FirewallD is a firewall service daemon with D-BUS interface managing a dynamic firewall. First used in Fedora 18, it is expected to be the default firewall tool for future versions of Enterprise Linux.
FirewallD provides a dynamically managed firewall with support for network/firewall zones to define the trust level of network connections or interfaces. It has support for IPv4, IPv6 firewall settings and for ethernet bridges and has a separation of runtime and persistent configuration options. It also supports an interface for services or applications to add firewall rules directly.
The former firewall model with system-config-firewall/lokkit was static and every change required a complete firewall restart. This included also to unload the firewall netfilter kernel modules and to load the modules that are needed for the new configuration. The unload of the modules was breaking stateful firewalling and established connections.
The firewall daemon on the other hand manages the firewall dynamically and applies changes without restarting the whole firewall. Therefore there is no need to reload all firewall kernel modules. But using a firewall daemon requires that all firewall modifications are done with that daemon to make sure that the state in the daemon and the firewall in kernel are in sync. The firewall daemon can not parse firewall rules added by the ip*tables and ebtables command line tools.
The daemon provides information about the current active firewall settings via D-BUS and also accepts changes via D-BUS using PolicyKit authentication methods.
First used in Fedora 18, it is expected to be the default firewall tool for future versions of Enterprise Linux. In the meantime, information on how to use FirewallD can be found on the Fedora wiki.