, and transmission of textual data. "Character set", "character map", "codeset" and "code page" are related, but not identical, terms.

Common character encodings include

  • ASCII
  • EBCDIC
  • ISO 8859
  • Windows-1250
  • Guobiao
  • Big5
  • Unicode

Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Character_encoding

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